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Appendix. E.

LIST*

ICELANDIC PLANTS. I. MONANDRIA.

I. MONOGYNIA.

Hippuris vulgaris. Zostera marina. x

* This catalogue is principally taken from Zoega's Flora Islandica (attached to the Danish edition of Povelsen andOlafsen's account of Iceland), andMohr's Forfog til en Islandsk Naturhistorie, published at Copenhagen in 1786. The few additional species, which I am enabled to insert by means of Sir George Mackenzie's and Mr. Paulsen's collections and my own researches, are distinguished by being printed in italics. In some instances, where I have, in the course of my journal, had occasion to notice any new plant or any peculiarity belonging to those that are already known, I have referred to the page where it is mentioned.

H. DIGYNIA.

Callitriche aquatica. y. autumnalis.

II. DIANDRIA.

i WI. MONOGYNIA.

Veronica officinalis.

serpyllifolia.

Beccabunga.

Anagallis.

scutellata.

alpina.

fruticulosa. (vol. I. p. 113.)

marilandica.

Pinguicula vulgaris.—" Les Islandais s'en servent quelquefois en guise d'ail." Voyage en Islande.

alpina.

II. DIGYNIA. Anthoxanthum odoratum.

III. TRIANDRIA.

I. MONOGYNIA.

Valeriana officinalis.
Schcenus compressus.

Scirpus palustris.

lacustris.

caespitosus.

acicularis.

—I setaceus.

Eriophorum polystachion.—Of the pappus of this plant the natives make wicks for their lamps.

j vaginatum.

capitatum. Hoppe. (vol.i. p. 1780

; alpinum.

Nardus stricta.

II. DIGYNIA.

Phleum pratense.

nodosum.

alpinum. Alopecurus geniculatus. Milium effusum. Agrostis rubra. stolonifera.

canina.

vulgaris.

/3. pumila.

alba.

arundinacea.

caerulea.

Aira caespitosa.

flexuosa.

——montana.

subspicata.

alpina.

aquatica.

praecox.

Holcus odoratus.—Said to be used by the Icelanders to perfume their apartments and their clothes.

Sesleria caerulea.

Poa pratensis.

— trivialis.

— compressa.

— annua.

— angustifolia.

— alpina.

— maritima.

glauca.—Both this and the following

species are far from uncommon in Iceland.

ccesia. Festuca ovina.

rubra.

elatior.

fluitans.

< duriuscula.

i

Festuca vivipara. (vol. I. p. 320.)
Arundo Phragmites.

Epigejos.

arenaria.

Elymus arenarius.—(vol. II. p. 226.) The seeds are occasionally made into a sort of bread. Triticum caninum.

——— repens.

III. TRYGINA. Montia fontana.

Roenigia islandica. (vol. i. p. 152 and 191.) IV. TETRANDRIA.

I. MONOGYNIA.

Scabiosa succisa.—The Icelandic names for this plant, Pukabit and Dievelsbid, have both the same signification as our Devil's bit.

Galium verum.

palustre.

Mollugo.

pusillum.

boreale,

Plantago major.

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