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II. POLYGAMIA SUPERFLUA.
! 1 sylvaticum.
Achillea Millefolium.—The Icelandic appellation, Vall-humall (fieldhops), seems to imply that this plant has been used instead of hops in that island, as it is still in some parts of Sweden. At present the natives only make an ointment of its leaves with butter, which they apply to cutaneous and other external sores.
I. DIANDRIA. Orchis maculata.
Orchis Morio mascula.
hyperborea. (vql I. p. 85.)
al bid u in.
Epipactis ovata.—I possess the only specimen of this ever gathered in Iceland; it was found, at a place called Vik, by the son of Mr. Paulsen.
* Nidus avis ?—Either this or a new
species of Epipactis has been sent me by Sir George Mackenzie. The specimen is destitute of its root, so that I cannot ascertain it with certainty.
I. MONANDRIA. Zostera marina, (vol. i. p. Ill)—This the
cattle eat, and the natives gather
and dry for their beds. Chara vulgaris. ■ hispida.
III. TRIANDRIA. Sparganium natans.
Cobresia scirpina. Willd. (vol. i. p. 152 and 178.)—Car ex Bellardi of preceding authors, under which name it is mentioned in my journal.
uliginosa. . .
—7- montana. rigida.
—— atrata. (vol. 1. p. H6.)
Carex Pseudo-cyperus. acuta.
ampullacea.—The specimen sent me
by Sir George Mackenzie is a slight variety with branched spikes. * vesicaria.
IV. TETRANDRIA. Urtica dioica.
wrens.—This I only saw growing in
.—"" Mr. Savigniac's garden, at Reikevig.
nana. (vol. i. p. 241.)
II. DIANDRIA. . . ♦
Salix Myrsinites. —-— arbuscula.
—'— herbacea.—'The downy substance from this and other species of Willow is applied by the natives to wounds both of man and beast. The leaves steeped in water are employed in tanning skins. The wood is used in making ink, being steeped in a decoction of the leaves, to which is added some of the earth used in dying, mentioned in the note, at vol. i. p. 215: it is then all boiled together until the liquid has acquired a proper consistency. Salix purpurea.