Technology and Economic Development: The Dynamics of Local, Regional, and National Change
This book is primarily a synthesis of the large literature which has grown around the topics of economic development and technology. It is intended to be a resource for further inquiry into the topics covered in its pages. Consequently, there are many references to the large and diverse literature which has contributed to development studies. development adds to the growing realization, that technology and the management decisions of global business enterprises affect localities as well as national economies. This book brings together existing knowledge about economic development, especially at the scale of regions within nations. It is research at the regional scale which is most useful for addressing the realities of economic development in the 1990s, for the openess and vulnerability of regions and nations to outside influences, so evident from the early research into regional development, are now evident as well at national scales. proliferation of products and of weapons. It permits entrepreneurs to get an edge on competitors, and it allows one region to be more prosperous than another. economic development. Its relevance to the national scale, recognized since the postwar era began, has spread to the regional and local levels. There, and at the national level as well, local or indigenous entrepreneurship, networks, and policies affect the level of economic well-being. The behaviour of large corporations and of new, small firms contribute to what we see as development. Organizational and locational changes accompany corporate responses to technological change. As firms have had to deal with global competition, so communities, regions, and nations must confront rivals for development in distant locations.
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theories and facts
cores and peripheries
Growth or development?
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areas automation Babson College branch plants cent Chapter communication competition complex corporate costs cycle dependence developing countries division of labour economic activity economic base economic development economic growth electronics employment engineering entrepreneurs entrepreneurship Environment and Planning especially Europe example export facilities factors flexible Fordist geographical Gertler global growth centres high technology high-tech impact important information technology infrastructure input-output input-output models inputs investment Japan Japanese knowledge large firms large urban linkages London Malecki manufacturing Markusen multinational multinational corporations multiplier effects neoclassical networks Nijkamp OECD organization peripheral product innovation R&D intensity regional development regional economic regional growth regional policy Regional Science Regional Studies robots role sectors Silicon Valley skills small firms sources spatial strategy structure suppliers technical technological capability technological change technology transfer Technopolis theory Third World University urban regions venture capital workers