The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume
The Early Modern Subject explores the understanding of self-consciousness and personal identity—two fundamental features of human subjectivity—as it developed in early modern philosophy. Udo Thiel presents a critical evaluation of these features as they were conceived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He explains the arguments of thinkers such as Descartes, Locke, Leibniz, Wolff, and Hume, as well as their early critics, followers, and other philosophical contemporaries, and situates them within their historical contexts. Interest in the issues of self-consciousness and personal identity is in many ways characteristic and even central to early modern thought, but Thiel argues here that this is an interest that continues to this day, in a form still strongly influenced by the conceptual frameworks of early modern thought. In this book he attempts to broaden the scope of the treatment of these issues considerably, covering more than a hundred years of philosophical debate in France, Britain, and Germany while remaining attentive to the details of the arguments under scrutiny and discussing alternative interpretations in many cases.
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according account of personal actions appeals apperception argues argument ascribe Berkeley Bewußtseyn bewust body bundle theory bundle view Butler Cartesian century chapter Christian Wolff Clarke concept concerned conscience conscientia consists constitutes personal identity context critics critique Cudworth David Hume debate Descartes Descartes’s Deutsche Metaphysik diachronic identity discussion distinction distinguish doctrine early modern eighteenth-century emphasises example existence explicitly Hume Hume’s ibid ideas important inner issue of personal John Locke Kant knowledge Leibniz Locke Locke’s account Locke’s theory Lockean Lucretius Malebranche materialist matter Mérian metaphysical mind moral nature notion of consciousness notion of person Nouveaux essais objects Oeuvres particles passage perceptions personal identity Philosophical Philosophical Writings Philosophische Schriften presupposes problem Ralph Cudworth reflection rejects relating to one’s relevant resurrection Ru¨diger says Scholastic Seele seems self-consciousness sense Shaftesbury Sherlock soul Spinoza Stillingfleet Sulzer Thiel things thinkers thinking substance thought transitivity of identity Treatise u¨ber unity Watts Wolff Wolffian