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THE favourable reception, which the pulsliek has given to the “Pronounc.. ing Testament," and the importance of children being early taught to pronounce according to the most approved standard of English orthöepy, have encouraged the Editor to apply the same principles to the Introduction, to the English Reader, and also to the Reader and the Sequel.
At this period of improvement in school instruction, nothing need be said in praise of Mr. Murray's Reading Books. They have already and deservedly attained a popularity and circulation, in our country, surpassed or even equalled by no productions of similar design. The chastity of the language, the purity of the style, the grammatical precision, and the correctness of moral sentiment, which mark these exercises, will long preserve them from disuse or oblivion.
Mr. Murray, in his English Reader, remarks, that " by attentively consulting Mr. Walker's Pronouncing Dictionary, the young reader will be much assisted in his endeavours to attain a correct pronunciation of the words belonging to the English Language." This object is, in this publication, as in the Pronouncing Testament, greatly facilitated by dividing and accenting the proper names and numerous other words difficult to pronounce, according to the orthöepy contained in Mr. Walker's Dictionary and Classical Key.
When the pronunciation of words could not be clearly and fully expressed, by the aid of the explanatory Key, the orthöepy of such words has been written in the bottom of the page, either as Mr. Walker has himself written it, or in strict conformity to those rules and principles which he has established, so far as by a critical and careful investigation of them, they have been under. stood. The words which have been marked at all, except those in the bottom of the page, have been macked nearly as often as they afterwards occur; but the neglecting to mark every vowel in an accented word, or to Italicise every silent letter, would not materially affect the design which has been pursued.
The scheme of the vowel sounds in the explanatory Key, is nearly the same as that given by Mr. Walker, to which are prefixed Mr. Perry's marks. The pupil should be well acquainted with all the vowel sounds, as they are marked in the Key, and should be taught to give them separately, as they are written in the brackets, and in the order in which they stand..
As the Introduction is often used in the vounger classes in schools, before children are furnished with Dictionaries, it has been conceived that the Appendix, containing a concise selection cf words, with definitions, would greatly increase its value. In this selection from the preceding lessons, care has been taken to adopt words, the meaning of which is inost obscure; and as most words have several definitions, that definition is, in the Appendix, affixed first, which is appropriate to the word as it is used in this work. This cire cumstance will often essentially aid the young pupil in the right understanding of his lesson. In the Appendix, reference to words selected from each page, 18 made by the figures of that page placed over them.
The improvements of this Edition, wiil, it is hoped, give it a just preference, not only by aiding the progress of the pupils, but also by rendering the task of the teacher less fatiguing and more successful.. Roston, Sept. 1823
TO THE REGULAR NATIVE SOUNDS OF THE ENGʻLISH VOWEIS
1. a. The long slender Engʻlish ā, [ay] as in gāme, fāte, pā'per. * a. The short Eng’lish a, like short ě,] as in any, many, says..
Thames ;-pron, ěn'ne, měn'ne, sěz, Těmz. 2. à. The long it-ăl'i-ănt or middle à, (ah) as in stàr, fà'thěr, măm-ma'. 4. 8. The short sound of the st-ăl'i-ăn å, (ah] as in făt, măt, måp,
măr'ry. 3. å. The broad German, or open á, [aw] as in fâll, håll, wall, wâ'tér. * a. The short German â, (like short o) as in wâd, wân, was, wash,
wâr'rănt;—pron. wod, won, wóz, wosh, wor'rănt. 1. ē. The long ē, (eh) as in mē, hēre, mē'tre, mē'di-um. 2. č. The short ě, (eh) as in běd, měn, mět, lět, gět, fěll. 1. 1. 5. The long diphthongal 7, Leye) as in dīne, tī’tle, şğre, cñ'cle. 2. 1. j. The short simple č, [ik] as in pịn, tit'tle, cýst, cým'băl. 1. 7. The long open , [owe) as in nõ, note, nõ'tice. 2. Ò, The long close on (00) as in mòve, pròve. 3. ô. The long broad 6, (aw] as in nôr, fôr, ôr ; like the broad â. 4. ó. The short broad , Law) as in not, hot, gót. 1. ū. ñ. The long diphthongal i, (you) as in cūbe, cupid, new. 2. ú. The short simple, , (uh) as in tứb, củp, súp. 3. û. Û. The middle or obtuse ít, [o in wolf | as in búll, füll, nôî.
Note to the Key. The sound of the vowel ó in môve, prove, &c. marked, by Mr. Perry, with the Broad accent, is, in this Key, marked with the Grave accent, ò thus, in mòve, pròve, &c.—The long and short sounds of a are placed together, consequently 4. å. in Mr. Walker's order is transposed..
IRREGULAR VOWEL SOUNDS, CHARACTERS, &c. 1. The Acute á, é, i, ó, and ý, in unaccented and monosyllables, frequently deşert their regular native sounds, and slide into that of short ủ, as hěard in li'ár, hér, bírd, dóne, màr'týr.
2. The Broad é sounds like the long Italian à, in Nin'e-vêh, and, like the long slender English ā, in êre, there, whêre'; pronounced Nin'e-vàh-āre, thāre, hwāre.
3. The mediate or unaccented i or y, sounds like the long ē. In all words which have any vowel with a marked accent, this i is the last part of the component sound of the long diphthongal 7 or y, or it is equivalent to the long sound of ē, as hčard in priv'i-ly, Běth'a-ny, prou nounced priv'ê-lē, Běth'a-nē.
This i'qwel is. Here irregular or commutable in sound. t. t-talyğn..
4. When joined with a final syllable in the pronunciation, é some umes becomes a consonant, as in It-ål'ian.
5. Ç. or ch denotes a hard sound, like k, as hěard in Chrīst. 6. Gor ş denotes a soft sound, like j, as hěard in gėl'id, şýp'sy. 7. ph generally sounds like f, as hěard in Phi-lē'món. 8. ş or ç denotes a soft or flat sound like x, as hěard in mūşe, sīçe.
9. In a diphthong or triphthong, a vowel with a marked accent, shows that its fellow vowel or vowels àre silent, and that its own sound is the only proper one in that combination, as in yeast, * beau'ty.
10. The vowel i is not silent, unless Italicised, and forms an excep tion to the last rule, as in fiēld, plăid. In some words, when it is not Italicised, it has only the power of e final, lengthening the preceding vowel, as in obtain, pron, ob-tāne'.
11. Italick letters, in words which are marked with the vowel as cents, are likewise silent, as in rēa'zon.
12. ['] This oblique mark denotes the chief or primary accent to be on that syllable, over or immediately ảfter which it is placed. Thus—Dā'vid, in right pronunciation, is accented on the first syllable.
13. The termination ah, in Hebrew proper names, when under the primary or secondary accent, is long, as in Tàh'e-ră, Běth'ra-bah; but, when not under the accent, and final, it is short, as in Jē-ho'văh, Jū'dăb.
14. The Greek and Latin termination a, when not under the prin cipal accent, by omitting the final h, invariably bears the mark of ine short sound of the Italian ă, as in Běth-ěs'dă, ā-ôr'tă.
15. In words of this book having marked vowels, a, without an ao cent over it, always has its short Italian sound.
16. E before r, in a monosyllable, or in an accented syllable, or in a syllable before the accented one, has the sound of č in věr'y ; e. g. wěre, měr'chănt, pěr-för'mănce, pěrəăm-bū-lā’tion.
17. The Ortho-e-py of words, written in the bottom of the page, governs those words through the book.
RULE, for pronouncing the language of Scripture. In the Sacred Writings, every participial ed, where it is not preced ed by a
wel, ought to make a distinct syllable: as, “ Who hath beliē'ved our report, and to whom is the arm of the Lord revēal'ed ?" But where it is preceded by a vowel, the e is suppressed, as in justi. fied and glorified in the following passage : “ Whom he did predesty nate, them he also call'ed: and whom he call'ed, them he also justified ; and whom he justified, them he also glorified.”
RULE, for reading common and familiar writings. When a verb ends with a sharp consonant, as f, P, k, s, h, and a soft, the termination ed, assumed by the preterite and participle, sounds like t; as stuffed, tripped, cracked, passed, vouched, faced, pron, stuft, tript, crackt, past, voucht, faste. But when the verb ends in a flat consonant, b, g, v, s; or a liquid, as l, m, n, r, the termination ed, preserves the flat sound of d; as drubbed, pegged, lived, þuzzed, blamed, joined, filled, barred, pron. drubbid, peggid, livid, bussid, blam'd, joind, filld, barrd.
Note. When verbs end in t or d, te or de, the participial ed is always heard in a distinct syllable, as trust, trusted; sound, sound'ed; frio, Aut'ed; guide, guid'ed.
(Walker's Principles. * better written-pěst.
29 16. The noble basket-maker,
8. A generous mind does not re-
17. The same subject continued,
18. Virtude and happiness equally
6. The doves,
2. The advan'lages of early re-
6. Duties of the morning,
ib. 7. The mind to be cultivated,
3. Creation and Prov'idence, ib. 7. Resignation,
21. Epitaph on a poor and virtuous
3. The excellence of the Bible, ib. 22. Love to eremies,
8. To a child five years old, it.
ib. 26. Praise due to God for his woD-
13. Trust in the goodness of God, 146 32, The swallows,
9. The ros: ,