From Hogarth to Rowlandson: Medicine in Art in Eighteenth-century Britain

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Liverpool University Press, 1996 - History - 336 pages
From Hogarth to Rowlandson shows how medicine and medical practitioners were portrayed by some of the artists of the eighteenth century. Medical imagery is a forceful component of eighteenth-century art and, taken as a corpus, the works of artists such as Hogarth and Rowlandson provide a lay view of some of the contemporary medical developments and of the attitudes held towards members of the medical profession. Eighteenth-century medical imagery does not only appear overtly as illustrations of medical men with their patients being purged, bled, "given a vomit" and so forth, but also appears indirectly as part of a "language" based upon symbolism, allegory and the use of emblems in a traditional manner still commonly employed in the eighteenth century. Haslam places "the art of medicine" of the eighteenth century in its social, historical and political context and shows how this, together with a knowledge of the lives of the artists themselves, is necessary for a better understanding of that art in an age in which hope was often raised by medical innovation, but all too often dashed. Among the aspects considered are: medical images in Hogarth's early satires, the innovation of vaccination, death, madness, fashion in medicine, midwifery and birth, blood-letting, the role and practice of the itinerant quack, surgery, and medicine and morality.

This book provides an insight into the use of highly charged and often complicated representations of medicine and doctors in graphic and literary art. It will be of interest to social, medical and art historians as well as to general readers.
 

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Contents

the History of the Development
14
Early Satires
27
Diagram of heraldic terms for The Company of Undertakers
55
Thomas Bardwell Joshua Ward 16851761 oil painting engraved
63
The Itinerant Quack
67
Southwark Fair detail
69
Thomas Rowlandson The Mountebank at a Fair pen and ink and water
78
Thomas Rowlandson The Quack Doctor Humbug Gives Advice Gratis pen and sepia ink and watercolour n d
79
Scene 3 The Tavern Scene
148
Scene 4 Arrested for Debt
149
Scene 5 Marriage
150
Scene 6 a Gaming House
151
Scene 7 The Debtors Prison
152
Scene 8 Scene in a Madhouse second state
153
Caius Gabriel Cibber Melancholy Madness and Raving Madness sculptured figures c 1676 from the gates of Bethlem Hospital Moor fields London
154
William Hogarth Credulity Superstition and Fanaticism engraving 1762
161

Unknown artist The Stte Quack etching September 1762
81
a William Hogarth The Punishment inflicted on Lemuel Gulliver etching and engraving December 1726
85
Medical Images in EighteenthCentury
87
Plate 1 Arrival in London
90
Plate 2 The Quarrel with her Jew Protector
92
Plate 3 Apprehended by a Magistrate
93
Plate 4 Scene in Bridewell
94
Plate 5 She expires while the Doctors are Quarrelling
95
Detail from Plate 5
97
Attributed to William Hogarth A Garret Scene drawing 1726
98
Plate 6 The Funeral
100
Detail from Plate 6
101
323 35 379 William Hogarth MarriagealaMode 6 plates etching and engraving June 1745
103
Scene II The Tete a tete
104
Detail from Scene II The Tete a tete
105
Scene III The Inspection
107
William Hogarth Hudibras Beats Sidrophel and Whacum etching and engraving for Samuel Butlers Hudibras February 17256
108
Scene IV The Toilette
114
Scene V The Bagnio
115
Scene VI The Ladys Death
116
William Hogarth detail from The Idle Prentice Betrayd by his Whore and taken in a Night Cellar with his Accomplice plate 9 of the series Industry an...
118
William Hogarth Beer Street etching and engraving 17501
120
William Hogarth Gin Lane etching and engraving 17501
121
William Hogarth The March to Finchley engraving December 1750
127
Artist anonymous The Funeral Procession of Madam Geneva engrav ing September 1751
129
Thomas Rowlandson Death in the Nursery aquatint 181516
131
Hogarth at St Bartholomews Hospital
132
William Hogarth The Pool of Bethesda oil painting 1736
133
William Hogarth The Polling from Four Prints of an Election engrav ing February 1758 3rd state
141
Detail from The Polling
142
James Gillray Taking Physic etching handcoloured 1800
143
A Question of Taste or a Taste of Madness
144
518 William Hogarth The Rakes Progress 8 plates etching and engraving June 1735
146
Scene 2 The Rakes Levee
147
Thomas Rowlandson The Hypochondriac aquatint 1788
165
George Woodward del I Cruikshank John Bull Troubled by the Blue Devils engraving 1799
166
Richard Newton A Visit to Bedlam 1794
167
Thomas Rowlandson Doctor Willis at Home watercolour 1788
171
Thomas Rowlandson Doctor Willis Abroad watercolour 1788
172
Fashions in Health and Treatment
174
669 Thomas Rowlandson The Comforts of Bath handcoloured aquatints first published as a set of 12 in 1798
177
Plate III The Pump Room
179
The Comforts of Bathing or The Kings Bath pen and watercolour
185
Plate IV The Fish Market
188
Thomas Rowlandson Bath Races handcoloured aquatint 1800
190
Thomas Rowlandson The Pump Room Door from the Dance of Death series pen and watercolour over pencil
191
Paul Sandby Les Caprices De La Goute Ballet Arthritique aquatint 1738
192
Thomas Rowlandson Dr Grahams Cold Earth and Warm Mud Bathing Establishment pen and ink and watercolour c 178 590
201
Artist unknown The Quacks engraving 1783
204
Hanibal Scratch The Aerostatick Stage Balloon engraving 1783
208
Coilings Magnetic Dispensary etching and engraving 1790
211
Attrib to Dent Billys Gouty Visit or a Peep at Hammersmith engraving 1789
213
James Gillray Metallic Tractors aquatint 1801
216
Thomas Rowlandson A Midwife Going to a Labour engraving 1811
219
Isaac Cruikshank A Manmidwife engraving 1793
222
Thomas Rowlandson A Medical Inspection or Miracles will Never Cease engraving 1814
225
William Hogarth detail from The Enraged Musician etching and engraving November 1741
227
To the Tomb 2 45
245
Licensed to kill? 2 53
253
Kill or cure
266
IO The End
277
Thomas Rowlandson The Dissecting Room pen with brown ink
279
Thomas Rowlandson Death and the Apothecary or The Quack Doctor
292
97
297
Primary sources
317
I
331
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

Fiona Haslam worked for many years in medical practice and in 1986, while still working she began her research into medicine and art, which resulted in the award of a doctorate from the University of St Andrews. She has written a number of articles on medicine and art and is the author of From Hogarth to Rowlandson: Medicine in Art in Eighteenth Century Britain (Liverpool University Press, 1996)

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