Educations in Ethnic Violence: Identity, Educational Bubbles, and Resource Mobilization

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Cambridge University Press, Dec 12, 2011 - Political Science
In Educations in Ethnic Violence, Matthew Lange explores the effects education has on ethnic violence. Lange contradicts the widely held belief that education promotes peace and tolerance. Rather, Lange finds that education commonly contributes to aggression, especially in environments with ethnic divisions, limited resources and ineffective political institutions. He describes four ways in which organized learning spurs ethnic conflicts. Socialization in school shapes students' identities and the norms governing intercommunal relations. Education can also increase students' frustration and aggression when their expectations are not met. Sometimes, the competitive atmosphere gives students an incentive to participate in violence. Finally, education provides students with superior abilities to mobilize violent ethnic movements. Lange employs a cross-national statistical analysis with case studies of Sri Lanka, Cyprus, the Palestinian territories, India, sub-Saharan Africa, Canada and Germany.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Education and Ethnic Violence
12
3 Testing the Impact of Education on Ethnic Violence
35
4 Education and Ethnic Violence in Sri Lanka
59
5 Education and Ethnic Violence in Cyprus
84
6 Education and Ethnic Violence in the Palestinian Territories India and SubSaharan Africa
113
7 Education and EthnoNationalist Conflict in Canada and Germany
154
8 Education and Ethnic Violence
189
Bibliography
207
Index
235
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About the author (2011)

Matthew Lange is an associate professor of sociology at McGill University. He is the author of Lineages of Despotism and Development (2009) and co-editor of States and Development (2005) and Oxford Handbook on the Transformation of States (forthcoming).

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