Language and National Identity in Africa

Front Cover
Andrew Simpson
Oxford University Press, Feb 7, 2008 - History - 367 pages
This book focuses on language, culture, and national identity in Africa. Leading specialists examine countries in every part of the continent - Egypt, Morocco, Sudan, Senegal, Mali, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo, Kenya, Tanzania, Zanbia, South Africa, and the nations of the Horn, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Somalia. Each chapter describes and examines the country's linguistic and political history and the relation of its languages to national, ethnic, and cultural identities, and assesses the relative status of majority and minority languages and the role of language in ethnic conflict. Of the book's authors, fifteen are from Africa and seven from Europe and the USA. Jargon-free, fully referenced, and illustrated with seventeen maps, this book will be of value to a wide range of readers in linguistics, politics, history, sociology, and anthropology. It will interest everyone wishing to understand the dynamic interactions between language and politics in Africa, in the past and now.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
From Egyptian to PanArab Nationalism
26
Language Nationalism and Gender
44
Majorities Minorities and Language Interactions
61
The Emergence of a National Lingua Franca
79
In Defence of Cultural and Linguistic Pluralism
98
Krio and the Quest for National Integration
122
Indigenous Languages English and an Emerging National Identity
141
Official Bilingualism in a Multilingual State
199
Language and Authentic Nationalism
214
Language and the Search for a Coherent National Identity
235
The Development of Swahili as a National and Official Language
252
Ethiopia Eritrea Djibouti and Somalia
267
One Zambia One Nation Many Languages
291
The Rocky Road to Nation Building
314
References
339

The Supremacy of French
158
Ethnolinguistic Competition in the Giant of Africa
172

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About the author (2008)


Andrew Simpson is Professor of Linguistics in the Department of Linguistics, University of Southern California. He has studied and travelled extensively in Africa, and is particularly interested in the dynamics of post-colonial language development in West Africa. He is the editor of the Language and National Identity in Asia (OUP 2007).

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