Immigration and Crime: The Effects of Immigration on Criminal Behavior
"Stowell examines the impact of immigration on violent crime. Criminological theory, and particularly social disorganization theory, has held that immigration is inextricably linked to crime. Stowell tests whether patterns of neighborhood-level violence are partially attributable to the population characteristics of an area, and, in particular, to its nativity composition. His analyses offer both support for and challenges to social disorganization theory. Consistent with theoretical expectations, immigration is found to be indirectly associated with levels of violence. Little support, however, is found for the notion that immigrants are a largely homogeneous population, or that immigration is positively associated with property crime. The results call for a refinement of the disorganization theory, one that is sensitive to the differences among the foreign-born population and one that does not assume a negative impact of immigration on neighborhood social structure and violence."--BOOK JACKET.
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Social Disorganization Theory Expectations
Studies of Immigration and Crime Findings
Analytical Approach Data and Methodology
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Alexandria argue association between immigration average causal cluster communities consistent criminal violence criminological research criminologists Cuban Dependent variable differential impacts direct effect diversity diversity index effects of immigration ethnic populations findings foreign-born population Hagan and Palloni Haitians higher levels Hispanic homicide Honduran Houston hypotheses immigrant ethnic groups immigrant groups immigrant neighborhoods immigrant population immigrant/crime link immigration and crime immigration on violence immigration research immigration/crime impact of immigration included indicators instability index instrumental violence largest immigrant levels of crime levels of violence live in areas Martinez and Lee Median Household Income Miami multicollinearity multivariate analyses native-born natives negative neighborhood social structure neighborhood structural Nicaraguan observed levels pattern percent poverty predictor prior research racial/ethnic recent immigrants relationship between immigration residential instability residential stability residents Salvadoran scatterplot significant social disorganization perspective social disorganization theory social structural characteristics spatial spatial dependence Specifically Table urban Vietnamese violent crime rates Wickersham Report