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in the field of Christian Theology your LordThip holds a distinguished and venerable name. The Benefit conferred by so respectable a Patron reflects an honour on the Receiver himself, and also stamps a credit on his Professional Exercises.

I remain,

My Lord,
With profound respect and gratitude,

Your Lordship’s most obliged
and most obedient Servant,





THE Subject of this Volume comprehends an extensive range in Divinity, as, when considered in its different views, it embraces both the Testimonies of Christian Faith and the Elements of Christian Doctrine. On this account the Author trusts that it may be regarded as no unsuitable Thesis for that Course of Lecture Sermons, which he has been appointed to preach before the Univer

sity of Oxford. :. Without attempting a more systematic

form, the method here pursued is to take for the grounds of the several Discourfes certain Texts or Portions of the Prophecies of Isaiah and of the Gospels, which appear to be most replete with argument on the subject proposed. This plan may be thought more favourable to unity of design in detached or single Sermons, than in a Course of Sermons considered as a Whole. Yet in this point of view he presumes his work is not materially deficient, as from the order here adopted some appearance may be traced of regular


progression, from the Evidences to the Principles, from the Principles to the Duties, from the Duties to the Motives, of the Chriftian Religion.

It may readily be conceived, that a subject of this nature cannot always without disadvantage be exactly apportioned to a prescribed number of Lectures or a limited measure of Discourse. This he hopes will be accepted as his apology to the University for taking a larger compass in his work, when presented to the Public, than he had opportunity of doing, when delivered from the Pulpit. It may be proper to state, that two additional Sermons are inserted, namely, the Second and the Fifth, adapted to the two great Solemnities of the Christian Year, the Nativity and the Passion of our Lord. And the Portion of discourse on the Beatitudes, which was delivered in two Parts, is amplified into a series of Sermons correspond, ing to the subjects of the several Beatitudes.

At the same time he hopes, that this Enlargement of his Plan will be admitted as some excuse for the unavoidable delay of the publication.







“I give and bequeath my Lands and “ Estates to the Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars “ of the University of Oxford for ever, to have 6 and to hold all and singular the said Lands or “ Estates upon trust, and to the intents and pur“ poses hereinafter mentioned; that is to say, I so will and appoint that the Vice-Chancellor of as the University of Oxford for the time being shall “ take and receive all the rents, issues, and pro“ fits thereof, and (after all taxes, reparations, and “ neceffary deductions made) that he pay all the “ remainder to the endowment of eight Divinity “ Lecture Sermons, to be established for ever in “ the said University, and to be performed in the “ mạnner following:

: «I direct and appoint, that, upon the first .“ Tuesday in Easter Term, a Lecturer be yearly


“ chosen by the Heads of Colleges only, and by “ no others, in the room adjoining to the Print“ing-House, between the hours of ten in the “ morning and two in the afternoon, to preach

eight Divinity Lecture Sermons, the year fol“ lowing, at St. Mary's in Oxford, between the 6 commencement of the last month in Lent Term, " and the end of the third week in Act Term.

“ Also I direct and appoint, that the eight Di« vinity Lecture Sermons shall be preached upon “ either of the following Subjects—to confirm “ and establish the Christian Faith, and to con« fute all heretics and schismatics—upon the dio vine authority of the holy Scriptures—upon " the authority of the writings of the primitive ~ Fathers, as to the faith and practice of the pri“ mitive Church upon the Divinity of our “ Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ-upon the Dia “ vinity of the Holy Ghost-upon the Articles “ of the Christian Faith, as comprehended in the “ Apostles' and Nicene Creeds.

“ Also I direct, that thirty copies of the eight “ Divinity Lecture Sermons shall be always 6 printed, within two months after they are “ preached, and one copy shall be given to the “ Chancellor of the University, and one copy to " the Head of every College, and one copy to the * Mayor of the city of Oxford, and one copy to “ be put into the Bodleian Library; and the ex


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