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Aikman angle of 45 angle of 90 applied architecture arts of ornamental beauty of form BLAckwood & Sons centre chord circle circumference Class Coloured combination composed of arcs composite ellipse constitutes contrary principles curve curvilinear figure curvilinear process cut out figure cyma decorations diagonal diameter divided division DR Hay Draw the lines Edinburgh elements equal equilateral triangle examples exhibit fifth foci genius gonals Grecian harmonic ratios high art human figure hypotenuse inscribed intercolumniations isosceles triangle kind laws of symmetry line A B line CD major second major third mind mode monochord moulding multiple nature numbers of degrees object oblong octave ogee order of symmetry ornamental design outline ovolo parallelograms pediment perfect fifth plane figures primary PRINCIPLES OF BEAUTY principles of symmetrical produced radii rectangles rectilinear relation right angles scalene triangles semicircle similar species symmetrical beauty thenon tion tiple trace ulna Upper Angle variety Vitruvius
Page 62 - The several parts which constitute a temple ought to be subject to the laws of symmetry ; the principles of which should be familiar to all who profess the science of architecture. Symmetry results from proportion, which, in the Greek language is termed analogy. Proportion is the commensuration of the various constituent parts with the whole, in the existence of which symmetry is found to consist.
Page 5 - To use the words of Channing, " The farmer and the mechanic should cultivate the perception of beauty,' and every man should aim to impart this perfection to his labours. Were every man a judge and appreciator of beauty, then indeed might we expect forms of grace and loveliness of colour to pervade domestic and everyday life— to replace, in our streets, the expensive ugliness of which we have so much, and in our homes to abolish the ornamental vulgarities of bad taste. The Naturally Colour-blind.
Page 16 - As ALL BEAUTY is the result of harmony, it will be requisite here to remark, that harmony is not a simple quality, but, as Aristotle defines it, "the union of contrary principles having a ratio to each other." Harmony thus operates in the production of all that is beautiful in nature, whether in the combinations, in the motions, or in the affinities of the elements of matter. The contrary principles to which Aristotle alludes, are those of uniformity and variety; for, according to the predominance...
Page 6 - First, a constant reference to the best models of art necessarily tends to enervate the mind, to intercept our view of nature, and to distract the attention by a variety of unattainable excellence. An intimate acquaintance with the works of the celebrated masters may indeed add to the indolent refinements of taste, but will never produce one work of original genius, one great artist.
Page 4 - THE study of the true, the good, and the beautiful, has formed an important occupation of life in all highly civilized nations, and has been inculcated by the truest patriots and the highest philanthropists. Science, virtue, and beauty, form the noblest elements of creation, and of the human soul — they form the first objects of our national institutions, the highest elements of a national character, and the best themes of a national literature.