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* of foils, thou understandest the influences of the stars, • and markest the change of seasons.

Can a woman appear lovely in the eyes of such a one ? Disquiet me not, • Shalum; let me alone that I may enjoy those goodly poffeffions which are fallen to my lot. Win me not

by thy enticing words. May thy tree's increase and ? multiply; mayest thou add wood to wood, and shade

to shade; but tempt not Hilpa to destroy thy folitude, * and make thy retirement populous.'

The Chinese fay, that a little time afterwards the accepted of a treat in one of the neighbouring hills to which Shalum had invited her. This treat lasted for two years, and is said to have cost Shalum five hundred antelopes, two thousand ostriches, and a thousand tun of milk; but what most of all recommended it, was that variety of delicious fruits and pot-herbs, in which no person then living could any way equal Shaluin.

He treated her in the bower which he had planted amidst the wood of nightingales. The wood was made up of such fruit trees and plants as are most agreeable to the several kinds of singing- birds ; so that it had drawn into it all the music of the country, and was filled from one end of the year to the other with the most agreeable confort in season.

He shewed her every day some beautiful and forprising scene in this new region of wood-lands; and as by this means he had all the opportunities he could wish for of opening his mind to her, he succeeded so well, that upon her departure she made him a kind of promise, and gave him her word to return him a positive answer in less than

fifty years.

She had not been long among her own people in the Vallies, when she received new overtures, and at the same time a moft splendid visit from Mishpach, who was a mighty man of old, and had built a great city, which he called after his own name. Every house was made for at least a thousand years, nay, there were some that were leased out for three lives ; so that the quantity of stone and timber consumed in this building is scarce to be imagined by those who live in the present age of the world, This great man entertained her with the voice of musical instruments which had been lately invented, and danced VOL. VIII, K


before her to the sound of the timbrel. He also presented her with several domestic utensils wrought in brafs and iron, which had been newly found out for the conveniency of life. In the mean time Shalum grew very uneasy with himself, and was forely displeased at Hilpa for the reception which she had given to Mishpach, insomuch that he never wrote to her or spoke of her during a whole revolution of Saturn; but finding that this intercourse went no further than a visit, he again renewed his addresses to her, who, during his long silence, is said very often to have cast a wishing eye upon mount Tirzah.

Her mind continued warering about twenty years longer between Shalum and Alishpach; for though her inclinations favoured the former, her interest pleaded very powerfully for the other. While her heart was in this unsettled condition, the following accident happened, which determined her choice. A high tower of wood that stood in the city of Mippach having caught fire by a flash of lightning, in a few days reduced the whole town to alhes. Mishpach resolved to rebuild the place whatever it should cost him: and having already destroyed all the timber of the country, he was forced to have recourse to Skalum, whose forests were now two hundred years old. "He purchased these woods with so many herds of cattle, and flocks of sheep, and with such a vast extent of fields and pastures, that Shalum was now grown more wealthy than Nlishpach; and therefore appeared so charming in the eyes of Zilpah's daughter, that she no longer refused him in marriage. On the day in which he brought her up into the mountains he raised a most prodigious pile of cedar, and of every sweet-smelling wood, which reached above three hundred cubits. in height: he also cast into the pile bundles of myrrh and sheares of spikenard, enriching it with every spicy shrub, and making it fat with the

gums of his plantations. This was the burnt-offering which Shalum offered in the day of his espousals : the smoke of it ascended up to heaven, and filled the whole country with incense and perfume.


N° 5.86.

Friday, August 27.

-Quæ in vita usurpant homines, cogitant, curant, vident, quæque agunt vigilantes, agitantque, ea cui: que in fomno accidunt.

Cic. de Div.

The things, which employ mens waking thoughts and ac

tions, recur to their imaginations in sleep.

Y the last post I received the following letter, which is built upon a thought that is new, and very

well carried for which reasons I shall give it to the public without alteration, addition, or amendment.





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T was a good piece of advice which Pythagoras gave

to his scholars, that every night before they slept ' they should examine what they had been a doing that

day, and so discover what actions were worthy of pur• suit to-morrow, and what little vices were to be

prevented from flipping. unawares into a habit. If I might • second the philosopher's advice, it should be mine, that • in a morning before my scholar arose, he should consi• der what he had been about that night, and with the • same strictness, as if the condition he has believed him• self to be in, was real: Such a scrutiny into the ac* tions of his fancy must be of considerable advantage, for:

this reason, because the circumstances which a man ima- . gines himself in during sleep, are generally such as en• tirely favour his inclinations good or bad, and give hint

imaginary opportunities of pursuing them to the utmost; • fo that his temper will lie fairly open to his view, while che considers how it is moved when free from those.

constraints which the accidents of real life put it under. • Dreams are certainly the result of our waking thoughts, and our daily hopes and fears are what give the mind ' such nimble relishes of pleasure, and such severe touches

of pain in its midnight rambles. A man that murders 6 his enemy, or deserts his friend in a dream, had need i K 2


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my advice,

to guard his temper against revenge and ingratitude, and • take heed that he be not tempted to do a rile thing in

the pursuit of false, or the neglect of true honour. For • my part, I seldcni receive a benefit, but in a night or • two's time I make most noble returns for it ; which • though my benefactor is not a whit the better for, yet • ic pleases me to think that it was from a principle of gratitude in me, that my mind was susceptible of such

generous transport while I thought myself repaying the • kindness of my friend : and I have often been ready to • beg pardon, instead of returning an injury, after confi• dering, that when the offender was in my power I had carried my refentients much too far.

"I Think it has been observed in the course of your * papers, how much one's happiness or misery may depend upon the imagination : of which truth those strange

workings of fancy in fleep are no inconsiderable instan• ces; so that not only the advantage a man has of ma• king discoveries of himself, but a regard to his own ease ' or disquiet, may induce him to accept of • Such as are willing to comply with it, I shall put into

a way of doing it with pleasure, by observing only one * maxim which I shall give thein, viz. To go to bed with a mind entirely free from pasion, and a body clear of the least intemperunce.

' T'Hey indeed who can sink into sleep with their thoughts less calm or innocent than they should be, do .but plunge themselves into scenes of guilt and mifery; ' or they who are willing to purchase any midnight dif• quietudes for the satisfaction of a full meal, or a skin • full of wine ; these I have nothing to say to, as not • knowing how to invite them to reflections full of shame and

horror: but those that will observe this rule, I promise • them they shall awake into health and chearfulness, and • be capable of recounting with delight those glorious

moments, wherein the mind has been indulging itself in • such luxury of thought, such noble hurry of imagina

tion. Suppose a man's going supperless to bed fhonld • introduce him to the table of some great prince or other,

where he shall be entertained with the noblest marks of honour and plenty, and do so much business after, that " he shall rise with as good a stomach to his breakfast as


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• if he had fasted all night long; or suppose he should • see his dearest friends remain all night in great

distresses, which he could instantly have disengaged them • from, could he have been content to have gone to bed without the other bottle: believe me, these effects of

fancy are no contemptible consequences of commanding 'or indulging one's appetite.

I FORBEAR recommending my advice upon many other accounts, till I hear how


readers re• lish what I have already said ; among whom if there be any that may pretend it is useless to them, because they

never dream at all, there may be others, perhaps, who 6 do little else all day long. Were every one as sensible :

as I am what happens to him in his sleep, it would be no dispute whether we passed so considerable a portion of our time in the condition of stocks and stones, or whether the soul were not perpetually at work upon the principle of thought. However, it is an honest endeavour of mine to persuade my countrymen to reap

fome advantage from so many unregarded hours, and as such you will

encourage it. I SHALL conclude with giving you a sketch or two * of my way of proceeding.

' IF I have any business of consequence to do to-morrow, I am scarce dropt asleep to-night but I am in the * midst of it; and when awake I consider the whole

pro' cession of the affair, and get the advantage of the next day's experience before the sun has risen upon

it. “There is scarce a great post but what I have some « time or other been in; but my behaviour while I was • master of a college, fleases me so well, that whenever • there is a province of that nature vacant, I intend to step «in as soon as I can.

* I ĦAVE done many things that would not pass exa* mination, when I have had the art of flying or being inç.

visible; for which reason I am glad I am not possessed * of those extraordinary qualities.

. LASTLY, Mr SPECTATOR, I have been a great cor** respondent of yours, and have read many of my

let** ters in your paper which I never wrote you. If you to have a mind I should really be fo, I have got a parcel : * of vifions and other miscellanies in my noctuary, which;

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