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that he is the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending; that a thousand years are with him as one day, and one day as a thousand years; by which, and the like expresfions, we are taught, that his existence, with relation to time or duration, is infinitely different from the existence of any of his creatures, and confcqucntly that it is impossible for us to frame any adequate conceptions of it.

In the first revelation which he makes of his own being, he intitles himself, I ain that I an; and when 110ses desires to know what name he ihall give him in his embassy to Pharaoh, he bids him say that I am katė sent you.

Our great Creator, by this revelation of himself, does in a manner exclude every thing else from a real existence, and distinguishes himself from his creatures, as the only being which truly and really exists. The ancient Platonic notion, which was drawn from speculations of eternity, wonderfully agrees with this revelation which God has made of himself. There is nothing, say they, which in reality exists, whose existence, as we call it, is pieced up of past, present, and to come. Such a flitting and successive existence is rather a shadow of existence, and something which is like it, than existence itself. He only properly exists, whose existence is entirely present; that is, in other words, who exists in the most perfect manner, and in such a manner as we hare no idea of,

I SHALL conclude this speculation with one useful inference. How can we sufficiently prostrate ourselves, and fall down before our Maker, when we consider that incffable goodness and wisdom which contrived this existence for finite natures ? What must be the overflowings of that good-will, which prompted our Creator to adapt existence to beings in whom it is not necessary? especially when we consider that he himself was before in the complete poffesfion of existence and of happiness, and in the full enjoyment of eternity. What man can think of himself as called out and separated from nothing, of his being made a conscious, a reasonable, and a happy creature, in short, of being taken in as a sharer of existence, and a kind of partner in eternity, without being swallowed up in wonder, in praise, in adoration. It is indeed a thought too big for the mind of man, and rather to be entertained


in the secrecy of derotion, and in the silence of the soul, than to be expressed by words. The supreme Being has not given us powers or faculties sufficient to extol and magnify such unutterable goodness.

It is however some comfort to us, that we shall be always doing what we shall never be able to do, and that a work which cannot be finished, will however be the work of an eternity.

N° 591.

Wednesday, September 8.

-Tenerorum lufor amorum.

Ovid. Trift. eleg. 3. 1. 3. v. 73.

Love the soft subject of his sportive mufe.


HAVE jut received a letter from a gentleman, who

tells me he has observed, with no small concern, that my papers have of lute been very barren in relation to love; a subject which, when agreeably handled, can scarce fail of being will received by both sexes.

If my invention therefore should be almost exhausted on this head, he offers to serve under me in the quality of a Love-cafuift; for which place he conceives himself to be throughly qualified, having made this paffion his principal study, and observed it in all its different shapes and appearances, from the fifteenth to the forty-fifth year of

his age.

He assures me with an air of confidence, which I hope proceeds from his real abilities, that he does not doubt of giving judgment to the satisfaction of the parties concerned, on the most nice and intricate cases which can happen in an amour; as,

How great the contraction of the fingers must be before it amounts to a squeeze by the hand.

What can be properly termed an absolute denial from a maid, and what from a widow.

What advances a lover may presume to make, after having received a pat upon his thoulder from his mistress's



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Whether a lady, at the first interview, may allow an humble servant to kiss her hand.

How far it may be permitted to caress the maid in úrder to succeed with the mistress.

What constructions a man may put upon a smile, and in what cases a frown goes for nothing.

On what occasion a fhcepish look may do service, dc. As a farther proof of his skill, he has also sent me fe

al maxims in love, which he assures me are the result of a long and profound reflection, some of which I think myself obliged to communicate to the public, not remembering to have seen them before in any author.

'There are more calamities in the world arising from . love than from hatred.

* Love is the daughter of idleness, but the mother of disquietude.

* Men of grave natures (fays Sir Francis Bacon) are • the most conitant; for the same reason men thould be

constant than women. "The gay part of mankind is most amorous, the scrious most loving.

'A COQUETTE often loses her reputation, while she * preserves her virtue.

· A PRUDE often preserves her reputation when she has « lost her virtue.

'Love refines a man's behaviour, but makes a woman's ridiculous,

'Love is generally accompanied with good-will in the young, interest in the middle aged, and paflion too gross to name in the old.

-The endeavours to revive a decaying passion gene• rally extinguish the remains of it.

* A WOMAN who from being a flattern becomes overneat, or from being over-ncat becomes a flattern, is . most certainly in love.'

I Shall make use of this gentleman's skill, as I see occasion; and fince I am got upon the subject of love, shall conclude this paper with a copy of verses which were lately sent me by an unknown hand, as I look upon them to be above the ordinary run of sonneteers.

The author tells me they were written in one of his de{pairing fits; and, I find, entertains some hope that his mi


Itress may pity such a passion as he has described, before
the knows that she is herself Corinna.
Conceal, fond man, conceal the mighty smart,

Nor tell Corinna fhe has fir'd thy heart.
In vain wouldnt thou complain, in tuin pretend
To ask a pity which she must not lend.
She's too much thy superior to comply,
And too too fair to let thy pasion die.
Languish in secret, and with dumb furprise
Drink the refiftless glances of her eyes.
At awful distance entertain thy grief;
Be fill in pain, but never ask relief.
Ne'er tempt her scorn of thy consumning state;

any way undone, but fly her hate.
Thou must subunit to see thy charmer bless
Scine happier youth that shall admire her lefs;
Who in that lovely form, that beav’nly mind,
Shall miss ten thousand beauties thou couldnt fir.d;
IV bo with low fancy shall approach her charms,
H'bile half enjoy'd the links into his arms.
She knows not, must not know, thy nobler fire,
Whom me, and whom the mufes do inspire ;
Her image only Mall thy breast employ,
fnd fill thy captiv’d foil with shades of joy ;
Direct thy dreams by night, thy thoughts by dag :
And never, ilever, from thy bofoon fray.

N° 592.

Friday, Septcrriber 10.

-Studium fine divite vena.

Hor. Ars poet. V. 409. Art without a vein.


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LOOK upon the playhouse as a world within it

felf. They have lately furnished the middle region of it with a new set of meteors, in order to give the sub

modern tragedies. I was there last winter, at the first rehearsal of the new thunder, which is much more deep and sonorous than any hitherto made use of.


lime to many

They have a Sulmoners behind the scenes, who plays it off with great success. Their lightnings are made to Hath more briskly than heretofore: their clouds are also better furbelowed, and more voluminous; not to mention a 'violent storm locked up in a great chest, that is designed for the Tempest. They are also provided with above a dozen showers of snow, which, as I am informed, are the plays of many unsuccessful poets artificially cut and fhreaded for that use. Ur Rymer's Edgar is to fall in Inow at the next acting of king Lear, in order to heighten, or rather to alleviate, the distress of that unfortunate.prince; and to serve by way of decoration to a piece 'which that great critic has written against.

I do not indeed wonder that the actors should be such professed enemies to those among our nation who arc commonly known by the name of critics, since it is a rule among these gentlemen, to fall upon a play, not because it is ill written, but because it takes. Several of them lay it down as a maxim, that whatever dramatic performance has a long run, must of necessity be good for nothing; as though the first precept in poetry were nat to please. Whether this rule holds good or not, I shall leave to the determination of those who are better judges than myself; if it does, I am sure it tends very much to the honour of those gentlenien who have established it; few of their pieces having been disgraced by a run of threc days, and most of them being so exquisitely written, that the town would nerer give them more than one night's hearing.

I HAVE a great esteem for a true critic, such as Aristotle and Longines among the Greeks, Horace and Quiniiliun

among the R97ans, Boileau and Dacier among the French. But it is our misfortune, that some who set lip for professed critics among us are so stupid, that they do not know how to put ten words together with elegance or common propriety, and withal so illiterate, that they have no taste of the kained languages, and therefore criticise upon old anthors only at fecond hand. 'They judge of them by what others have written, and not by any notions they have of the authors themselves. The words unity, action, sentiment, and di&ion, pronounced with an air of authority, give them a figure among unlearned VoL, VIII.


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