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To fear, fojustly grounded, no remedy can be proposed; but a man (who hath no great guilt hanging upon his mind, who walks in the plain path of justice and integrity, and yet either by natural complexion, or confirmed prejudices, or neglect of serious reflection, suffers himself to be noved by this abject and unmanly passion) would do well to consider, that there is nothing which deserves his fear, but that beneficent Being who is his friend, his protector, his father. Were this one thought strongly fixed in the mind, what calamity would be dreadful ? What load can infamy lay upon us when we are sure of the approbation of him who will repay the disgrace of a moment with the glory of eternity? What sharpness is there in pain and diseases, when they only hasten us on to the pleasures that will never fade ? What sting is in death, when we are assured that it is only the beginning of life? A man who lives so, as not to fear to die, is inconsistent with himself, if he delivers himself up to any incidental anxiety.

THE intrepidity of a just good man is so nobly set fortha. by Horace, that it cannot be too often repeated.

The man refolv'd and steady to his truft,
Inflexible to ill, and obstinately just,
May the rude rabble's infolence despise,
Their senseless clamours, and tumultuous cries;
The tyrant's fierceness he beguiles,

And the stern brow, and the harsh voice defies,
And with. superior greatness (miles.

Not the rough whirlwind, that deforms
Adria's black gulf, and vexes it with storms,
The stubborn virtue of his foul can move ;
Not the red arm of angry Jove, .
That flings the thunder from the sky,
And gives it rage to roar, and strength to fly. .

Should the whole frame of nature round kim break, .
In ruin' and confusion burld,
He, unconcern'd, would hear the mighty crack,
And stand secure amidst a falling world.

The vanity of fear may be yet farther illustrated, if : we reflect,


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First, What we fear may not come to pass. No human scheme can be so accurately projected, but some little circumstance intervening may {poil it. He who directs the heart of man at his pleasure, and understands the thoughts lorg before, may by ten thousand accidents, or an inmediate change in the inclinations of men, disconcert the most fubile project, and turn it to the benefit of his own servants.

In the next place we should consider, though the evil we imagine should come to pass, it may be much more supportable than it appeared to be. As there is no prosperous state of life without its calamities, so there is no adversity without its benctits. All the great and powerful, if they do not feel the fangs of envy

and ambition. Inquire of the poor and needy, if they have not tasled the sweets of quiet and contentment.

Even under the pains of body, the infidelity of friends, or the misconstructions put upon our laudable actions, our minds (when for some time accustomed to these pressures) are sensible of secret flowings of comfort, the present reward of a pious resignation. The erils of this life appear like rocks and precipices, rugged and barren at a distance, but at our nearer approach, we sind little fruitful spots, and refreshing springs, mixed with the harshness and deformities of nature.

In the last place, we may comfort ourselves with this consideration; that, as the thing feared may not reach uis, so we may not reach what we fear.

Our lives may not extend to that dreadful point which we have in view. He who knows all our failings, and will not suffer us to be tempted beyond our strength, is often pleased in his tender severity to separate the foul from its body and miferics together.

If we look forward to him for help, we shall ncver be in danger of falling down those precipices which our imagination is apt to create. Like those who walk upon a line, if we keep our eye fixed upon one point, we may step forward securely; whereas an imprudent or cowardly glance on either side will infallibly destroy us.


N° 616.

Friday, November 5.

Qui bellus homo eft, Cotte, pufillus homo eft.

Mart. Epig. 10. 1. 1.

A pretty fellow is lutl.clf a man,

CICERO hath observed, that a jeft is never uttered

with a better grace, than when it is accompanied with a serious countenance.

When a pleasant thought plays in the features, before it discovers itself in words, it raifts too great an expectation, and loses the advantage of giving surprise. Wit and humour are no less poorly recommended by a levity of phrase, and that kind of language which may be distinguished by the name of Cant. Ridicule is never more strong, than when it is concealed in gravity. True humour lies in the thought, and arises from the representation of images in odd circumstances, and uncommon lights. A pleasant thought ftrikes us by the force of its natural beauty: and the mirth of it is generally rather palled, than heightened by that ridiculous phraseology, which is so much in fashion among

the tenders to humour and pleasantry. This tribe of men are like our mountebanks; they make a man a wit, by putting him in a fantastic habit.

Our little burlesque authors, who are the delight of ordinary readers, generally abound in these pert phrases, which have in them more vivacity than wit.

I LATELY saw an instance of this kind of writing, which gave me so lively an idea of it, that I could not forbear begging a copy of the letter from the gentleman who shewed it to me.

It is written by a country wit, upon the occasion of the rejoicings on the day of the king's coronation.


Pajt two o'clock and - Dear JACK,

a frosty morning. HAVE just left the right worshipful and his myr


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'magiftracy was pretty well disguisca before I gave them

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• the hip. Our friend the alderman was half seas over « before the bonefire was out. We had with us the at

torney, and two or three other bright fellows. The .doctor plays least in fight.

“At nine o'clock in the evening we set fire to the whore of Babylon. The devil acted his part to a mi

racle. He has made his fortune by it. We equipp'd 'the young dog with a tester a-piece. Honest old Brown

of England was very drunk, and showed his loyalty to • the tune of a hundred rockets. The mob drank the

king's health on their marrow bones, in mother Day's • double. They whipped us half a dozen hogsheads.

Poor Tom Tyler had like to have been demolished with 'the end of a sky-rocket, that fell upon the bridge of his 'nose as he was drinking the king's health, and spoiled • his tip. The mob were very loyal till about midnight, ' when they grew a little mutinous for more liquor. • They had like to have dumfounded the justice; but his

clerk came in to his aslistance, and took them all down in black and white.

"When I had been huzza'd out of my seven senses, I • made a visit to the women, who were guzzling very

comfortably. Mrs Mayoress clipped the king's English. , • Clack was the word.

I FORGOT to tell thee, that every one of the poffe had his hat cocked with a distich: the fenators fent us • down a cargo of ribbon and metre for the occasion.

"Sir Richard, to fhew his zeal for the Protestant religion, is at the expence of a tar-barrel and a ball. I

peeped into the knight's great hall, and saw a very pret• ty bevy of spinsters. My dear ieliet was amongst them,

and ambled in a country-dance as notably as the best of • them.

“May all his majesty's liege subjects love him as well * as his good people of this his ancient borough. Adieu.'



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N° 617.

Monday, November 8.

Torva Nlimalloneis impleruat cornua bombis,
Et raptum vitulo caput ablatura fuperbo
Basaris, et lyncem Nanas flexura corymbis,
Evion ingeminat; reparabilis adfonat echo.

Perf. fat. 1. V. 104,

Their crooked horns the Mimallonian crew
With blasts inspir'd; and Baffaris, who flow
The scornful calf, with sword advanc'd on high,
Made from his neck his haughty head to fly.
And Mænas, when, with ity-bridles bound,
She led the spotted lynx, then Evion rung around,
Evion from woods and foods repairing echoes found.



paper; the

HERE are two extremes in the ftile of humour;

one of which consists in the use of that little pert phraseology which I took notice of in my last Ciher in the affectation of itrained and pompous expresfions, fetched from the learned languages. The first favours too much of the town; the other of the college.

As nothing illustrates better than example, I shall here present my reader with a letter of pedantic humour, which was written by a young gentleman of the university to his friend, on the same occasion, and from the same place, as the lively epistle published in my last Spectator.

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· Dear Chuni, T is now the third watch of the night, the greatest

part of which I have spent round a capacious bowl of china, filled with the choicest products of both the Indies. I was placed at a quadrangular table, diametrical• ly opposite to the mace-bearer. The visage of that ve• nerable herald was, according to custom, most gloriously • illuminated on this joyful occasion. The mayor and al• dermen, those pillars of our constitution, began to tot* ter; and if any one at the board could have fo far arti


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