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tire to fuch means, as shall be proposed to them for that end. The idle, who are neither wise for this world, nor the next, are emphatically called by Dr Tillstfon, fools at large. They propofe to themelies no end, but run 2drift with every wind. cvice therefore would be but thrown away upon the..l, fince they would scarce take the pains to read it. Ithall not ftige any of this worthless tribc with a long berangue, but will leave them with this incrt sayinof Pl.ité, tha: labo:!r is prefera!!e to idleFless, as brightness to ruft.
THE pu:duits of tracire part of mankind are either in the pat!:s of religion and iirty; cr, cr the other hand, in the roads to weal:h, honours, or pleasure. I shall therefore compare the pursuits (if ararice, ambition, an! sensual delight, with their oppofito virties; and shall consider which of thcle principles engages men in a course of the greatest labour, fuffring, and alicuity. Most men, in their cool reasonings, are willing to allow, that a course of virtue will in the end be rewarded the most amply ; it reprefeat the way to ii 25 rugged and narrow. lf therefore it can be made appar, thatincnftruggle through as many troubles to be miserablc, as thcy do to be happy, my readers may perhaps be perfuaded to be good, when they find they shall lose nothing by it.
FIRST, for avarice. "I he miser is more industrious than the saint: the pains cé geiting, the fears of losing, and the inability of cnjoying his wealth, have been the mark of satire in all ages. Were his reperitance upon his neglect of a good bargaini, his forrow for being overroached, his hope of inproving a fun, and his fear of falling into want, directed to their proper objects; they wculd make so many different Christian graces and virtues. He may apply to himself a great part of St Paul's catalogue of sufferings. In journeying often; in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils among false breihren. In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often-At how much less expense might he lay up to himself treasures in heaven? or if I may, in this place, be allowed add the saying of a great philosopher, he may provide such pora Sesions, as fear neither ariis, nor nien, ner Jove himself
In the second place, if we look upon the toils of 3mbition, in the same light as we have confidered those of ararice, we shall readily own that far less trouble is requisite to gain lasting glory, than the power and reputation of a few years; or, in other words, we may with more case deserve licnour, than obtain it. The ambitious man Mould remember Cardinal Il'olfiy's complaint. “ Had I served God, with the same application, where' with I served my king, he would not hare forsaken me o in my
old age. The cardinal here foftens his ambition by th: fpecious pretence of ferving his king: whereas his words, in the proper constructior, iirply, that if instead! of being acted by ambition, he had been acted by religion, he should now have st!t the comforts of it, when the whole world turned its back upon hiin.
THRDLY, Let us co:npare the fairs of the fenfual. with those of the virtuous, and see which are heavier in the balance. It
mey seem ítrangc, at the first view, tha: the men of pleasure 1hould be advised to change thei: course, because they lead a painful life. Yet when we fee them fo active and vigilant in gucit of delight ; under so many disquiets, and the sport of such various paflions ; let them answer, as they can, if the pains they undergo do not outweigh thcir enjoyments. The infidelities on the one part between the two fexes, and the caprices on the other, the debasement of reason, the panys of expect:tion, the disappointments in poflession, the stings or remorse, the vanities and vexations attending even the moft reincd delights that make up this business of life, render it fo filly and uncomfortable, that no man is thought wise till he liath got over it, or happy, but in proportion as he hath cleared linself from it.
The sum of all is this. Van is made an active being. Whether he walks in the paths of virtue or vice, he is sure to meet with many difficulties to prove his patience, and excite his industry. The fame, if not greater labour, is required in the service of vice and folly, as of virtue and wisdom : and he hath this casy choice left him, whether, with the strength he is master of, he will purchafe happiness or repentance.
N° 625. Friday, November 26.
Hor. Od. 6. 1. 3. v. 23.
Love, from her tender years, ber thoughts employd.
H E love-casuist hath referred to me the following
stion, for my approbation. I have accordingly considered the several matters therein contained, and hereby confirm and ratify his answers, and require the gentle querist to conform herself thereunto. “SIR, WAS thirteen the ninth of No ember last, and must
now begin to think of settling myself in the world, « and so I would humbly beg your advice, what I must do < with Mr Fondle, who makes his addresses to me. He is ' a very pretty man, and hath the blackest eyes and whi« test teeth you ever saw. Though he is but a younger
brother, he dresses like a man of quality, and nobody comes into a room like him. I know he hath refused
great offers, and if he cannot marry me, he will never • have any body else. But my father hath forbid him the
house, because he sent me a copy of versus; for he is one of the greatest wits in town. My eldest sister, who, ' with her good-will, would call me Miss as long as I live, • must be married before me, they say. She tells them, • that Mr Fondle makes a fool of me, and will spoil the
child, as she calls me, like a confident thing as she is. • In short, I am resolved to marry Mr Fondle, if it be but
to spite her. But because I would do nothing that is imprudent, I beg of you to give me your answers to some questions I will write down, and desire you to get them printed in the SPECTATOR, and I do not doubt but
you will give such advice, as, I am sure, I shall follow.
"When Mr Fondle looks upon me for half an hour together, and calls me angel, is he not in love ?
May not I be certain he will be a kind husband, thit • has promised me halt my portion in pin-moncy, and to • keep me : coach and six in the bargain?
Ni • Whether I, who have been acquainted with him this whole year almołt, ani not a better judge of his merit, than
my father and mother, who never heard him talk, · but at table ?
• Whether I am noi old enough to chuse for mya felf?
No. " Whether it wouli lot hare been ad in me to rcfuse a lock of his hair? No.
• Should not I be a very barbarous creature, if I did not * pity a man who is always fighing for my fake?
• Whether you would not advise me to run away with • the poor man ?
do not think, that if I won't have him, she won't drown himself? No.
What shall I say to him the next time he asks me if • I will marry him?
The following letter requires neither introduction nor answer.
- Mr SPECTATOR, I :
WONDER that, in the present situation of affairs, ' for in a word, who minds any thing else? Tlc plca• sure of increasing in knowledge, and learning something new every hour of life, is the nobles en ertainment of rational creature.
I' have a very good tar for a fecret, and am naturally of a conmunicative comper; by 'which means I am capable of doing you great ferrices.
in this way.
In order to make myself useful, I am ear• ly in the antichamber, where I thrust my head into the · thick of the press, and catch the news, at the opening o of the door, while it is warm. Sometimes I stand by • the beef-caters, and take the buz as it passes by me. • At other times I lay my ear close to the wall, and suck ' in many a valuable whisper, as it runs in a straight line
from corner tu corner. When I am weary with standing, I repair to one of the neighbouring coffeehouses, where I fit fometinies for a whole day, and have the
news as it comes from court fresh and fresh. In short, 'Sir, I spare no pains to know how the world goes. A
piece of news loses its flavour when it hath been an hour • in the air. I love, if I may so speak, to have it fresh " from the tree; and to convey it to my friends before it ' is faded. Accordingly my expences in coach-hire make
small article ; which you may believe, when I affure you, that I post away from coffeehouse to coffeehouse, • and forestal the evening-post by two hours. There is
a certain gentleman, who hath given me the slip twice
or thrice, and hath been beforehand with me at Child's. • But I have played him a trick. I have purchased a pair • of the best coach-horses I could buy for money, and
now let him cutstrip me if he can. Once more, Mr Spectator, let me advise you to deal in news. You may depend on my affiftance. But I must break off abruptly, * for I have twenty letters to write.
Tours, in haste,
Monday, November 29.
-Dulcique animos novitate tenebo.
Ovid. Met, l. 4. v. 284.
With sweet novelty your taste I'll please.
HAVE seen a little work of a learned man, consisting of extemporary speculations, which owed their