Page images
PDF
EPUB

Cloberry, Colonel, sent to treat with

Fleetwood, i. 211; his interview
with the Earl of Shaftesbury, 213;
sent for by the Earl of Shaftesbury,

229.
Clotworthy, Sir John, distinguished

himself in parliament, i. 107 n.
Coke, Sir Edward, i. 68; informs

the king that the parliament had
granted him subsidies, 69 ; his pro.
position in the house, 71; carries a
message to the parliament from the
king, ib. ; remark concerning this
conduct, 73 n.; disapproves of the
alteration made in the petition to

the king, 74.
Colbert, M. his remark concerning

the Duke of Buckingham, i. 391;
his communication to his master, ii.
53 n. 86; letter from, to Louis

XVI. 192 n.
Coleman, Mr. Secretary to the Duke

of York, ii. 129 ; observations on

his trial, 195.
College, Stephen, trial of, ii. 301 ;

nicknamed the Protestant Joiner,

ib. ; executed, ib.
Colleton, Sir Peter, presents a petition

from Barbadoes planters, i. 410;

Lord Shaftesbury's letter to, ii. 100.
Cologne, Elector of, France in the

possession of his dominions, ii. 10.
Commons, House of, proceeds with

spirit to redress the public griev-
ances, i, 104 ; resolutions of, 109,
11); numerous petitions sent to,
122 ; inquiries into the conduct of
ministers in, 125; prosecutes the
Earl of Strafford, 125; certificate
required by Cromwell to enter,
169 n.; design of, to make Crom-
well king, 171; calls the authori.
ty of the house of lords in ques-
tion, 178; chooses Sir Harbottle
Grimstone speaker, 240; bills
passed by, 253; precipitation of,
254 ; obsequiousness of, to the
court, 281; resolution of, 285;
passes a bill to suppress seditious
conventicles, 293; passes the
Five-mile Act, 301 ; bigotry of,
against the dissenters, 377; passes
a bill against seditious conventicles,
385; votes a supply to the king,
ii. 50; address the king against
the declaration of indulgence, ib.

VOL. II.

Test Act brought in, ii. 60; passed,
61; presents an address to the king,
70, 103; attacks the ministers, ib.;
advice to the king, 104; extra-
ordinary spirit in, 112; breach
with the lords, 127 ; addresses the
king, 187; resolutions of, 240;
passes the exclusion bill, 242 ;
noble spirit in, 253; impeaches

Edward Fitzharris, 276.
Commons' Journals, extr. from, ii. 24.
Compton, Dr. endeavours to promote

the union of the protestants, ii. 255.
Condé, Prince of, French army on

the Rhine under the command of,

ii. 11.
Conquest, Colonel, employed by the

papists, ii. 78.
“ Constitutional History," extract

from, ii. 354 n.
Convention Parliament, meeting of

the, i. 240.
Convocation, continued under the

name of a Synod, i. 109 ; canons
made by them, 110; Lord Claren-
don's observations respecting them,

110 n.
Conway, Lord, abuses of the Irish

revenue made known to him, i.
363 ; his letter to Lord Ashley,

364; remarks on it, 367.
Cooke, Colonel, under the command

of the Earl of Shaftesbury, i. 148 ;
sent to seize the Earl of Shaftes-

bury, 214.
COOPER, SIR ANTHONY ASHLEY, FIRST

EARL OF SHAFTESBURY, writes his
own history, introd. i.3; his intimacy
with Mr. Locke, 4; anecdote of
him, 5 n.; passage from his own
history, 12; his attachment to
King Charles the Second, 13; par-
ticulars of him in Locke's works,
14; M. Le Clerc's character of
him, 17; numerous attacks upon
him, 19; his conduct as chancellor
celebrated in Dryden's satire, 20;
his charge against Sir Roger L'Es-
trange, 23; causes of Sir William
Temple's resentment against him,
24, 25; censures the treaty of
Nimeguen, 25; Bishop Burnet's
unfavourable opinion of him, 28.-
LIFE OF, parentage, 35 ; his edu-
cation first entrusted to Mr. Guer-
deau, 35; under the tuition of

ес

Mr. Fletcher, i. 35 n.; succeeds, on
the death of his father, to the title
of baronet, 36; schemes of his re-
lations to sell part of his estate,
ib. n.; his trustees committed to
the fleet, 37; his cause defended
by Mr. Noy, 38; commences a suit
against Mr. Tregonwell, 40; sent
to Exeter College, Oxford, 41 ;
entered of Lincoln's Inn, 41; his
spirited conduct, 42 ; his marriage,
43; accompanies Mr. Coventry
into Worcestershire, ib. ; his con-
juring tricks, 44; anecdotes of him,
44 n. 46 ; chosen one of the repre-
sentatives for Tewkesbury, 47; re-
view of the causes of the civil war,
49; his manuscript notices of, 115
n. 119 n. ; returns to Dorsetshire,
137; lays his plan before the king,
138; his scheme defeated by Prince
Maurice, 139; forms another plan,
140; his conduct misrepresented to
the king, 141; authority of the
account of his secession from the
king, 142 n. ; his generosity to Mr.
Holles, 144; his answer to the
commons, 144; remarks on his
conduct, 145; his penetration, 146
n. 147; command given him by
the parliament, 148; blockades
Corfe Castle, ib. ; appointed com-
mander-in-chief for the county of
Dorset, 149; attacks Abbotsbury,
ib.; surrendered to him, 150 ; in-
forms the parliament of his success,
151; marches to the relief of
Taunton Castle, ib.; force under
his command, 152 n.; quits his
military employments, 152; lives
in retirement in Dorsetshire, 153;
endeavours to dissuade Mr. Holles
from his design, 157; Cromwell's
speech to him, 159; secured by
the parliament as a delinquent,
162 ; pardoned, 163; Cromwell's
unsuccessful attempts to conciliate
him, 163 ; his conduct at the con-
vention, 164; returned for the
county of Wilts, 165; his exer-
tions in parliament, 166 ; excluded
from the house, 167 ; again re-
turned for the county of Wilts,
169; draws up a protestation, 170;
Bishop Burnet's mistakes concern-
ing biñ corrected, 172 ; his hopes

of the restoration, i. 176; chosen a
member of parliament, 177 ; his
speech, 178; character of it, 198
n.; alarm which it created, 199 ;
appointed one of the council of
state, 202 n.; did not sit in it, 203
n.; General Monk's letter to him,
204 n.; council of state jealous of
him, 205 ; examined before the
council, ib. ; released, 206; Mr.
Locke's account of his conduct, 208
n.; examined by Fleetwood, 209 n.
214; diligent search made after
him, 210 n. ; his advice to Monk,
210; procures a meeting with Monk's
commissioners, 212 ; his activity for
the parliament, 213; gains Admiral
Lawson over to the Parliament, 215,
216 ; appointed one of the com-
missioners of the forces, 216 ; his
contrivance to dissolve Lambert's
army, 217; Mr. Locke's account
of it, 218 n.; admitted to his seat
in the house of commons, ib.;
anecdote of him; 219 n.; encou-
rages General Monk to come to
London, 220; his friendship for
him, 221; his great talent, 222 1.;
informed of the meeting of the
council in Whitehall, 223; refused
admittance, although a member,
224; his remonstrances to General
Monk, 225; anecdote of him, 226;
design to imprison him, 228; coun-
teracts it, 229; persuades General
Monk to restore the secluded mem-
bers, 230; his answer to Sir Arthur
Haslerigge, ib. ; appointed one of
the new council of state, 231 ; in-
formed of General Monk's scheme,
234 ; defeats it, ib. 236 n.; draws
up an establishment of the army,
236 ; of the navy, 238 ; letter to
him from Admiral Montague, ib. ;
his exertions to prevent any future
relapse in General Monk, 239;
one of the committee to draw up
an answer to the king's letter, 241;
chosen one of the commissioners to
the king from the commons, 243;
honours conferred upon him by the
king, 245 ; accident which befel
him, 245 n. ; the king's acknow-
ledgment that the restoration was
chiefly owing to him, 246; ap-
pointed privy counsellor, ib. n. ;

his generosity to the Wallop family,
i. 247; his services to the Queen of
Bohemia, 248 ; contributes to the
demolition of the court of wards,
ib. ; participates in the trial of the
regicides, 251 ; opposes the corpo-
ration bill, 255; strenuous against
several clauses in the Uniformity
Bill, 260; one of the managers in
the conferences between the two
houses, 263; principles of, ib.;
opposes the sale of Dunkirk, 278;
supports Lord Roberts’ Bill, 284;
his opinion of the Act of Uniformity,
285; an enemy to persecution, 287;
jealous of Lord Clarendon, 288;
his intimacy with Lord Southamp-
ton, ib.; appointed under trea-
surer and chancellor of the exehe-
quer at the restoration, 289; his
conduct as chancellor of the exche-
quer, ib.; Bishop Burnet's rerjark
concerning him, ib. n.; promotes
trade and commerce, 290 ; receives
an acknowledgment from the trad-
ers of Newfoundland, 291 ; favours
the woollen manufactory, 292 ; in-
quires into the state of the navy,
293 ; recovers the Forest of Dean,
ib. ; a manager for the lords in the
conferences between the houses,
294 ; appointed treasurer of the
prizes, 296 ; his care and exactness
in that office, 297; his abhorrence
of persecution, 298; supports the
bill for liberty of conscience, 299;
opposes the Five-mile Act, 302 ; un-
dergoes an operation, 303; his
sketch of the character of the Hon.
William Hastings, 307 ; his atten-
tion to foreign affairs, 311; dis-
suades the king from the war with
Hamburgh,315; memorial presented
to him, ib. ; his aversion to the
designs of France, 320; observa-
tion concerning him in the “Bi-
bliothèque Choisie,"ib.n; proposes
terms of peace with Holland, 321,
322; one of the commissioners to
execute the office of lord high trea-
surer, 323; forms the instructions
for the treaty with Spain, 324; re-
ceives a letter from the States Ge-
neral, 325; opposes Lord Claren-
don's imprisonment, 329; favourite
maxim of, 336; one of the commit-

tee of council, i. 338 n.; described
by Father Orleans as a vast genius,
351 ; one of the cabinet council,
359; probability of his being the
first proposer of the triple alliance,
360; letter to him, 361 n. ; his
orders to Lord Conway respecting
the Irish revenue, 363, Lord Con-
way's letter to him, 364 ; zealous
for the preservation of Ireland,
367 ; his manner of advising the
king, 368 ; King Charles's remark
concerning him, ib. n.; his letter
to the king, 369; effect of his re-
monstrances upon the king, 376;
points out the necessity of a general
registry, ib. n. ; his representations
to the king concerning trade, 377;
proposes a council of trade, 380;
presents the king with a list, 381;
charge made against him by the
French merchants, 382 ; his recep-
tion of the Prince of Tuscany, 383 ;
his movement in the lords, ib.;
one of the committee to examine
the reasons for the decay of rent,
384 ; his conduct in the alliance
between the French and English
courts, 391 ; his embarrassed cir-
cumstances, 392 ; refuses any pre-
sent from France, 393 ; a mem-
ber of the Cabal administration,
396; remark in one of his let-
ters, 397 ; his representations to
the king, 399 ; discovers the king's
religion, 402 ; his conversation with
the Duke of Buckingham, 403;
with the Earl of Lauderdale, 404;
his conduct in council, 405; ad.
dresses himself to the Earl of Ro-
chester, 406 ; his application to the
German princes, ib. ; endeavours
to stop the Sugar Bill, 409; his
report, 410; reports an opinion of
the committee, 411; loss of the
Subsidy Bill imputed to him, 412;
reprimanded by the king, 413 n.;
accused of advising the shutting up
the exchequer, 414; his reasons
against it, 415 ; charge against in
a pamphlet published by the popish
party, 417 ; his letter to Mr. Locke
in answer, 418; remarks upon it,
421; the Duke of Ormond's remark
in favour of him, 422 ; his reply to
Lord Chancellor Finch, 423 ; his
character vindicated, i. 424 ; agrees
to Sir Thomas Clifford's proposal,
426 ; his reasons for supporting it,
428, 430; desists from paying
money into the exchequer, ii. 2;
scheme of the papists to make him
lord treasurer, 3; advanced to the
earldom of Shaftesbury, 4; declines
the offer of the white staff, ib. 5;
his design to exclude the Duke of
York from the succession, 6; his
intimacy with Mons. Schrotter, ib.;
energy of his mind, 11 ; appointed
president of the council of trade,
12; made lord chancellor, ib.; his
letter to the Earl of Essex, 14 n.;
his conduct as chancellor, 15; his
procession to Westminster, 18; his
speech at the swearing in of Lord
Clifford, 19; his respect for the
memory of Lord Southampton, ib.;
eulogium upon the king, 20; his
integrity as chancellor of the ex-
chequer, ib.; his quick repartees,
21; instances of his wit, ib.; his
gallantry, ib. n.; anecdote of him,
22; the king's commands to him,
ib.; Bp. Burnet’s remarks upon his
proceedings, ib.; his conduct in the
issuing writs for election, 26 n.;
his views in submitting to them,
27 ; his conduct understood by bis
friends, 28; instance of his great
spirit, 29; his conduct to the Duke
of York, 30; complains of his in-
fluence, 31 n.; offensive expression
in his speech, 32; reflected on by
Bishop.Burnet for it, 41 ; observa-
tions respecting it, 42; expresses
his dissatisfaction to his friends
concerning it, 45 ; apology offered
by his friends for him, 47 n.; ho-
nours paid to him by the Dutch,
47; his advice to the king, 48;
speaks against proroguing the par-
líament, 51; Colbert's communi-
cation concerning him, 53 n.; re-
marks on his speech, 54, 55; at
the head of a violent party, 56 ;
acts in opposition to the court, ib.;
Rapin's account of his conduct, ib. ;
contradictory statements respecting
him, 58; presses the king to cancel
the declaration, 59; his speech to
the lords, 60; bill brought into the
house of commons by his advice,
ib. ; strenuous for the Test Act, 61 ;

his exertions for the protestant re-
ligion, ï. 61 ; his advice to Sir
Thomas Osborne, 63, 64 ; obnoxi-
ous to the papists, 65; foments a
breach between the Jesuits and
Jansenists, 66; copies of Sir Ellis
Leigbton's papers procured for him,
ib.; his free advice to the king, 67;
opposes the Duke of York's mare
riage, 68; his advice to the parlia-
ment, ib.; his speech, 69; popish
junto irritated against him, 71 ; bis
conversation with the king, 73 ; his
advice to him, 74; his remark to
Mr. Stringer, 75; freedom of his
speech to the king, ib.; entertains
him in conversation, 76; delivers
the seals to Mr. Secretary Coventry,
77 ; respect paid to him, 78 ; at-
tempt to make a charge against
him, ib.; designs of his enemies in
making him chancellor, 79; his
behaviour during his chancellor-
ship, 80; desired the opinions of
the eminent counsellors on his re-
gulations, 81 ; title of them, 82 r.;
his letter to Sir Harbottle Grim-
stone, 82 ; review of his conduct,
83; refuses a bribe from the French
king, 87, 88; his conduct compared
with the chancellor of Charles V.,
89; desires an audience with the
king, 91 ; his attention to the trade
of England, 93; his activity in the
establishment of South Carolina,
94; letters concerning it, 95, 98 ;
instance of his affection for it, 97;
openly opposes the measures of the
court, 100; vindication of his con-
duct, 101 ; his generous feelings,
103; promotes a bill for better
securing the liberty of the sub-
ject, 105; retires to his seat in
Dorsetshire, ib. ; reports to lessen
his popularity, 106; solicitous for
a new parliament, 108; his letter
to the Earl of Carlisle, 109; Ra-
pin's remarks concerning him, 112;
proofs of his knowledge, 113; op-
poses the bill to prevent the dangers
which may arise from persons dis-
affected to the government, 115;
draws up protests against it, 116;
opposes the amendment in, 117;
his reply to the bishops, 118;
commences an improvement in the
liturgy, 121 n. ; King Charles's re-
mark concerning him, ii. 122; anec-
dote of him, 123; raises a differ-
ence in the houses, 126; earnest for
a dissolution, 128; affronted by Lord
Digby, 130; the Earl of Bristol's
charge against him, 131 ; declared
groundless, ib. ; his disagreements
with Lord Arundel, ib. n. ; his
speech on Dr. Shirley's appeal,
132; his jealousy of the greatness
of France, 151 ; prevails on the
peers to maintain their judicature,
152; his representations, 153;
draws up a protest, 154 ; pamphlet
against him, 155; accusations
against him in, 156; junto resolved
to remove him, 157 ; bis activity in
the Duke of Buckingham's pro-
posal, 159 ; sentenced to the Tower,
ib. ; refuses to plead guilty, 161;
his application to the king's bench,
165; his speech in the court, 166;
detained in close confinement, 171;
request of, ib. n.; letters written
by him — to the king, 173; to
the Duke of York, 175; petitions
the house of lords, 177, 178; de-
bate on his appeal to the king's
bench, 178; exertions for his re-
lease, 179; Lord Salisbury's letter
to him, ib.; again petitions the lords,
180; brought to the bar, ib.; makes
his submission, 181, 182 ; resolu-
tion of the lords concerning him,
183; general joy on his release,
185; his sentiments concerning a
peace with France, 186 : procures
an address to the king from the
commons, 187; exerts himself in
the debate upon it, 188; vindica-
tion of his opposition to the court,
ib. ; his conduct on the trial of the
Earl of Pembroke, 190 ; bis zeal
in discovering the authors of the
popish plot, 192; chairman of the
committee on the trial of Mr.
Prance, ib.; accusations against
him in a pamphlet, 193; Bishop
Burnet's charges against him, ib. ;
reflections on, 194; observation of,
195; procures several bills, 198;
his design of a bill of exclusion,
199 ; his speech on the meeting of
the new parliament, 200, 201;
remarks upon it, 206: Rapin's ob-
servations on it, 207; appointed

president of the new council, ii. 208;
Sir William Temple's aversion to
bim, 210; his accusations against
him, 212; against the expedients
of the council, 213; difference of
his political views from those of Sir
William Temple, 214 ; Rapin's
observations concerning him, 216;
draws up the Habeas Corpus Act,
218; reports the conference con-
cerning it, 220; passed through
him, 221 ; his activity in the new
parliament, 222; his movement in
council, 223; calls a council, ib.;
turned out from the presidency,
224; attempts to assassinate him
by Dangerfield, 225; nicknamed
Alderman Shiftsbury, ib. n.; bis
life attempted by Mrs. Cellier, 226;
Francisco de Faria's deposition con-
cerning him, 228 ; promotes the
petitions for the meeting of parlia-
ment, 229; in frequent consultation
with the members of the council,
232 ; his paper of advice to them,
ib.; his friendship for the Earl of
Essex, 235; presents the Duke of
York as a popish recusant, 236 ;
subscribes the reasons for the in-
dictment, 237. 239; speaks in
favour of the exclusion bill, 242 ;
remarks upon it, 243 ; his speech
in a debate on the king's speech,
244 ; remarks upon it, 252 ; sends
his speeches to the press himself,
253 n.; endeavours to unite the
protestants, 254; Father Orleans'
reflections on him, 255; design to
impute the popish plot to him, 257;
draws up a petition to the king,
259; his activity in the elections,
265; draws up instructions for one
of the counties, 266 ; goes armed to
parliament, 268 ; brings in a bill to
repeal the stat. 35 Eliz. ib.; his
motion respecting, 270; reply of,
272 ; draws up a protest, 280; his
project to place the Duke of Mon-
mouth on the throne, 281; his
remark, 283 ; proposes continuing
to sit in defiance of the king, 284 ;
violent titles given to him, 285 ;
ridiculous story concerning him,
286; apprehended and examined
before the king, ib.; draught of
association found among his papers,

« PreviousContinue »