Time, Science, and Society in China and the West
For the first fifteen centuries of Western civilization, the Chinese were far ahead of Europe in applying their knowledge of nature to useful purposes. Why, then, did modern mathematized science, with all its implications for advanced technology, rise meteorically in Renaissance Europe rather than in China? Prompted by this observation, Joseph Needham explored the paradox three decades ago in what he termed "The Scientific Revolution Problem."
This collection of original papers continues the exploration. Focusing on the idea and experience of time, twenty-four scholars from China and the West speak of the different aspects of cultural life and tradition that favored the creation of mathematized science in Europe and discouraged such development in China.
An understanding of this cultural history is of interest to modern China, which labors to join the advanced scientific and technological communities of the world. It is also of interest to those concerned with the position of science and technology in the West, since a comparative interpretation of the origins of Western advances helps identify the many problems those very advances have created.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
J T Frasers Levels of Temporality as Cognitive Representations
The NonChinese World
A Study in the Origins of Western Thought
Time Technology Religion and Productivity Values in Early Modern Europe
The Fate of an Idea
With Comments on SoCalled Cyclic Time
The Evolution of Chinese Science and Technology
Cultural and Intellectual Attitudes That Prevented the Spontaneous Emergence of Modern Science in China
Progressive and Regressive Time Cycles in Taoist Ritual
A Brief Analysis
Temporal Order and Synchronous Events
Zi Wu Flow Theory and Time
China and the West
Space and Time in Chinese Verse
The Shape of Time in African Music
Temporal Linearity and Nonlinearity in Music
Humanities and the Experiences of Time
On the Limits of Empirical Knowledge in the Traditional Chinese Sciences
Biographical Notes on the Contributors
Constitution and ByLaws of the International Society for the Study of Time
abstract African music ancient archaeology Aristotle aspects astronomical Bacon basic metaphors beginning causal China Chinese poetry Chinese science classical concept Confucian correspond cosmological cultural cycle cyclic divine dynamic Dynasty early earth entity epistemology eternity Europe evolution example existence experience Five Phases Flow Theory function Greek hemiola Huangdi neijing human Ibid indeterminacy inner integrative levels J. T. Fraser Joseph Needham kind knowledge Kpelle levels of temporality linear mathematical means measurement medicine method mind Mo Zi modern Mohist motion Neijing nonlinearity organization Parmenides past pattern period phenomena philosophy physics Plato poetry prediction present principle Qi-Blood quantum reality rhythm scale science and technology scientific sense sexagenary cycle Shanghan lun Shen Shen Kua Sivin social Society Song Dynasty space spatial structure Taoist things thought three-age system timeless tradition umwelt understanding University Press West Western Zhu Xi
Page 29 - The single man for himself possesses the essence of man neither in himself as a moral being nor in himself as a thinking being. The essence of man is contained only in the community and unity of man with man; it is a unity, however, which rests only on the reality of the distinction between I and thou.