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never wished do any thing which he did not do," and that “ he considered advice an insult to his under standing."-In conversation, he was backward and sluggish, seldom rising above mediocrity ; in epistolary communication, common-place; in historical writing, neither profound nor original; in debate alone, he often rose above all competition, especially in bursts of indescribable power; but as an orator, in the higher and more extended sense of the word, whose outpourings are worthy to live and will live, he was on all great occasions much excelled by Burke. The bent of his mind in polítics, was to great things rather than to the more com mon ; to what was imposing and theoretically perfect, rather than to what was useful and applicable he caught eagerly at the bold and the splendid, at daring novelties and plausible generalities, without sufficiently considering, or caring for, the difficulties opposed to their being carried into effect. No one knew men better in every-day life ; but he did not so well know man, when placed in uncommon and untried situations.

A remarkable distinction between him and Burke was, that the latter, though educated like a philosopher, and often teaching with the wisdom of one, rejected all theory opposed to experience, in treating of the practical business of the state. While Fox, brought up as a man of the world, and always declaiming as such, appeared in practicè often inclined to play the mere philosopher. Though equally grand in his views, he had not the knowledge, the caution, the penetration of Burke,

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to foresee their results. - What he clearly saw, no man could better describe, but his eye did not take in the whole moral horizon; he was impatient of that labour of meditation and calculation which distinguished his celebrated friend and political instructor... I listesi 11 min 1.13

") By many persons, his political life has been called a failure; inasmuch as he attained for no time that power for which he had all his life contended; as the credit of opposing the American war was chiefly due to Burke as principal, and to his constant teaching and prompting ; -as on the question of the French Revolution he was overpowered by the latter both at the moment of contest ''and in the ultimate results, and left a leader almost without a party, a general - without an army; public opinion having then, and ever since, cast the strongest reflections on his political wis, dom and general conduct.

in Jun Bitlis 9,Much also has been said of his opposition to the + 'cause of America, to that of the Dissenters, to that of Mr. Wilkes, to the rights of Juries, and in fact to every popular topic between 1769 and 1774; of his coalitions, his sacrifices sometimes to popularity, sometimes to obtain party superiority, as indicative of continual inconsistencies of conduct'; and

that in fact Lord North made him a patriot by - dismissing him with circumstances of personal

indignity, from being a Lord of the Treasury!" "}; Let it be remembered, however, that he was then

young; neither let us press public men too hardly on the point of seeming inconsistency." They are

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believed by the people to sin in this respect much more than they themselves cán admits, or iconiscientiously believe; and the reason is, that the schange or unodification of opinion proceeds in their minds gradually and imperceptibly to its completion, while to the public, who know nothing of the operation going on, it comes suddenly and unex. spectedly.ini's Bislim Alin tiwit -110 But after all, is there any point on which a statesman may not conscientiously think differently at different times? . Is there one who has all his dife;o in office and out of office, expressed precisely the same sentiments upon all the same subjects ? -Is there a man of any description whose, opinions, i on many topics, have not, at some period of his 1 life, changed ? He who says the contrary deceives himself, or wishes to deceive others, ut

The --human mind does not start into maturity at once

armed at all points like Minerva from the head of Jupiter; it is progressive in the attainment of wisisdom; and though the last actions of our lives may t',not be the wisest, there is as little doubt that men

generally, as they advance in life, become wiser. blueIn this year Mr. Richard Burke re-visited Gre- i nada. The domestic affections of Edmund, which b were always particularly sensitive, and in this iny stance felt some alarm from the insalubrity of the 1o climate, experienced alleviation in the promising

progress of his own son, then at Westminster u School, of whoin, to the last moment of his life, he

Iwas as proud as he was fond. William Bourke Jithus repeats, the usual praises of the admiring

his years.

father, which some of his surviving friends

, will remember as being even then remarkably warm " Ned's little boy is every thing we could wish, good in his person, excellent in temper and disposition, attentive and diligent in his studies beyond

He has read Virgil and Horace, and some prose writers. He has

He has gone through about four books of Homer, and is reading Lucian with really a scientific knowledge of Greek.”

petition to the King from the freeholders of Buckinghamshire, praying for a new Parliament, in consequence of the odium excited against the existing one by the decision on the Middlesex election and other unpopular acts, was drawn up and presented by Mr. Burke.

A great effort, tending to the same purpose, and meant to point out the general errors of government, was his famous pamphlet, " Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents," brought out in this year; the most masterly thing of the kind in our language, excepting his own work on the French Revolution ; a source of interest and instruction to every statesman, and a species of textbook then and at all times for the Whig connexion, It was not merely meant as an occasional piece, but for posterity, by the constitutional tendency of its general views, the depth and truth of its observations, which, with the eloquence of the style, impart that sensation of genius and wisdom characterizing all his works. In this will be found the germ of the leading doctrines which distinguished him in after-life ; holding a mean between

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the extremes of what were considered the popular and the Court'doctrines. Of Lord"Bute he speaks with a candoúr and moderation which scarcely any other public man thought it necessary to observe; the attack

on the secret manæuvres of the Court, from a statesman labouring for power, indicated an unusual degree of political courage; nor did some opinions broached by the more democratical writers meet with more ceremonious treatment, for which the adherents of Ministry on one side, and Mrs.'Macauley on the other, lost no time in attacking him." Against Parliamentary Reform

urges very ingenious and very solid objections ; and his defence of party connexions has never been answered ; putting to silence the hitherto common reproach applied to most public characters, of being party-men.

The “ False Alarm" by Johnson, on the other side of the question, appeared not only without effect, but when compared with its opponent, to considerable disadvantage. No political feeling interfered with their private friendship. The good offices of both had been exerted towards the end of the preceding year in favour of Baretti, who had been tried for stabbing a man in the Hay. market by whom he had been attacked; when in consulting on the nature of his defence, Johnson's usual love of dictation, even to Burke, appeared in contradicting him with undue degree of warmth; an error, however, which he acknowledged with the same frankness; for on being reminded of his heat, he said, " It may be so, sir, for Burke and I

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