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established in a State can never, under any cir. cumstances, be justifiable or wise. Even great changes in the supreme authorities, though, perhaps, sometimes necessary, are always fearfully dangerous. They must not be adopted but in the last extremity, and then managed only by the most delicate and experienced hands. Earthquakes and hurricanes possibly produce good, but few sober men like to be within the sphere of their operation. It is just so with revolutions. The good is problematical. The way to it at least is through a bog of confusion and evil, a scene too often of moral desolation of over-turned laws, property, and connexions in which wantonly to throw down every ancient land-mark is wilfully to wander out of the road, and to plunge into inextricable difficulties which destroy every hope of advantage from the changes in view. Such, however, was the effect of example, that many persons in England disregarding the blessings of the practical freedom they enjoyed, professed not only to admire the speculative reveries of France, but a wish to put some of the principal into practice. The delusion was wide and deep-rooted,-more general, indeed, than it is now easy to believe; nor did it, with a few even of our greatest men, speedily pass away.

Mr. Burke, whose indignation received a new impulse, from what he termed this gross infatuation, this abstract folly and practical wickedness, and whose worst anticipations were realized by every arrival from France, expressed considerable surprise when told that Mr. Fox, with whom there had been some cessation of confidential intercourse, entertained very different opinions. He had, in consequence, alınost come to the resolution not voluntarily to obtrude his sentiments on the subject in Parliament ; not at least till compelled by a sense of duty paramount to all private considerations. Such an opportunity soon arrived.

In two debates on the army estimates (5th and 9th of February 1790,) Mr. Fox not only eulogized the Revolution generally, but was imprudent enough to specify some points of particular admiration – among others the defection of the French military from their officers and government;

; being, in fact, tacit connivance at the worst excesses of the populace. Colonel Phipps and others reprobated these sentiments loudly. Mr. Burke, on the second occasion, expressing the highest admiration for the talents of his Hon. Friend, and the consequent danger to our own country of giving the sanction of his name to such doctrines, entered into an examination of the state of France, the principles, proceedings, and tendencies, of the Revolution; condemning in bitter terms the incurable ignorance of the leaders, their folly, injustice, and wickedness, their pedantic theories, their abuse of elementary principles; and contrasted it with the English Revolution; in which, though some were fond of comparing them, he could find not a single point of resemblance. He hated the old despotism of France, and still more he hated the new : It was a plundering, ferocious, bloody,

tyrannical democracy, without a single virtue to redeem its crimes, and so far from being, as his hon. friend had inadvertently said, worthy of imitation, he would spend his last breath, and the last drop of his blood he would quit his best friends, and join his worst enemies, to oppose the least tittle of such a spirit, or such an example in England,

This speech, which contained no compliment to administration, but on the contrary displayed an adverse spirit, was nevertheless received by them and by a great majority of the House with loud applause. Mr. Pitt was among the most conspicuous; he had incautiously been led to express some opinion in favour of the struggle then going on, but alarmed at its further progress or aspect, now appeared to wheel round to concur in the sentiments of Mr. Burke. No matter, he said, how they had differed on former points of policy, he felt for him on that occasion the highest grati. tude and reverence, and not only the present generation but the latest posterity would revere his name, for the decided part he had that day taken.

The reply of Mr. Fox was mild and conciliatory, He had ever, and did then, entertain the highest veneration for the judgment of his hon. friend by him he had been instructed more than by all other men and books put together; by him he had been taught to love our constitution; from him he had acquired all his political knowledge; “ his speech on that day, some arguments and observations excepted, was one of the wisest and most brilliant flights of oratory ever delivered in that House," but, with all these admissions, his opinions on the subject in question continued unshaken.

A rejoinder from Mr. Burke expressed an equally complimentary and conciliatory spirit ; and the subject, tender as it evidently was, would have dropped, at least for the present without further consequences, had not the zeal of Mr. Sheridan, in support of the new opinions, urged him on to charge his old political associate as a deserter from his former principles as an assailant of the basis of freedom itself-as the advocate and apologist of despotism

and the libeller of men struggling in the most glorious of all causes. The reply to these unmeasured censures was calm, but decided. Such terms, Mr. Burke said, might have been spared, if for nothing more than as a sacrifice to the ghost of departed friendship; they were but a repetition of what was said by the reforming clubs and societies with which the hon. gentleman had lately become entangled, and for whose applause he had chosen to sacrifice his friend ; though he might in time find that it was not worth the price at which it was purchased. Henceforward, he added, they were separated in politics for ever.

This schism threatened such serious consequences to the interests of the party, that attempts were instantly made, and repeated two days afterwards, to heal it by mutual explanation, in presence of some of the chief Members at Burlington House ; they met at ten o'clock at night, and debated the matter until three next morning, separating then as they met, with irreconcilable differences of opinion. The display of talents on both sides is said to have been remarkable. Mr. Burke was cool, expressing the most amicable sentiments, and the impression as to services, powers, and opinions, proved so much in his favour from those present, that Mr. Sheridan took offence, and for the remainder of this session and the beginning of the next, ceased from his usual active support in Parliament.

Some personal dislike prevailed between these distinguished men ever afterwards, nor were they perhaps very cordial before. Mr. Burke, who always complimented his talents, did not for many reasons place equal confidence in his general conduct or principles, one cause for which was his alleged breach of political faith in intriguing for one of the highest Cabinet situations in the new arrangements consequent on the settling of the Regency question, to the exclusion of older and higher claimants. He suspected also, that he was the cause of Mr. Fox withdrawing from him his political confidence. The wit, on the other hand, as he rose high in the private favour of an illustrious personage, and in the esteem of his party, felt some impatience of the preponderance of Mr. Burke; he possessed little of the humility of the latter in the estimate of his own importance; with much less of talent he had more than his ambition; and forgetful of the disciplined subordination of the old Whig school, aimed at vault

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