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which were published under my name; but before I lost the participation of that Author's fame, i had already found the advantage of his authority, to which I owe the sudden acceptance which my labours met with in the world.
The general purpose of this Paper is to expose the false arts of lise, to pull off the disguises of cunning, vanity, and affectation, and to recommend a general simplicity in our dress, our discourse, and our behaviour. No man has a better judgment for the discovery, or a nobler spirit for the contempt of all imposture, than yourself; which qualities render you the most proper patron for the Author of these Essays. In the general, the design, however executed, has met with so great success, that there is hardly a name now eminent among us for power, wit, beauty, valour, or wisdom, which is not subscribed for the encouragement of these volumes. This is, indeed, an honour, for which it is impossible to express a suitable gratitude; and there is nothing could be an addition to the pleasure I take in it but the reflection, that it gives me the most conspicuous occasion I can ever have, of subscribing myself,
Your most obliged^
most obedient, and
most humble servant,
T A T L E R.
N° i. Tuesday, April 12, 1709.
Quiequid agunt boHiines^-nostri farrago libelli.
Juv. Sat. 1. v. 84, 85.
Whatever good is done* whatever ill—
"np HOUGrt the other Papers, which are "I publislied for the use of the good people of "JL England, have certainly very wholesome ef"sects, and are laudable in their particular kinds, they "do not seem to come up to the main design of such '' narrations, which, I humbly presume, should be "principally intended for the use of politic persons, "who are so public spirited as to neglect their own af"fairs to look into tranfactions of state. Now theso "Gentlemen, for the most part, being persons of strong "zeal, and weak intellects, it is both a charitable and *' necessary work to offer something, whereby such "worthy and well-affected members of the commons "wealth may be instructed, after their reading, what "to think; which shall be the end and purpose of thii "my Paper, wherein I shall, from time to time, res'1 port and consider all matters of what kind soever that "shall occur to me, and publish such my advices and "reflections every Tuejday, Thurjday, and Saturday in Vol. I, B "the
** the week, for the convenience of the Post. I resolve "also to have something which may be of entertainment "to the fair Sex, in honour of whom I have invented "the title of this Paper. I therefore earnestly desire "all persons, without distinction, to take it in for the "present gratis, and hereafter at the price of one pen"ny, forbidding all Hawkers to take more for it at their "peril. And I desire all persons to consider, that J "am-at a very'great charge for proper materials for this "Work, as well as that before I resolved upon it, I *' had settled a correspondence in all parts of the known *' and knowing world. And forasmuch as this globe ** is not trodden upon by mere drudges of business only, *' but that men of spirit and genius are justly to be "esteemed as considerable agents in it, we shall not, "upon a dearth of news, present you with musty fo"reign edicts, or dull proclamations, but shall divide "our relation of the passages which occur in action , or "discourse throughout this town, as well as elsewhere, "under such dates of places as may prepare you for "the matter you are to expect, in the following manner.
"AH accounts of Gallantry, Pleasure, and Enfaer** tainment, shall be under the article of White's Cho"colate-house; Poetry, under that of Will's Coffee"house; Learning, under the title of Grecian; Foreign 41 and Domestic News, you will have from Saint James's "Coffee-house; and what else I have to offer on any ** other suibject shall be dated from my own Apartment.
"I pace more desire my reader to consider, that as I ■* cannot keep an ingenious mam to go daily to WiWs "under two-pence each day, merely for his charges; *' to White's under six-pence; nor to the Grecian, with"cut allowing him some plain Spanifii, to be as able as "others at the learned table; and that a good Observer "cannot speak with even Kidney at Saint James's with"out clean linen; I fay, these considerations will, I *' hope, make all persons willing to comply with my "hupible request (when my gratis stock is exhausted) "of a penny a-piece; especially since they are sure 6f "some proper amusement, and that it is impossible for n me to want means to entertain them, having, beside* "the'force of my own parts, the power of Divination,
« and "and that I can, by casting a sigure, tell you all that "will happen besore it comes to pass.
"But this last faculty I blhse very sparingly, and "speak but os sew things until they are passed, sor sear "of divulging matters which may offend our superiors,"
White's Chocolate-house, April 7. , .
THE deplorable condition of a very pretty-Gentleman, who walks here at the hours when men of Quality sirst appear, is what is very much lamented. His history is, That on the ninth of September, 170;, being in his one and twentieth year, he was washing his teeth ata tavern window in Pali-Mall, when a sine equipage passed by, and in it a young Lady who looked up at him; away goes the coach, and the young Gentleman pulled off his night-cap, and instead of rubbing his gums, as he ought to do, out of the window until about sour of the clock, sits him down and spoke not a word until twelve at night; after which he began to enquire if any body knew the Lady ?—The company asked, What Lady? but he faid no more, until they broke up at six in the morning. All the ensuing winter he wenc from church to church every Sunday, and from playhouse to play-house every night in the week; but could never sind the original of the picture which dwelt in his bosom. In a word, his attention to any thing but his passion, was utterly gone. He has lost all the money he ever played sor, and been consuted in every argument he has entered upon, since the moment he sirst faw. her. He is of a noble family, has naturally a very'gooj air, and is of a frank honest temper: But this pasiion has so extremely mauled him, that his seatures are set and uninsormed, and his whole vifage is deadened, by a long absence of thought. He never appears in any alacrity, but when raised by wine; at which time he sure to come hither, and throw away a great deal of wit on fellows who have no sense farther than just to observe, that our poor Lover has most understanding when he is drunk, and is least in his senses when he is sober.
B z Mi's Will's Coffee-house, April 8.
On Thursday last was acted, for the benesit os Mr. Btttirton, the celebrated comedy called Ltrvt for Lo*,e. Those excellent players, Mrs. Barry, Mrs. Brategirdle, and Mr. Degget, though not at present concerned in the house, acted on that occasion. There has not been known fo great a concourse of persons of distinction as at that time; the stage itself was covered with Gentlemen and Ladies, and when the curtain was drawn, it discovered even there a very splendid audience. This unusual encouragement, which was given to a Play for the advantage of so great an actor, gives an undeniable instance, that the true relish for manly entertainments and rational pleasures is not wholly lost. All the parts were acted to persection: The actors were caresul of their carriage, and no one was guilty of the affectation to insert witticisms of his own; but a due respect was had to the audience, for encouraging this accomplished player. It is not now doubted but Plays will revive, and take their usual place in the opinion of persons of wit and merit, notwithstanding their late apostacy in favour of dress and found. This place is very much altered since Mr. Drydcn frequented it; where you used to see Songs, Epigrams, and Satires, in the hands of every man you met, you have now only a pack of cards; and instead of the cavils about the turn of the expression, the elegance of the stile, and the like, the Learned now dispute only about the truth of the game. But however the company is altered, all have shewn a great respect for Mr. BetKrton: And the very gaming part of this house have been so much touched with a sense of the uncertainty of human affairs, (which alter with themselves every moment) that in this Gentleman they pitied Mart Antimony of Rome, Hamlet of Denmark, Mitbridates of Fontus, Theodofius of Greece, and Henry the Eighth of England. It is well known, he has been in the condition of each of those illustrious personages for several hours together, and behaved himself in those high stations, in all the changes of the scene, with suitable dignity. Fox these reasons, we intend to repeat this favour