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vour in a moment. The spirits that were raised so suddenly against you, are as suddenly for you. There wag another instance given of this kind at the table: A Gentleman, who had a very great favour done him, and an employment bestowed upon him, without so much as being known to his benefactor, waited upon the great man who was so generous, and was beginning to fay, he
was insinitely obliged. Not at all, fays the patron,
turning from him to- another, *' had I known a more de-** serving man in England, he should not have had it."
We should certainly have had more examples, had not n Gentleman produced a book which he thought an instance of this kind: It was a pamphlet, called, Tie Naked Truth. The idea any one would kave of that work from the title was, that there would be much plain dealing with people in power, and that we should see things in their proper light, stripped of the ornaments which are usually given to the actions of the Great : But the skill ef this Author is such, that he has, under that rugged appearance approved himself the sinest Gentleman and Courtier thatever writ. The language is extremely sublime, and not at all to be understood by the vulgar: The sentiments are such as would make no sigure in ordinary words; but such is the art of the expression, and the , thoughts are elevated, to so high a degree, that I question whether the discourse will sell much. There was an illnatured sellow present, who hates all panegyric mortal- .,
ly; "P take him, faid he, what the devil means
"W\s Naked Truth, in speaking nothing but to the-ad"vantage of all whom he mentions? this is just such a "great action as'that of the Champion's on a corona"tion-day, who challenges all mankind to dispute with . "him the right of the Sovereign, surrounded with his "guards." . The Gentleman who produced the treatise desired him to be cautious, and faid, it was writ by an excellent soldier, which made the company observe it _ more narrowly; and (as critics are the greatest conjurers at sinding out a known Truth) one faid, he was sure it was writ by the hand of his sword-arm. I could not perceive much wit in that expression; but it raised a laugh, and I suppose, was meant as a sneer upon valiant men. The fame man pretended to see in.the style, that it was.
an horse-officer; but sure, that is being too nice; for though you may know officers of cavalry by the turn of their Feet, I cannot imagine how you should discern their Hands from those of other men. But it is always thus with pedants; they will ever be carping; isa Gentleman or a man of honour puts pen to paper, I do not dpubt, but this Author will sind this assertion too true, and that obloquy is not repulsed by the force of arms.. I will therefore set this excellent piece in a light too glaring for weak eyes, and, in imitation of the Critic Longinus, shall, as well as I can, make my observations im a style like the Author's, of whom I treat, which perhaps I am as capable of as another, having, "an un"bounded force of thinking, as well as a moll exquisite"address, extensively and wisely indulged to me, by the supreme powers." My Author, I will dare to assert, shews the most univerfal knowledge of any writer who has appeared this century. He is a Poet, and Merchant, which is seen in two master-words, Credit Blossoms. He is a Grammarian, and a Politician; for hefays, " The uniting o£ the two kingdoms, is the cm"phasis of the security of the Protestant Succession."" Some would be apt to fay, he is a conjurer; for he has found, that a Republic is not made up of every body of animals, but is composed of men only , and not of horses. M Liberty and property have chosen their retreat within -'* the emulating circle of an human commonwealth." He is a Physician ; for he fays, *' I observe a constant <" equality in its pulse, and a just quickness of its vigor"ous circulation." And again, "I view the strength' "of our constitution plainly appear in the fanguine and "ruddy complexion of a well contented city." He is a Divine : For he fays, "I cannot but bless myself." And. indeed this excellent treatise has had that good effect upon me, who am far from being superstitious, that I also* "cannot but bless myself."
St. James's Coffee-house, May 18.
This day arrived a mail from Lijbon, with letters of the thirteenth Instant, N. S. containing a particular account of the late action in Portugal. On the seventh inF 3 slant,. ftant, the army of Portugal, under the command of the Marquis de Frontera, lay on the side of the Caja, and the army of the Duke of Avjou, commanded by the Marquis de Bay, on the other. The latter commander having an i*mbition to ravage the country, in a manner in sight of the Portuguese, made a motion with the whose body of his horse toward sort Saint Christopher, near the town of Badajos. The Generals of the Portuguese, disdaining that such an insult should be offered to their arms, took a resolution to pass the river, and oppose the designs of the enemy. The Earl of Gel-way represented to them, that the present posture of affairs was such on the side of the Allies, that tliere needed no more to be done at pre. sent in that country, but to carry on a desensive part. Hut his arguments could not avail in the council os war. Upon which a great detachment of soot, and the whole of the horse of the King of Portugal's army passed the river, and with some pieces of cannon did good execution on the enemy. Upon observing this, the Marquis de Bay advanced with his horse, and attacked the right wing of the Portuguese cavalry, who faced about, and fled, without standing the sirst encounter. But their soot repulsed the fame body of horse in three successive charges,' with great order and resolution. While this was tranfacting, the Britijh General commanded the brigade of Ptarce, to keep the enemy in diversion by a new attack. This was ib well executed, that the Portuguese insantry had time to retire in good order, and repass the river. But that brigade, which rescued them, was itself surrounded by the enemy, and Major-General Sœrkej, Brigadi-er Pearce, together with both their regiments, and that of the Lord Gainsay, lately raised, were taken prisoners.
During the engagement, the Earl of Barrimore having advanced too far to give some necessary order, was hemmed in by a squadron of the enemy; but sound means to gallop up to the brigade of Pearce, with which he remains also a prisoner. My Lord Galway had his horse ihot under him in this action; and the Conde de Saint Juan, a Portugueze General was taken prisoner. The fame night the army encamped at Aronches, and on the ninth moved to Elvas, where they lay when these dispatches came away, Colonel Stemvix's regiment is also
taken. taken. The whole of this affair has given the Pormgueze a great idea of the capacity and courage of my Lord Galtvay, against whose ad»ice they entered upon this unfortunate affair, and by whose conduct they were rescued from it. The prodigious constancy and resolution of that great man is hardly to be paralleled, who, under the oppressnn of a maimed body, and the reflection of repeated ill fortune, goes on with an unspeakable alacrity in the service of the common cause. He has already put things in a very good posture after this ill accident, and made the necessary dispositions for covering the country from any surther attempt of the enemy, who lie still in the camp they were in before the battle.
Letters from Brusscls^, dated the twenty-sifth instant advise, that notwithstanding the negotiations of a peace seem so far advanced, that some do considently report the preliminaries of a treaty to be actually agreed on; yet the Allies haste their preparations for opening the •ampaign; and the forces of the empire, the Prussians, the Danes, the Wirlembergers, the Palatines, and Saxon auxiliaries, are in motion towards the general rendezvous, they being already arrived in the neighbourhood of Brussels. These advices add, that the-Deputies of the States of Holland, having made a general review of the troops in Flanders, set out for Antwerp, on the twentysirst instant from that place. On the fame day the.Prince Royal of PrujJia came thither incognito, with a design to make the ensuing campaign under his Grace the Duke of Marlborough.
This day is published a treatise, called, "The dis. "serence between scandal and admonition, by Isaac f Bickerstaff, Esq;" and on the sirst of July next, you may expect " A prophecy of things -past; wherein the "art of Fortune-telling is laid open to the meanest ca"pacity." And on the Monday following, " Choice "sentences for the company of Masons and Bricklayers, "to be put upon new houses, with a translation of all "the Latin sentences, that have been built of late years, "together with a comment upon stone-walls," by the fame hand.
Saturday, N° 18. Saturday, May 21, 1709.
From my own Apartment, May 20.
IT is observed too often that men of wit do so much employ their thoughts upon sine speculations, that things usesul to mankind are wholly neglected ; and they are busyjn making emendations upon some encliticks in a Greek author, while obvious things, that every man may have use for, are wholly overlooked. It would be an happy thing, if such as have real capacities for public service, were employed in works of general use 5 but because a thing is every body's business, it Is no body's business: This is for want of public spirit. At for my part, who am only a student, and a man of no great in« terest, I can only remark things, and recommend the correction of them to -higher powers. There is an offence I have a thousand times lamented, but sear I .shall never see remedied; which is, that in a nation where learning is so frequent as in Great-Britain, there should be Jo many gross etrors.as there are in the very directions of things, wherein accuracy is necessary for the conduct of lise. This is notoriously observed,by all men of letters when they sirst come to town (at which time they are usually curious that way) in the inscriptions on signposis. I have cause to know this matter as well as any body; for 1 have, wrten I went to Merchant-fayhri school, suffered stripes for spelling after the signs 1 observed in the way; though at the fame time 1 must con« sess, staring at those inscriptions 'sirst gave me an idea and curiosity for medals: in which I have since arrived at some knowledge. Many a man has lest his way and his dinner by this general want in skill in orthography; For, considering that the painters are usually so very bad, that you cannot know the animal under whose sign you are to live that day, how iiitHt the stranger be misled, if