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discourse; I am undertaking, methinks, a work worthy an invulnerable Hero in romance, rather than a private Gentleman with a single rapier : But as I am pretty well acquainted by great opportunities with the nature of man, and know of a truth that all men fight against their -will, the danger vanishes, and resolution rises upon this
subject. For this reason, I hall talk very freely on a custom which all men wish exploded, though no man has courage enough to refift it.
But there is one unintelligible word which I fear will extremely perplex my dissertation ; and I confess to you I find very hard to explain, which is the term Satisfaction. An honest country Gentleman had the misfortune to fall into company with two or three modern men of Jonour, where he happened to be very ill treated ; and one of the company being conscious of his offence, sends a note to him in the morning, and tells him, he was ready to give him Satisfaction. This is fine doing (says the plain fellow ;) last night he sent me away cursedly out of humour, and this morning he fancies it will be a Satisfaction to be run through the body. .
As the matter at present stands, it is not to do handsome actions denominates a man of honour, it is enough if he dares to defend ill ones. Thus you often see a common sharper in competition with a Gentleman of the first rank; though all mankind is convinced, that a fighting gamester is only a pick-pocket with the courage of an highway-man.. One cannot with any patience reMeet on the un'accountable jumble of persons and things in this town and nation, which occafons very frequently, that a brave man falls by a hand below that of a common hangman, and yet his executioner escapes the clutches of the hangman for doing it. I shall therefore hereafter consider, how the bravest men in other ages and nations have behaved themselves upon such'incidents as we decide by Combat; and shew, from their practice, that this resentment neither has its foundation from true reason or folid fame ; but is an impofture made of cowardice, falfhood, and want of understanding. For
this work, a good history of quarrels would be very edi. · fying to the public, and I apply myself to the town for particulars and circumstances within their know
ledge, ledge, which may serve to embellish the differtation wită proper cuts. Most of the quarrels I have ever known, have proceeded from some valiant coxconb's persisting in the wrong, to defend some prevailing folly, and preserve himself from the ingenuity of owning a miftake.
By this means it is called, " Giving a man Satisfac« tion,” to urge your offence againīt him with your fword; which puts me in mind of Peter's order to the keeper, in “ The tale of a tub : If you neglect to do all
this, damn you and your generation for ever : and so “ we bid you heartily farewel." If the contradiction in the very terms of one of our challenges were as well explained and turned into downright English, would it not run after this manner!!
• V OUR extraordinary behaviour last night, and " I the liberty you were pleased to take with me, " makes me this morning give you this, to tell you, " because you are an ill-bred puppy, I will meet you " in Hyde-Park, an hour hence; and because you want " both breeding and humanity, I desire you would " come with a pistol in your hand, on horseback, and " endeavour to shoot me through the head, do teach " you more manners. If you fail of doing me this “ pleasure, I mall say, you are a rascal, on every post “ in town: And so, Sir, if you will not injure me more, " I shall never forgive what you have done already. " Pray, Sir, do not fail of getting every thing ready, ar and you will infinitely oblige,
From my own Apartment, June 6.
Among the many employments I am necessarily put upon by my friends, that of giving Advice is the most unwelcome to me; and indeed, I am forced to use a liitle art in the manner; for some people will ask counsel of you, when they have already acted what they tell you is still under deliberation. I had almost loft a very good friend the other day, who came to know how I liked his design to marry such a Lady ; I answered, by no means; and I must be positive against it, for very folid reasons, which are not proper to communicate. Not proper to communicate! (said he, with a grave air) I well know the bottom of this. I saw him moved, and knew from thence he was already determined ; there. fore evaded it by saying, to tell you the truth, dear Frank, of all women living, I would have her myself. Ifaac, said he, thou art too late, for we have been both one these two months.
I learned this caution by a Gentleman's consulting me formerly about his son. He railed at his damined extravagance, and told me, in a very little time, he would beggar him by the exorbitant bills which came from Oxford every quarter. “ Make the rogue bite upon the " bridle, said I, pay none of his bills, it will but en. ho courage him to further trespafies.” He looked plaguy four at me. His fon foon after sent up a paper of verses, forsooth, in print on the last public occafion; upon which, he is convinced the boy has parts, and a lad of fpirit is not to be too much cramped in his maintenance, Jeft he take ill courses. Neither father nor son can ever fince endure the fight of me.
These sort of people ask opinions, only out of the ful. ness of their heart on the subject of their perplexity, and not from a desire of information.
There is nothing so easy as to find out which opinion the man in doubt has a mind to; therefore the sure way cis to tell him, that is certainly to be chosen. Then you are to be very clear and positive ; leave no handle for scruple. Bless me! Sir, there is no room for a question, This rivets you into his heart; for you at once applaud
his wisdom, and gratify his inclination. However, I had too much bowels to be insincere to a man who came yesterday to know of me, with which of two eminent men in the city he should place his fon ? their Namesi are Paulo and Avaro. This gave me much debate with myself, because not only the fortune of the youth, but his virtue also dependeth upon this choice. The men are equally wealthy ; but they differ in the use and application of their riches, which you immediately see upon entering their doors. .
The habitation of Paulo has at once the air of a Nobleman and a Merchant. You see the servants act with affection to their master, and satisfaction in themselves :: The master meets you with an open coantenance, full of benevolence and integrity : Your business is dispatched with chat confidence and welcome, which always accompanies honeft minds : His table is the image of plenty and generosity, supported by justice and frugality. Af. ter we had dined here, our affair was to visit Avaro : Out comes an aukward fellow with a careful countenance ; “ Sir, would you speak with my master ? may « I crave your name?” After the first preamble, he leads us into a noble solitude, a great house that seemed uninhabited; but from the end of the spacious hall moves towards us Avaro, with a suspicious aspect, as if he had believed us thieves; and as for my part, I ap. proached him as if I knew him a cut-purse. We fell into discourse of his noble dwelling, and the great estate all the world knew he had to enjoy in it: And I, to plague him, began to commend Paulo's way of living. Paulo, answered Awaro, is a very good man; but we who have smaller estates, must cut our coat according to our cloth. Nay, says I, every man knows his own cir. cumstances beit ; you are in the right, if you have not wherewithal. He looked very four; (for it is, you must know, the utmost vanity of a mean-spirited rich man ta be contradicted, when he calls himself poor.) But I was resolved to vex him, by consenting to all he said ; the main design of which was, that he would have us find out, he was one of the wealthiest men in London, and lived like a beggar. We left him, and took a turn on the Exchange. My friend was ravished with Avaro :
This, faid he, is certainly a sure man. I contradi&ted him with much warmth, and summed up their different characters as well as I could. This Paulo, faidl, grows wealthy by being a common good; Avaro, by being a general evil: Paulo has the art, Avato the craft of trade. When Paulo gains, all men he deals with are the better : Whenever Avaro profits, another certainly Jofes. In a word, Paulo is a Citizen, and Avaro a Cit. I convinced my friend, and carried the young Gentleman the next day to Paulo, where he will learn the way both to gain and enjoy a good fortune. And though I cannot say, I have, by keeping him from Avaro, saved him from the gallows, I have prevented his deserving it every day he lives : For with Paulo he will be an honest Man, without being so for fear of the law; as with Avaro, he would have been a villain within the protection of it.
St. James's Coffee house, June 6.
We hear from Vienna of the first instant, that Baron Imhoff, who attended her Catholic Majesty wich the chasacter of Envoy from the Duke of Wolfembutile, was returned thither. That Minister brought an account, that Major-general Stanbope, with the troops which embarked at Naples, was returned to Barcelona. We hear from Berlin, by advices of the eighth instant, that his Pruffian Majesty had received intelligence from his Minister at' Dresden, that the King of Denmark de fired to meet his Majesty at Magdeburg. The King of Prusia has sent answer, that his present indisposition will not admit of so great a journey; but has sent the King a very prerfing invitation to come to Berlin or Potsdam. These advices say, that the Minister of the King of Sreden has produced a letter from his master to the King of Poland, dated from Botizau the thirtieth of March, O. S. wherein he acquaints him, that he has been successful against the Muscovites in all the actions, which have hap. pened fince his march into their country. Great numbers have revolted to the Swedes fince General Mazeppa went over to that fide; and as many as have done fo,