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From my own Apartment, June 6.
Among the many employments I am necessarily put Upon by my friends, that of giving Advice is the moll unwelcome to me; and indeed, 1 am forced to use a liitle art in the manner; for some people will aik counsel of .you, when they have already acted what they tell you is still under deliberation. I had almost lost a very good friend the other day, who came to know how I liked his design to marry such a Lady; I answered, by no means; and I must be positive against it, for very solid reasons, which are not proper to communicate. Not proper to communicate! (faid he, with a grave air) I well know the bottom of this. I faw him moved, and knew from thence he was already determined; therefore evaded it by faying, to tell you the truth, dear Frank, of all women living, I would have her myself. Isaac, faid he, thou art too late, for we have been both one these two months.
I learned this caution by a Gentleman's consulting me formerly about his son. He railed at his damned extravagance, and told me, in a very little time, he would bepgar him by the exorbitant bills which came from. Oxford t\ety quarter. "Make the rogue bite upon the "bridle, faid I, pay none of his bills, it will but enk* courage him to surther trespasses." He looked plaguy four at me. His son soon after sent up a paper of verses, forsooth, in print on the last public occasion; upon which, he is convinced the boy has parts, and a lad of 'spirit is not to be too much cramped in his maintenance, *kst he take ill courses. Neither father nor son can ever since endure the sight of me.
These sort of people ask opinions, only out of the fulness of their heart on the subject of their perplexity, and not from a desire of information.
There is nothing so easy as to sind out which opinion the man in doubt has a mind to; therefore the sure way jls to tell him, that is certainly to be chosen. Then you are to be very clear and positive; leave no handle for scruple. Bless me! Sir, there is no room for a question. This rivets you into his heart; for you at once applaud his wisdom, and gratify his inclination. However, I had too much bowels to be insincere to a man who came yesterday to know of me, with which of two eminentmen in the city he should place his son f their Names are Paulo and Avaro. This gave me much debate with myself,%because not only the fortune of the youth, but his virtue also dependeth upon this choice. The men are equally wealthy; but they differ in the use and application of their riches, which you immediately see upon entering their doors.
The habitation of Paulo has at once the air of a Nobleman and a Merchant. You see the servants act with? affection to their master, and fatisfaction in themselves: The master meets you with an open conntenance, sull of benevolence and integrity: Your business is dispatched with that considence and welcome, which always accompanies honest minds: His table is the image of plenty and generosity, supported byjustice and frugality. After we had dined here, our affair was to visit A-varo; Out comes an aukward sellow with a caresul countenance; "Sir, would you speak with my master ? may "I crave your name I" After the sirst preamble, he leads us into a noble solitude, a great house that seemed Uninhabited; but from the end of the spacious hall moves towards us A-varo, with a suspicious aspect, as.if he had believed us thieves; and as for my part, t approached him as if 1 knew him a cut-purse. We sell into discourse of his noble dwelling, and the great estate all the world knew he had to enjoy in it: And I, to plague him, began to commend Paulo's way of living. Paulo, answered A-varo, is a very good man; but we* who have smaller estates, must cut our coat according to our cloth. Nay, fays I, every man knows his own circumstances best; you are in the right, if you have not wherewithal. He looked very soar; (for it is, you must know, the utmost vanity of a mean-spirited rich man to be contradicted, when he calls himself poor.) But I was resolved to vex him, by consenting to all he faid; the main design of which was, that he would have us sind out, he was one of the wealthiest men in London* and lived like a beggar. We left him, and took a turn on the Exchange. My friend was ravished with Avaro: H 4 Thii This, faid he, is certainly a sure man. I contradicted biro with much warmth, and summed up their different characters as well as I could. This Paulo, faid I, grows wealthy by being a common good; A'varo, by being a general evil: Paulo has the art, Avato the craft of «rade. When Paulo gains, all men he deals with are the better: Whenever A'varo prosits, another certainly loses. In a word, Paulo is a Citizen, and Amaro a Cit. I convinced my friend, and carried the young Gentle»nan the next day to Paulo, where he will learn the way both to gain and enjoy a gord fortune. And though I cannot fay, I have, by keeping him from A'varo, faved him from the gallows, I have prevented his deserving it every day he lives: For with Paulo he will be an honest Man, without being so for sear of the law; as with Anjarc, he would have been a villain within the protection of it.
St. James's, Coffee-house, June 6.
We hear from Vienna of the sirst instant, that Baron Im'noff, who attended her Catholic Majesty with the character of Envoy from the Duke of Wolfemkuiile, was returned thither. That Minister brought an account, that Major-general Stanhope, with the troops which embarked at Naples, was returned to Barcelona. We hear from Berlin, by advices of the eighth instant, that his Prussian Majesty had received intelligence from his Minister at Dresden, that the King of Denmark desired to meet his Majesty at Magdeburg. The King of Pnijfia has sent answer, that his present indisposition will not admit of so great a journey; but has sent the King a very pressing invitation to come to Berlin or Potsdam. These advices fay, that the Minister of the King of Stveden has produced a letter from his master to the King of Poland, dated from Botizau the thirtieth q^,larch, O. S. wherein he acquaints him, that he -has been successsul against the Muscovites in all the actions, which have happened since his march into their country. Great numbers have revolted to the Swedes since General Mazeppa went over to that side; and as many as have done so,
have have taken solemn oaths, to adhete to the interests of
his Swedijh Majesty.
Advices from the Hague of the fourteenth instant* N. S. fay, that all things tended to a vigorous and active campaign; the Allies having strong resentments* against the late behaviour of the Court of France; and the French using all possible endeavours to animate their men to desend their country against a victorious and exasperated enemy. Monsieur Rouille had passed through' Brussels without visicing cither the Duke of Marlborougb or Prince Eugene, who were both there at that time. The States have met, and publicly declared their fatisfaction in the conduct of their Deputies during the whole Treaty. Letters from France fay, that the Couitc is resolved to put all to the issue os' the ensuing campaign. In the mean time, they, have.ordered the preliminary Treaty to be published, with observationsupon each article, in. order to quiet the minds of the? people, and persuade them, that it has not been in the power of the King to procure a peace, but to the diminution of his Majesty's glory, and the hazard of hisdominions. His Grace the Duke of Marlborougb and Prince Eugene, arrived at Ghent on Wednesday last., where, at an assembly of all the General Officers, ic was thought proper, by reason of the great rains which, have lately fallen, to deser forming a camp, or bringing; the troops together; but as soon as the weather would permit, to march upon the enemy with all expedition.
From myvown Apartment,. June 8^
IHave read the following Letter with delight and approbation; and I hereby order Mr. Kidney, at St.. James's, and Sir Thomas at White's, (who are my clerks for. enrolling all . men . in their-different classes, before?
H. 5: they/ they presume to drink tea or chocolate in those places) to take care, that the persons within the descriptions in the latter be admitted and excluded, according to my friend's remonstrance.
Sir, June 6, 1709.
"V OUR Paper of Saturday has raised up in me a X noble emulation, to be recorded in the foremost
'**' rank of Worthies therein mentioned; and if any re"gard be had to merit or industry, I may hope to sueceed in the 'promotion, for I have omitted no toil or "expence to be a prosicient; and if my friends do not "flatter, they assure me, I have not lost my time since
'** I came to town. To enumerate but a sew pa'rtico** lars ; there is hardly a coachman I meet ith, bat "desires to be excused taking me, because he has had "me before. I have compounded two or three rapes; "and let out to hire as many bastards to beggars. I "never faw above the sirst Act of a Play: And as to my "courage, it is well known, I have more than once had *\sufficient witnesses of my drawing my sword both in "tavern and playhouse. Dr. Wall is my particular friend; and if it were any service to the Public to "compose the difference between Martin and Sixtilaer '" the Pear-Driller, I do not know a judge of more ex*' perience than myself: For in that I may fay with the Poet;
Quit regio in -villa nofiri not! plena labtris?
What street resounds not with my great exploits?
"I omit other less particulars, the necessary conse"quences of greater actions. But my reason for troubling you at this present is, to put a stop, if-ie "may be, to an insinuating increasing set of people, "who sticking to the letter of your treatise, and not to "the spirit of it, do assume the name of Pretty Fellows;
- " nay, and even get new names, as you very well hint"Some of them I have heard calling to one another as "I have fat at White's and St. James's, by the names "of Betty, Nelly, and so forth, You fee them accost
'. '*' each