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St. James's Coffee-house, June 13.

Letters from Vienna of the eighth instant fay, there has been a journal of the marches and actions of the King of Sweden, from the beginning of January to the eleventh of April, N. S. communicated by the Swedijh Ministers to that Court. These advices inform, that his Swedijh Majesty entered the Territories of Muscovy in February last, with the main body of his army, in order to oblige the enemy to a general engagement; but that the Muscovites declining a battle, and an univerfal thaw having rendered the rivers unpayable, the King returned into Vkrania. There are mentioned several rencounters between considerable detachments of the Swedijh and Ruffian armies. Marshal Heister intended to take his leave of the Court on the day after the date of these letters, and put himself at the head of the army in Hungary. The Male-contents had attempted to send in a supply of provision into Newhausel; but their design was difappointed by the Germans.

Advices from Berlin of the sifteenth instant, N. S. fay, that his Danijh Majesty having received an invitation from the King of Prussia to an interview, designed to come to Potsdam within a sew days, and that King Augustus Tesolved to accompany him thither. To avoid all difficulties in ceremony, the three Kings and all the company who mail have the honour to sit with them at table, «re to draw lots, and take precedence accordingly.

They write from Hamburgh of the eighteenth instant, N. S. that some particular letters from Dantzick speak cf a late action between the Swedes and Muscovites near Jeii/law; but that engagement being mentioned from 110 other place, there is not much credit given to this intelligence.

We hear from Brussels, by letters dated the twentieth, that on the fourteenth in the evening, the Duke of Marllorfiigh and Prince Eugene arrived at Courtray, with a design to proceed the day following to Lijle, in the neighbourhood of which city the consederate army was to rendezvous the fame day. Advices from Paris inform us, that the Marshal de Bezonsh appointed to command

in in Dauphine, and that the Duke of Berwick is set out for Spain, with a design to follow the fortunes of the Duke of Anjou, in case the French King should comply with the late demands of the Allies.

The Court of France has sent a circular letter to all the Governors of the provinces, to recommend to their consideration his Majesty's late conduct in the asfair of peace. It is thought sit in that epistle, to condescend to a certain appeal to the people, whether it is consistent with the dignity of the Crown, or the French name, to submit to the preliminaries demanded by the Consederates? That letter dwells upon the unreasonableness of the Allies, in requiring his Majesty's assistance in dethroning his grandson; and treats this particular in language more suitable to it, as it is a topic of oratory, than a real circumstance on which the interests of nations, and reasons of state, which affect all Europe, are concerned.

The close of this memorial seems to prepare the people to expect all events, attributing the considence of the enemy to the goodness of their troops; but acknowledging, that his sole dependance is upon the intervention of Providence.

N° 29. Thursday, June 16, 1709.

White's Chocolate-house, June 14.

HAVING a very solid respect for human Nature, however it is distorted from its natural make, by affectation, humour, custom, misfortune, or vice, I do apply myself to my friends to help me in raising arguments for preserving it in all its individuals, as long as it is permitted. To one of my letters on this subject, I have received the following answer;

I 2 Sir, S I r,

"TN answer to your question, why men of sense, "JL virtue, and experience, are seen still to comply "with that ridiculous custom of duelling? I must desire "you to reflect, that custom has dished up in ruffs the -" wisest heads of our ancestors, and put the best of the "present age into huge Falbala periwigs. Men of sense "would not impose such incumbrances on themselves, "tut be glad they might shew their faces decently in *' public upon easier terms. If then such men appear *' reasonably slaves to the fashion, in what regards the '' sigure of their persons, we ought not to wonder, that they are at least so in what seems to touch their repu*' tation. Besides, you cannot be ignorant, that dress and chivalry have been always encouraged by theXa"dies; as the two principal branches of gallantry. It '' is to avoid being sneered at far his singularity, and "from a desire to appear more agreeable to his mistress, "that a wise, experienced, and polite man, complies '' with the dress commonly received; and is prevailed '' upon to violate his reason and principles, in hazard*' ing his lise and estate-by a tilt, as well as suffering "his pleasures to be constrained and sowered by the "constant apprehension of a quarrel. This is the more "surprising, because men of the most delicate sense and '' principles have naturally in other cases a particular "repugnance in accommodating themselves to the max-*' ims of the world: But one may easily distinguish the "man that is affected with beauty, and the reputation *' of a tilt, from him who complies with both, merely *' as they are imposed upon him by custom ; sor in the '' former you will remark an air of vanity and triumph; ** whereas when the latter appears in a long Duvillier '' sull cf powder, or has decided a quarrel by the sword, '' you may perceive in his face, that he appeals to custom '' sor an excuse. I think it may n«t be improper to en"quire into the genealogy of this chimerical monster, "called a Duel, which I take to be an illegitimate spe'' cies of the ancient Knight-errantry. By the laws of "this whim, the heroic person, or man of gallantry,

"was ** was indispensibly obliged to starve in armour a certain "number of years in the chace of monsters, encounter "them at the peril of his lise,- and sufser still greater *' hardships, in order to gain the afsection of the fair "Lady, and qualify himself for affuming the Bel-Air

that is, of a Pretty Fellow, or man of honour, ac"cording to the fashion: But since the publishing of "Don Quixote, and extinction of the race of dragons, "which Suetonius Cays happened in that of Wanthy, the: "gallant and heroic spirits of these later times have "been under the necessity of creating new chimerical "monsters to entertain themselves with, by way of single "combat, as the only proofs they are able to give their ** own Sex, and the Ladies, that they are in all point* "men of nice honour. But to do justice to the ancient "and real monsters, I must observe, that they neves' *' molested those who were not of a humour to hunt sot "them in woods and defarts; whereas, on the contrary, "our modern monsters are so familiarly admitted and"entertained in all the courts and cities of Europe, (ex"cept France) that one can scarce be in the most hu"manized society without risking one's lise ; the people"of the bell fort, and the sine Gentlemen of the age, "being so fond of them, that they seldom appear in any "public place without one. I have some surther confl** derations upon this subject, which, as you encourage "me, shall be communicated to you by, Sir, a Cousiiv 'J but one remove from the best family of the Staffs,. "namely,



Your humble servant,

kinsman, and friend,

Tim. Switchr

It Is certain Mr. Switch has hit upon the true source of this evil; and that it proceeds only from the force of custom, that we contradict ourselves in half the particulars and occurrences of fise. But such a tyranny in I 3 love, love, which the Fair impose upon us, is a little too severe, that we must demonstrate our affection sor them by Bo certain proof but hatred to one another, or come at them (only as one does to an estate) by survivorship. This way of application to gain a Lady's heart is taking her as we do towns and castles, by distressing the place, and letting none come near them without our Pass. Were such a lover once to write the truth of his heart, and let her know his whole thoughts, he would appear indeed to have a paffion sor her; but it would hardly be called love. The JBillet-Doux would run to this purpose:

M A D A M,

"T Have so tender a regard for you, and your interests, "JL that I will knock any man on the head whom I "observe to be of my mind, and like you. Mr. Truman, "the other day, looked at you in so languishing a itian"ner, that I am resolved to run him through to-morrow "morning. This, I think, he deserves sor his guilt "in admiring you : Than which I cannot have a greater "reason sor murdering him, except it be that you also "approve him. Whoever fays he dies sor you, I will '' make his words good, for I will kill him. I am,


Your most obedient,

most humble servant,

From my own Apartment, June 14,

I am just come hither at ten at night, and have, ever since six, been in the most celebrated, though most nauseous company in town: The two leaders of the society were a Critic and a Wit. These two Gentlemen are great opponents on all occasions, not discerning that they are the nearest each other in temper and talents, of any two classes of men in the world ; sor to prosess judgment, and to prosess wit, both arise from the fame failure,

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