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by those Jie met, or that he seared they would make some attack upon him. This person was much taller than his companion, and added to that height the advantage of a seather in his hat, and heels to his shoes so monstrously high, that he had three or four times fallen down, had he not been supported by his friend. They made a sull stop as they came within a sew yards of the place where we stood. The plain Gentleman bowed to Pacolet; the other looked .upon him with some -displea

When he thus informed me of their persons and circumstances.

You may remember, Isaac, that I have often told you, there are Beings of a superior rank to mankind; who frequently visit the habitations of men, in order to call them from some wrong pursuits in which they are actually engaged, or divert them from methods which will lead them into errors for the suture. He that will caresully reflect upon the occurrences of his lise, will .sind .he has been sometimes extricated out of difficulties, and receive ed favours where he could never have expected such benesits ; as well as met with cross events from some unseen hand, which has difappointed his best laid designs. Such accidents arrive from the interventions of aerial Beings, as they are benevolent or the nature of man, and attend bis steps in the tracks of ambition, of business, .and of pleasure. Before I ever appeared to you in the manner I do now, I have frequently followed you .in your evening-walks, and have often, by throwing some.accident in your way, as the pasting by of a suneral, or the appearance of some other solemn object, given your imagination a new turn, and changed a night you have destined to mirth and jollity, into an exercise of study and contemplation. I was the old soldier who met you last summer in Chelsea sields, and pretended that T had broken my wooden leg, and could not get home; but I snapped it short off, on purpose that you might fall into the reflections you did on that subject, and take me into your Hack. If you remember, you made yourself

sure: Upon which


very very merry on that fracture, and asked me whether I thought I should next winter seel colp in the toes of that leg? as is usually observed, that those who lose limbs are sensible of pains in the extreme parts, even after those limbs are cut off. However, my keeping you then in the story of the battle of the Boyne prevented an assignation, which would have led you into more difasters than I then related.

To be short: Those two persons you see yonder are such as I am; they are not real men, but are mere shades and sigures; one is named Alethes, the other Feristmilis. Their ofsice is to be the guardians and representatives of Conscience and Honour. They are now going to visit the several parts of the town, to see how their interests in the world decay or flourish, and to purge themselves from the many false imputations they daily meet with in the commerce and converfation of men. You observed Perifimilit frowned when he sirst faw me. What he is provoked at, is, that I told him one day, though he strutted and dressed with so much ostentation, if he kept himself within his own bounds, he was but a lacquey, and wore only that Gentleman's livery whom he is now with. This frets him to the heart; for you must know, he has pretended a long time to set up for himself, and gets among a croud of the more unthinking part of mankind, who take him for a person of the sirst Quality; though his introduction into the world was wholly owing to his present companion.

This encounter was very agreeable to me, and I was resolved to dog them, and desired Pacoht to accompany me. I soon perceived what he told me in the gesture of the persons; for when they looked at each other in discourse, the well-dressed man suddenly cast down his eyes, and discovered that the other had a painsul superiority over him. Aster some further discourse, they took leave. The plain Gentleman went down towards Thames-street, in order to be present, at least, at the oaths taken at the Custom-house; and the other made directly for the heart of the city, ft is incredible how great a chaqge there immediately appeared in the man of honour when he got rid of his uneasy companion: He adjusted the cock of his hat a-new, settled his sword-knot; and had an

appearappearance that attracted a sudden inclination for him and his interests in all who beheld him. For my part, faid I to Pacelet, I cannot but think you are mistaken in calling this person, of the lower Quality; for he looks much more like a Gentleman than the other. Do not you observe all eyes are upon him, as he advances? how each Sex gazes at his stature, aspect, address, and motion? Pacolet only smiled, and snaked his head; as leaving me to be convinced by my own surther observation. We kept on our way after him until we came to Exchangealley, where the plain Gentleman again came up to the other; and they stood together after the manner of eminent merchants, as if ready to receive application; but I could observe no man talk to either of them. The one was laughed at as a fop; and I heard many whispers against the other, as a whimsical sort of a sellow, and a great enemy to trade. They crossed Cornbill together, and came into the sull Exchange, where some bowed, and gave themselves airs in being known to so sine a man as Verijimilis, who, they faid, had great interest in all Princes Courts; and the other was taken notice of by several, as one they had seen somewhere long before. One more particularly faid, he had formerly been a man of consideration in the world; but was so unlucky, that they who dealt with him, by some strange infatuation or other, had a way of cutting off their own bills, and were prodigioufly flow in improving their stock. But as much as I"was curious to observe the reception these Gentlemen met with upon the Exchange, I could not help being interrupted by one that came up towards us, to whom every body made their compliments. He was of the common height, and in his dress there seemed to be great care to appear no way particular, except in a certain exact and seat manner of behaviour and circumspection. He was wondersully caresul that his shoes and clothes should be without the least speck upon them; and seemed to think, that on such an accident depended his very lise and fortune. There was hardly a man on the Exchange who had not a note upon him; and each seemed very well fatissied that their money lay in his hands, without demanding payment. I asked Pacolet, what great merchant that was, who was so univerfally


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addressed to, yet made too familiar an appearance to command that extraordinary deserence? Pacolet answered, this person is the Dæmon or Genius of Credit; hk name is Umbra. If you observe, he sollows Aletbes and Feristmilis at a distance; and indeed has no soundation sor the sigure he makes -in the world, -but that he is thought to keep their cash; though, at the fame time, none who trusts him would trust the others sor a groat. As the company rolled about, the three spectres were jumbled into one place: When they were so, and all thought there was an alliance between them, they immediately drew upon them the business of the whole Exchange. But their affairs soon increased to such an unwieldy bulk, that Aletbes took his leave, and faid, he would not engage surtherthan he had immediate sund to answer. Ferijimilis pretended, that though he had revenues large enough to go on his own bettom, -yet it was below oneof his family to condescend to trade in his own name;'theresore he also retired. I was extremely troubled to see the glorious mart of London left with no other guardian but him of Credit. But Pacolet told me, that traders had nothing to do with the Honour or Conscience of their correspondents, provided they supported ageneral behaviour in the world, which could not hurt their credit or their purses: For, faid he, you may, in this one tract of building of London and Westminster, fee the imaginary motives on which the greatest affairs move, as well as in rambling over the face of the earth. For though Aklbcs is the real governor, as well as legislator of mankind, he has very little business but to make up quarrels; and is only a general reseTree, to whom every man pretends to-appeal, but is fatissied with his determinations no surther than they promote his own interest. Hence it is, that the soldier and the courtier model their actions according to Ferijimilis''s manner, and the merchant according to that of Umbra-. Among these men, Ronourand Credit are not valuable possessions in themselves, or pursued out of a principle of justice; but merely as they are serviceable to ambition and to commerce. But the world will never be in any manner of order or tranquillity, until men are'sirmly convinced, that Conscience, Honour, and Credit, are all in one


interest: and that without the concurrence of the sormei, the latter are but impositions upon ourselves and others. The force these delusive words have is not seen in the tranfactions of the busy world only, but also have their tyranny over the Fair Sex. Were you to a£k the unhappy Lais, what pangs of reflection, preserring the consideration of her honour to her conscience has given her? She could tell you, that it has sorced her to drink up half a gallon this winter of Tom Dajsqpas's potions: That she Itill pines away sor sear of being a mother; and knows not, but the moment she is such, she shall be a murderess: But if Conscience had as strong a force upon the mind as Honour, the sirst step to her unhappy condition had never been made; she had still been innocent, as she is beautisul. Were men so enlightened and studious of their own good, as to act by the dictates of their reason and reflection, and not the opinion of others, Conscience would be the steady ruler or human lise ; and the words, Truth, Law, Reason, Equity, and Religion, would be but synonymous terms sor that only Guide which makes us pass our days in our own favour and approbation.

N° 43. Tuesday, August 2, 1709.

Quhquid agunt hominei nostri farrago libelli.

Juv. Sat. 1. Y. 84, 85.

Whatever good is done, whatever ill
By human kind, shall this collection sill.

White's Chocolate-house, August 1.

TH E imposition of honest names and words upon improper subjects, has made so regular a consusion among us, that we are apt to sit down with our errors, well enough fatissied with the method* we are Vol. I. O fallta

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