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thoufand; half an hour aster, we were reduced to one thoufand; at four of the clock, we were down to two hundred; at sive, to sifty; at six, to sive; at seven, to. one guinea; the next bet, to nothing. This morning he borrowed half a crown of the maid who cleans his ihoes; and is now gaming in Lincoln's-Ian Fields amongthe boys for farthings and oranges, until he has made up three pieces, and then he returns to White's into the best company in town. This ended our sirst discourse; and it is hoped, you will forgive me that I have picket! so little out of my companion at our sirst interview. 1a: the next, it is possible, he may tell me moie pleasing incidents; for though he is a familiar, he is not aa evil Spirit*
St. Jams'% Coffee-house, May 9.
We hear from the Hague of the fourteenth instant* N. S. that Monsieur de Torcy hath had frequent conserences with the Grand Pensioner, and the other Ministers who were heretofore commissioned to treat with> Monsieur Rcuille. The preliminaries of a peace are almost settled, and the proceedings wait only for the arrival of the Duke of Marlhorough; after whose approbation of the articles proposed, it is not doubteo bu* the methods of the treaty will be publicly known. -In the mean time the States have declared an abhorrence of taking any step in this great aff.ir, but in concert with the Court of Great-Britain, and other Princes of the alliance. The posture of affairs in Fiance does necessarily oblige thst nation to be very much in earnest in their offers; and Monsieur de Torcy hath prosessed to the <5rand Pensioner, that he will avoid all occasions of giving him the least Jealousy, cf his using any address in private converfation for accomplishing the ends of hi* embassy. It h faid, that as soon as the preliminaries are adjusted, that Minister is to return to the French Court. The States of Holland have resolved to make it an instruction to all their men of war and privateers, to bring into their ports whatever neutral ships they shall meet with, laden with corn, and bound for France; and to avoid all cause of complaint from the Potentates
to whom these ships shall belong, their sull demand for 'their freight shall be paid them there. The French Protestants residing in that country have applied themselve* to their respective magistrates, desiring that there maybe an article in the treaty of peace, which may give liberty of conscience to the Protestants in France. Monsieur Bosnage, minister of the Wetllnn church at Rotterdam, has been at the Hague, and hath had some conserences with the Deputies of the States on that subjectIt is reported there, that all the French Resugees in those dominions are to be naturalized, that they may enjoy the fame good effects of the treaty with the Hollanders themselves, in respect of France.
Letters from Paris fay, the people conceive great hopes of a sudden peace, from Monsieur Torcyh being employed in the negotiation; he being a Minister of too great -weight in that Court, to be sent on any employment, in which his master would not act in a manner, wherein he might justly promise himself success. The French advices add, that there is an insurrection in PoicJou, 3000 men having taken up arms, and beaten the troops which were appointed to disperse them: three of the mutineers, being taken, were immediately executed ; and as many of the King's party were used after the fame manner.
Our late Act of naturalization hath had so great an effect in foreign parts, that some Princes have prohibited the French Resugees in their dominions, to sell or transser their estates to any other of their subjects ; and at the fame time have granted them greater immunities than they hitherto enjoyed. It has been also thought necesfary, to restrain their own subjects from leaving theu native country on pain of death.
% 5 Thursday, I
N° 14. Thursday, May 12, 1709.
From my own Apartment, May 10.
HA D it not been that my Familiar had appeared to me, as I told you in my last, in person, I had certainly been unable to have found even words without meaning, to keep up my intelligence with the town; but he has checked me severely for my despondence, and ordered me to go on in my design of observing upon things, and forbearing persons; for, faid he, the age you live in is such, that a good picture of any vice or virtue will infallibly be misrepresented; and though none will take the kind descriptions you make so much to themselves, as to wish well to the Author, yet all will resent the ill characters you produce, out of sear of their own turn in the licence you must be obliged to take, if you point at particular persons. I took this admonition kindly, and immediately promised him to beg pardon of the author of the " Advice to the Poets," for my raillery upon his work; though I aimed at no more in that examination, but to convince him, and all men of genius, of the folly of laying themselves out on such plans as are below their characters. I hope too it was done without ill breeding, and nothing spoken below what a Civilian (as it is allowed I am) may utter to a physician. After this preface, all the world may be fase from my Writings; for, if I can sind nothing to commend, 1 am silent, and will forbear the subject: for, though I am a reformer, I scorn to be an inquisitor..
It would become all men, as well as me, to lay before them the noble character of Verus the magistrate, who always fat in triumph over, and contempt of, vice: He never searched after it, or spared it when it came before him: At the fame time, he could see through the
hypocrisy hypocrisy and disguise of those, who have no pretencer to virtue themselves, but by their severity to the vicious. The fame Verut was, in times long past, Chief Justice (as we call it amongst us) in Felicia. He was a mani of profound knowledge of the laws of his country, and) as just an observer of them in his own person. He considered justice as a cardinal virtue, not as a trade for maintenance. Wherever he was Judge, he never forgot that he was also Counsel. The criminal before hinn was always sure he stood before his country, and, in a: fort, the parent of it. The prisoner knew, that thoughi his spirit was broken with guilt, and incapable of language to desend itself, all would be gathered from him which could conduce to his fasety; and that his Judge would wrest no law to destroy him, nor conceal any than could save him. In his time there was a nest, of pretenders to justice, who happened to be employed, to, put things in a method for being examined before hiiu at his usual sessions: These animals were to Ferus, as. monkies are to men, so like, that you can hardly disown them; but so base, that you'are ashamed of their fraternity. It grew a phrase, "Who would do justice -** on the justices?" that certainly would Ferus. 1 have seen an old trial where he fat Judge on two of them; one was called Trick-Track, the other Tearjhift: Or.ee was a learned judge of sharpers, the other the quickelt -of all men at nnding out a wench. Trick-Track never spared a pick-pocket, but was a companion' to Cheats: Tearjhift would make compliments to wenches of Quality,, but certainly commit poor ones. If a poorrogu* wanted a lodging, Trick-Track sent him to gaol for &. -thief: If a poor whore went only with one thin petticoat, Tearjhift would imprison her for being loose in her dress. These patriots insested the days of Ferns* while they alternately committed and released each, others prisoners. But Verusregarded them as criminals* and always looked upon men as they stood in the eya of justice, without respecting whether they fat on the Bench, or stood at the Bar.
Will's Coffee house, May 11.'
YesierJay we were entertained with the Tragedy of The Earl of Essex; in which there is not one good line, and yet a Play which was never seen without drawing tears from some part of the audience: A remarkable instance that the Soul is not to be moved by words, but things; for the. incidents in this Drama are laid together so happily, that the spectator makes the Play for himself, by the force which the circumstance has upon his imagination. Thus, in spite of the most dry discourses, and expressions almost ridiculous with respect to propriety, it is impossible for one unprejudiced to see it, untouched with pity. I must consess, this effect is not wrought on such as examine why they are pleased; but it never fails to appear on those who are not tos learned In Nature, to be moved by her sirst suggestions. It is certain, the person and behaviour of Mr. Wilks has no small share in conducing to the popularity of the Play; and when an handsome sellow is going to a more coarse Exit than beheading, his shape and countenance make every Tender One reprieve him with all her heart, without waiting until she hears his dying words.
This evening, The Alchymift was played. This Comedy is an example of Ben "Johnson's extensive genius, and penetration into the passions and follies of mankind. The scene in the fourth Act, where all the cheated people oppose the man that would open their eyes, has something in it so inimitably excellent, that it is certainly a"s great a master-piece as has ever appeared by any hand. The Author's great address in shewing covetousness, the motive of the actions of the Puritan, the Epicure, the Gamester, and the Trader; and that all their endeavours, how differently soever they seem to tend, center only in that one point of gain, shews he had, to a great persection, that discernment of spirit which constitutes a genius for Comedy,
White's Chocolate-house, May 11,
It is not to be imagined, how far the violence of Our desires will carry us towards our own deceit in the pur