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General; after which they entered into a conference with him on the present pofture of affairs, and gave his Grace affurances of the firm adherence of the States to the alliance: At the same time acquainting him, that all overtures of peace were rejected, until they had an opportunity of acting in concert with their Allies on that subject. After this interview, the Penfionary and the President returned to the affembly of the States. Monfieur Torcy has had a conference at the Pensioner's houfe with his Grace the Duke of Marlborough, Prince Eugene, and his excellency the Lord Townshend. The result of what was debated at that time is kept secret ; but there appears an air of satisfaction and good underftanding bên tween these Minifters. We are apt also to give ourselves very hopeful prospects from Monfieur Torcy's being employed in this negotiation, who had been always remarkable for a particular way of thinking, in hiš sense of the "greatnefs of France ; which he has always faid, “ Was ** to be promoted rather by the arts of peace, than thofe «t of war.” He delivering himself freely on this fubje&t has formerly appeared an unfuccefsful way to power in that Court ; but in its prefent circumftances, there maxims are better received ; and it is thought a certain argument of the fincerity of the French King's it. tentions, that this Minister is at present made use of. The Marquis is to return to Paris within few days, who has sent a courier thither to give notice of the reasons of his return, that the Court may be the sooner able to difpatch commillions for a formal treaty.
The expectations of peace are increased by advices from Paris of the twelfth instant, which say, the Dauphin hath altered his resolution of commanding in Flanders the ensuing campaign. The Saxon and Prufian reinforcements, together with Count Mercy's regiment of imperial horse, are incamped in the neighbourhood of Brusels; and fufficient stores of corn and forage are transported to that place and Ghent, for the service of the confederate army.
They write from Mons, that the Elector of Bavaria had advice, that an advanced party of the Portugueze army had been defeated by the Spaniards.
We hear from Languedoc, that their corn, olives, and figs, were wholly destroyed ; but that they have a hopeful prospect of a plentiful vintage.
Thurfday, May 19, 1709.
. Wills Coffee-house, May 18. T HE discourse has happened to turn this evening,
I upon che true nature of Panegyric, the perfection of which was afferted to confift in a certain artful way of conveying the applaufe in an indirect manner. There was a Gentleman gave us several inftances of it. Among others, he quoted (from Sir Francis Bacon, in his " Ad1. vancement of Learning,”) a very great compliment made to Tiberius, as follows: In a full debate upon public affairs in the Senate, one of the assembly rose up, and with a very grave air said, he thought it for the honour and dignity of the commonwealth, that Tiberius fhould be declared a God, and have divine worship paid him. The Emperor was surprized at the proposal, and demand. ed of him to declare, whether he had made any applicatton to incline him to that overture ? the Senator answered, with a bold and haughty tone, « Sir, in matters that " concern the commonwealth, I will be governed by no " mar.” Another Gentleman mentioned something of the fame kind, fpoken by the date Duke of Borm to the late Earl of O y ; my Lord, (says the Duke, after his libertine way) " you will certainly be damned. « How, my Lord !” fays the Earl, with some warmth. Nay, said the Duke). « there is no help for it, for it is • pofitively faid, cursed is he of whom all men speak so well.” This is taking a man by furprize, and being welcome when you have so surprized him. The person flattered receives you into his clofet at once ; and the fudden change of his heart, from the expectation of an illwither, to find yow his friend, makes you in his full fa
vour in a moment. The spirits that were raised fo fud. denly against you, are as fuddenly for you. There was another instance given of this kind at the table : A Gen. tleman, who had a very great favour done him, and an employment bestowed upon him, without so much as being known to his benefactor, waited upon the great man who was so generous, and was beginning to say, he was infinitely obliged.--. Not at all, says the patron, turning from him to another, “ had I known a more de: * serving man in England, he should not have had it.”
We fhould certainly have had more examples, had not a Gentleman produced a book which he thought an inftance of this kind : It was a pamphlet, called, The Naked Truth. The idea any one would have of that work from the title was, that there would be much plain dealing with people in power, and that we should see things in their proper light, stripped of the ornaments which are usually given to the actions of the Great : But the skill of this Author is such, that he has, under that rugged ap. pearance approved himself the finest Gentleman and . Courtier thatever writ. The language is extremely subu. lime, and not at all to be understood by the vulgar : The sentiments are such as would make no figure in ordinary words; but such is the art of the expression, and the thoughts are elevated to so high a degree, that I question whether the discourse will fell much. There was an illor natured fellow present, who hates all panegyric mortal-, ly; "
P t ake him, said he, what the devil means « his Naked Truth, in speaking nothing but to the ad"s vantage of all whom he mentions? This is just such a, “ great action as that of the Champion's on a corona« tion-day, who challenges all mankind to dispute with “ him the right of the Sovereign, surrounded with his “ guards."! : The Gentleman who produced the treatise desired him to be cautious, and said, it was writ by an excellent soldier, which made the company observe it. more narrowly ; and (as critics are the greatest conjurers at finding out a known Truth) one said, he was sure it was writ by the hand of his sword-arm. I could not perceive much wit in that expression ; but it raised a laugh, and I suppose, was meant as a sneer upon valiant men. The same man pretended to see in the Ityle, that it was,
an horfe officer ; but sure, that is being too nice ; for though you may know officers of cavalry by the turn of their Feet, I cannot imagine how you should discern their Hands from those of other men. But it is always thus with pedants; they will ever be carping; if a Gentleman or a man of honour pues pen to paper, I do not doubt, but this Author will find this affertion too true, and that obloquy is not repulsed by the force of arms. I will therefore set this excellent piece in a light too glaring for weak eyes, and, in imitation of the Critic Lone ginus, fall, as well as I can, make my observations in a style like the Author's, of whom I treat, which perhaps I am as capable of as another, having, “an un-6 bounded furce of thinking, as well as a moit exquisite is address, extensively and wisely indulged to me, by ,6the supreme powers.” My Author, I will dare to alfert, shews the most universal knowledge of any writer who has appeared this century. He is a Poet, and Mere chant, which is seen in two mafter-words, Credit BlokSoms. He is a Grammarian, and a Politician ; for he: says, “ The unicing of the two kingdoms, is the em. 1 phasis of the security of the Protestant Succeflion.” Some would be apt to say, he is a conjurer ; for he has found, that a Republic is not made up of every body of animals, but is composed of men only, and not of horses. “ Liberty and property have chosen their retreat within
the emulating circle of an human commonwealth." He is a Physician ; for he says, “ I observe a constant 146 equality in its pulse, and a juft quickness of its vigor(s. ous circulation.” And again, " I view the ftrength "S of our conftitution plainly appear in the sanguine ard “ ruddy complexion of a well contented city." He is a Divine : For he says, “ I cannot but bless myself.” Andi indeed this excellent treatise has had that good effect upon me, who am far from being fuperftitious, that I also os cannot but bless myself.!!!
This day arrived a mail from Lisbon, with letters of the thirteenth Instant, N. S. containing a particular account of the late action in Portugal. On the seventh in.:
Atant, the army of Portugal, under the command of the Marquis de Frontera, lay on the side of the Caya, and the army of the Duke of Anjou, commanded by the Marquis de Bay, on the other. The latter commander having an ambition to ravage the country, in a manner in fight of the Portugueze, made a motion with the whote body of his horse toward fort Saint Christopher, near the town of Badajos. The Generals of the Portuguexe, disdaining that such an insult should be offered to their arms, took a resolution to pass the river, and oppose the designs of . the enemy. The Earl of Galway represented to them, that the present posture of affairs was such on the side of the Allies, that there needed no more to be done at present in that country, but to carry on a defensive part, But his arguments could not avail in the council of war. Upon which a greas detachment of foot, and the whole of the horse of the King of Portugal's army passed the ri. ver, and with some pieces of cannon did good execution on the enemy. Upon observing this, the Marquis de Bay advanced with his horse, and attacked the right wing of the Portugueze cavalry, who faced about, and fled, with. out ftanding the firft encounter. But their foot repulsed the same body of horse in three fucceflive charges, with great order and resolution. While this was transacting, the Britijh General commanded the brigade of Pearce, to keep the enemy in diverfion by a new attack. This was so well executed, that the Portugueze infantry had time to retire in good order, and repass the river. But that brigade, which rescued them, was itself surrounded by the enemy, and Major-General Sarkey, Brigadier Pearce, together with both their regiments, and that of the Lord Galway, lately raised, were taken prisoners.
During the engagement, the Earl of Barrimore having advanced too far to give fome necessary order, was hemmed in by a squadron of the enemy; but found means to gallop up to the brigade of Pearce, with which he remains also a prisoner. My Lord Galway had his horse Thot under him in this action ; and the Conde de Saint Juan, a Portugueze General was taken prisoner. The fame night the army encamped at Aronches, and on the ninth moved to Elvas, where they lay when these dispatches came away. Colonel Stanwix's regiment is also