The Mouth that Begs: Hunger, Cannibalism, and the Politics of Eating in Modern China
The Chinese ideogram chi is far richer in connotation than the equivalent English verb “to eat.” Chi can also be read as “the mouth that begs for food and words.” A concept manifest in the twentieth-century Chinese political reality of revolution and massacre, chi suggests a narrative of desire that moves from lack to satiation and back again. In China such fundamental acts as eating or refusing to eat can carry enormous symbolic weight. This book examines the twentieth-century Chinese political experience as it is represented in literature through hunger, cooking, eating, and cannibalizing. At the core of Gang Yue's argument lies the premise that the discourse surrounding the most universal of basic human acts—eating—is a culturally specific one.
Yue's discussion begins with a brief look at ancient Chinese alimentary writing and then moves on to its main concern: the exploration and textual analysis of themes of eating in modern Chinese literature from the May Fourth period through the post-Tiananmen era. The broad historical scope of this volume illustrates how widely applicable eating-related metaphors can be. For instance, Yue shows how cannibalism symbolizes old China under European colonization in the writing of Lu Xun. In Mo Yan's 1992 novel Liquorland, however, cannibalism becomes the symbol of overindulgent consumerism. Yue considers other writers as well, such as Shen Congwen, Wang Ruowang, Lu Wenfu, Zhang Zianliang, Ah Cheng, Zheng Yi, and Liu Zhenyun. A special section devoted to women writers includes a chapter on Xiao Hong, Wang Anyi, and Li Ang, and another on the Chinese-American women writers Jade Snow Wong, Maxine Hong Kingston, and Amy Tan. Throughout, the author compares and contrasts the work of these writers with similarly themed Western literature, weaving a personal and political semiotics of eating.
The Mouth That Begs will interest sinologists, literary critics, anthropologists, cultural studies scholars, and everyone curious about the semiotics of food.
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aesthetic Ah Cheng's alimentary allegorical ancient China artistic Bo Yi body cannibalism carnal carnivorism Chess King Chinese American Communist Confucian consciousness consumption cooking critical Cultural Revolution death Ding discourse eating embodiment experience father feast fiction figure flavors flesh gourmet Guangxi historical Hong's human hunger hungry ideological imagination irony Joy Luck Club Liquorland literary Lu Xun Madman madness Maoist Marx Marxism material meaning meat metaphor Mo Yan Mo Yan's mode modern China moral mother mouth narrative narrator narrator's novel novella oral peasant piece poetic political post-Mao postrevolutionary reading reality reconstruction Red Sorghum revolutionary rhetorical ritual scene semantic sense Shen Congwen Shen's Shu Qi signifies social society Songzi story survival symbolic Tan's taste term textual theme tion tradition trope truth turns voice Wang Wang Anyi Wang's woman women Wong words writing Xiao Hong Xun's Yan'an Yi Yin Zhang Zheng Yi Zhou