## Aspects of scientific explanation: and other essays in the philosophy of science |

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Page 376

of probabilistic inference such arguments do not depend upon the

general empirical laws. According to Carnap's theory of inductive logic,5i for

example, such inferences are possible on purely logical grounds; the information

...

of probabilistic inference such arguments do not depend upon the

**assumption**ofgeneral empirical laws. According to Carnap's theory of inductive logic,5i for

example, such inferences are possible on purely logical grounds; the information

...

Page 469

logically incompatible.7 This result certainly must serve as a warning against the

, is reasonably clear, and that the formulation of criteria which make the notion ...

logically incompatible.7 This result certainly must serve as a warning against the

**assumption**that the idea of rationality, or of the best way to act in a given situation, is reasonably clear, and that the formulation of criteria which make the notion ...

Page 476

In the parlance of our earlier discussion, therefore, the test of our goal attribution

appears to presuppose the

rational relative to his objectives and beliefs. This would mean that the way in

which we ...

In the parlance of our earlier discussion, therefore, the test of our goal attribution

appears to presuppose the

**assumption**that A will choose an action that isrational relative to his objectives and beliefs. This would mean that the way in

which we ...

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary