## Aspects of scientific explanation: and other essays in the philosophy of science |

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Page 147

For

division of humans into male and female are each associated, by general laws or

by statistical connections, with a large variety of concomitant physical,

physiological ...

For

**example**, the two sets of primary sex characteristics which determine thedivision of humans into male and female are each associated, by general laws or

by statistical connections, with a large variety of concomitant physical,

physiological ...

Page 200

However, if we do not require a finite observational criterion of application for

each permissible value of a theoretical functor, then an infinity of different values

may become available.38 Consider, for

...

However, if we do not require a finite observational criterion of application for

each permissible value of a theoretical functor, then an infinity of different values

may become available.38 Consider, for

**example**, the functor 'the number of cells...

Page 352

For

theoretical principles is clearly not an explanation by causes. But even when

used to account for individual events, D-N explanations are not always causal.

For

**example**, the explanation of a general law by deductive subsumption undertheoretical principles is clearly not an explanation by causes. But even when

used to account for individual events, D-N explanations are not always causal.

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary