## Aspects of scientific explanation: and other essays in the philosophy of science |

### From inside the book

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Page 7

The theories dealing with the

the "

(or propositions ; it is not always clear which is meant) ;5 the "statistical" ...

The theories dealing with the

**probability**of hypotheses fall into two main groups:the "

**logical**" theories construe**probability**as a**logical**relation between sentences(or propositions ; it is not always clear which is meant) ;5 the "statistical" ...

Page 389

and "black ball," D is a random experiment in which the probability of obtaining a

white ball is p( W,D) = .999. ... This rule is in keeping with the conception, set forth

by Carnap, of

and "black ball," D is a random experiment in which the probability of obtaining a

white ball is p( W,D) = .999. ... This rule is in keeping with the conception, set forth

by Carnap, of

**logical probability**as a fair betting quotient for a bet on h on the ...Page 406

If a general definition and theory of

the condition comes to this: the

predictive argument by the premises alone should equal the

...

If a general definition and theory of

**logical**, or inductive,**probability**is available,the condition comes to this: the

**probability**conferred upon the conclusion of thepredictive argument by the premises alone should equal the

**probability**imparted...

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary