## Aspects of scientific explanation: and other essays in the philosophy of science |

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Page 302

our earlier examples of explanatory arguments. In the simplest case, a law of

strictly universal form, or briefly, a universal law, is a statement to the effect that in

all ...

**statistical laws**differ in form from strictly universal laws of the kind mentioned inour earlier examples of explanatory arguments. In the simplest case, a law of

strictly universal form, or briefly, a universal law, is a statement to the effect that in

all ...

Page 376

of probabilistic inference such arguments do not depend upon the assumption of

general empirical

the form of a general

...

of probabilistic inference such arguments do not depend upon the assumption of

general empirical

**laws**. ... But that assumption, when explicitly spelled out, hasthe form of a general

**law**of**statistic**-probabilistic form; hence, the predictions are...

Page 381

They involve the deduction of a statement in the form of a

explanans that contains indispensably at least one law or theoretical principle of

statistical form. The deduction is effected by means of the mathematical theory of

...

They involve the deduction of a statement in the form of a

**statistical law**from anexplanans that contains indispensably at least one law or theoretical principle of

statistical form. The deduction is effected by means of the mathematical theory of

...

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary