## Aspects of scientific explanation: and other essays in the philosophy of science |

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Page 11

of symbolic logici8 by means of a

simplest case, (x)[P(x)z>Q(x)] i.e. 'For any object x: if* is a P, then x is a Q,' or also

'Occurrence of the quality P entails occurrence of the quality Q.' According to ...

of symbolic logici8 by means of a

**universal**conditional sentence, such as, in thesimplest case, (x)[P(x)z>Q(x)] i.e. 'For any object x: if* is a P, then x is a Q,' or also

'Occurrence of the quality P entails occurrence of the quality Q.' According to ...

Page 266

First of all, lawlike sentences are statements of

eggs are greenish- blue', 'All metals are conductors of electricity', 'At constant

pressure, any gas expands with increasing temperature'. As these examples ...

First of all, lawlike sentences are statements of

**universal**form, such as 'All robins'eggs are greenish- blue', 'All metals are conductors of electricity', 'At constant

pressure, any gas expands with increasing temperature'. As these examples ...

Page 271

No sentence may contain free variables, so that generality is always expressed

by

syntactical terms, a number of auxiliary concepts. In the following definitions, S is

always ...

No sentence may contain free variables, so that generality is always expressed

by

**universal**quantification. For later reference, we now define, in purelysyntactical terms, a number of auxiliary concepts. In the following definitions, S is

always ...

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### Contents

Studies in the Logic of Confirmation | 3 |

Postscript 1964 on Confirmation | 47 |

Inductive Inconsistencies | 53 |

Copyright | |

10 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

accepted adequate analogous antecedent application argument assertion assumption atomic sentences basic behavior Carnap causal character characteristics characterized clearly cognitive significance connections consequence considered construal construed criteria criterion deductive deductive-nomological defined definiens definition of confirmation disconfirmation discussion empirical science equivalent essay event example existential clause explanandum explanans explanatory explicit expressed fact finite formulation functional analysis given hypothesis illustrated imply individual inductive inductive logic inference interpretation kind latter lawlike sentences logical probability logically equivalent means nomic object observation report observation sentences occurrence operational definition outcome particular phenomena phenomenon Philosophy of Science physical possible postdiction prediction premises present probabilistic problem procedure question rational reduction sentences reference relevant requirement rules satisfy schematic scientific explanation sense singular sentence specified statements statistical laws statistical probability statistical syllogisms suggested testability theoretical principles theoretical terms theory total evidence true universal vocabulary