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DICTIONARY

OF

NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY

I

Gray

Gray GRAY. [See also GREY.]

of Fowlis (Acts of the Parliaments of Scot

land, ii. 60; cf. Exchequer Rolls, v. 198). In GRAY, ANDREW, first LORD GRAY June 1444 he is mentioned in the customs (1380 ?-1469), was the only son of Sir An- accounts as simply Sir Andrew Gray of Fowdrew Gray of Fowlis, Perthshire, by his first lis. As the title of Lord Gray occurs on the wife, Janet, daughter of Sir Roger de Morti- union roll of the Scottish peers immediately mer, whom he married in 1377. He is usually after that of Lord Saltoun, which was created styled second Lord Gray, and the creation of on 28 June 1115, it may be presumed that the title is said to have taken place in 1437 in Sir Andrew Gray was created a peer by the the person of his father. But this is now re- title of Lord Gray of Fowlis on the same occognised as a mistake (BURKE, Peerage, voce casion. Moray'). The title was not created until In 1449 Lord Gray was appointed one of a 1445. Sir Andrew Gray, who died before parliamentary committee to examine previous 17 July 1145, is referred to by his son An- acts of parliament and general councils, and drew in a charter of that date, as well as in a report to next parliament their existing later deed, dated 16 Jan. 1149-50, as deceased, validity. On various occasions between that and under the designation merely of Sir An- year and 1460 he was employed as one of the drew Gray, knight, the rank he held at the Scottish ambassadors to negotiate treaties of time of his death (Registrum Magni Sigilli, peace and truce with England, and of these ii. No. 767; Peerage of Scotland, Wood's edit., treaties he was generally appointed a conseri. 666).

vator. He acted

too in the capacity of warden Andrew Gray the younger of Fowlis was of the marches. In 1451, along with the abbot accepted in 14:21 by the English government of Melrose and others, he received a safe-conas one of the hostages for the payment of the duct to enable him to make a pilgrimage to ransom of James I of Scotland, apparently in Canterbury, and in the following year he place of his father, whose estate is estimated became master of the household to James II. at the time as being worth six hundred merks On 26 Aug. 1452 the king granted him a yearly. His father presented a letter to the license to build a castle on any part of his English government, in which the hostage is lands, and he built Castle Huntly on his estate said to be his only son and heir, promising of Longforgan in the carse of Gowrie. This fidelity on behalf of his son, and also that he castle was long the residence of the family. would not disinherit him on account of his On being sold to the Earl of Strathmore in acting as a hostage (Federa, Ilague ed. iv. 1615, its name was changed to Castle Lyon. pt. iv. 112). Young Gray was then sent to It was, however, repurchased in 1777 by the castle of Pontefract, and was afterwards George Paterson, who married Anne, daughcommitted to the custody of the constable of ter of John, eleventh baron Gray,and restored the Tower of London, with whom he remained the original name to the castle. until 1427, when he was exchanged for Mal- Gray in 1455 was one of the nobles who colm Fleming,son of the laird of Cumbernauld. sealed the process of forfeiture against the In 1436 he accompanied Princess Margaret Earl of Douglas. In the following year the of Scotland to France, on the occasion of her abbot of Scone sued him for paying the dues marriage to the dauphin. On 1 July 1445 of Inchmartin in bad grain. He took an occurs the first reference to him as Lord Gray active part in parliamentary work, and in

VOL. XXIII, a

B

1464 was appointed one of the lords auditors preachers who were powerfully influenced for hearing and determining civil causes. He by the venerable Leighton. His talents and accompanied James III to Berwick, by ap- learning favourably impressed Principal Gilpointment of parliament, 5 March 1464-5, lespie. He was licensed to preach in 1653, where he with others had the plenary autho- and was ordained to the collegiate charge of rity of parliament to ratify the truce which the Outer High Church of Glasgow on 3 Nov. was being negotiated between the Scottish 1653, although only in his twentieth year, and English ambassadors at Newcastle. He notwithstanding some remonstrance. One of died in 1469, probably towards the end of the remonstrants, Robert Baillie, refers in his that year, being mentioned as deceased in Letters and Journals’to the high flown, rhethe precept of clare constat granted by David, torical style’of the youthful preacher, and deearl of Crawford, to his grandson and suc- scribes his ordination as taking place over the cessor, on 20 Jan. 1469-70.

belly of the town's protestation. His ministry He married, by contract dated 31 Aug.1418, proved eminently successful, and although Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir John We only of three years' duration, in the profound myss of Wemyss and Reres, with whom it impression produced during his lifetime, and was stipulated he should receive as dowry a the sustained popularity of his published 201. land in Strathardle, Perthshire. Failure works, Gray had few rivals in the Scottish in observing this condition gave rise to liti- church. He died on 8 Feb. 1656, after a brief gation between the two families at a later illness, of a purple'fever, and was interred in date (Memorials of the Family of Wemyss of Blackadder's or St. Fergus's Aisle, Glasgow Wemyss, by Sir William Fraser, i. 66, 67, Cathedral. On the walls of the aisle his 75). Elizabeth Wemyss survived Lord Gray. initials and date of death may be seen deeply They had issue two sons and two daughters: incised. Gray married Rachael, daughter of (1) Sir Patrick Gray of Kinneff, who mar- Robert Baillie of Jerviswood, and had a son, ried Annabella, daughter of Alexander, lord William, born at Glasgow in March 1655, who Forbes, and obtained from his father certain probably died young. He had also a daughter, lands in Kincardineshire; he predeceased his Rachael, who was served heir to her father on father, but left a son, Andrew, who suc- 26 June 1669. His widow remarried George ceeded his grandfather as second Lord Gray; Hutcheson, minister at Irvine. (2) Andrew, ancestor of the families of Gray Many of Gray's sermons and communion of Schives and Pittendrum ;(3) Margaret,who addresses were taken down at the time of demarried Robert, lord Lyle; and (1) Christian, livery, chiefly in shorthand by his wife, and who married James Crichton of Strathurd. were published posthumously. Some yet

[Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, ii. 36- remain in unpublished manuscripts. Pre195, xii. 30; Acta Auditorum, pp. 3, 6; Regis- Restoration editions are extremely rare, but trum Magni Sigilli, vol. ii. passim; Exchequer a few are still extant. The following are the Rolls of Scotland, vols. iv-viii.; Rotuli Scotiæ, chief editions known: 1. “The Mystery of ii. 245–458 ; Rymer's Federa, Hague ed., iv. Faith opened up: the Great Salvation and pt. ir. 102–30, v. pt. ii. 11-89.] H. P. sermons on Death,' edited by the Revs. R.

Trail and J. Stirling, Glasgow, 1659 (in posGRAY, ANDREW (1633-1656), Scot- session of the writer), and London, 1660, 12mo tish divine, was born in a house still stand-(Brit. Mus.), both with a dedication to Sir ing on the north side of the Lawnmarket, Archibald Johnston, lord Warriston, afterEdinburgh, in August 1633 (bap. reg. 23). wards suppressed ; Glasgow, 1668, 12mo; He was fourth son and eleventh child in a Edinburgh, 1669, 1671, 1678, 1697,12mo; ten family of twenty-one, his father being Sir editions in 12mo, Glasgow, between 1714 and William Gray, bart.., of Pittendrum (d. 1648), 1766. The sermons on "The Great Salvation' an eminent merchant and royalist, descended and on‘Death’appeared separately, the former from Andrew, first lord Gray [q.v.] His mo- edited by the Rev. Robert Trail, London, 1694, ther was Geils or Egidia Smyth, sister to Sir 16mo, the latter at Edinburgh, 1814, 12mo. John Smyth of Grothill, at one time provost 2.‘Great and Precious Promises,'edited by the of Edinburgh. Andrew in his childhood was Revs. Robert Trail and John Stirling, dinplayful and fond of pleasure; but while he burgh, 1669, 12mo (Brit. Mus.); Glasgow, was quite young his thoughts were suddenly 1669, 12mo; Edinburgh, 1671 and 1678; and given a serious turn by reflecting on the piety six editions, Glasgow, in 12mo,

between 1715 of a beggar whom he met near Leith. Re- and 1764. 3. 'Directions and Instigations solved to enter the ministry, he studied at the to the Duty of Prayer,' Glasgow, 1669, 12mo universities both of St. Andrews and Edin- (Mitchell Library, Glasgow); Edinburgh, burgh. He graduated at the former in 1651. 1670, 1671, 1678; eight editions, Glasgow, Gray was one of that band of youthful between 1715 and 1771. 4. “The Spiritual Warfare,' Edinburgh, 1671, 12mo (in posses- both Lord and Lady Gray were convicted of sion of the

writer); London, 1673, 8vo, with being popish recusants, and the lady's estates preface by Thomas Manton; Edinburgh, 1678, in Kent and Somersetshire were seized by the 12mo; London, 1679, 12mo; Edinburgh, 1693, king, who decided to accept two-thirds thereof 1697; seven editions, Glasgow, in 12mo, be- in payment of all forfeitures (ib. 1629, pp. 447, tween 1715 and 1764; Aberdeen, 1832, 12mo. 522). 5. 'Eleven Communion Sermons,' with letter In 1628 Gray subscribed, with several other written by Gray on his deathbed to Lord Scottish barons, a submission in reference to Warriston, Edinburgh, 1716, 8vo (dedicated his teinds in favour of Charles I at Whiteto John Clerk of Penicuik) ; five editions; hall

. He was also prevailed upon by the 12mo, Glasgow, between 1730 and 1771. king to resign his hereditary sheriffship of

The works here numbered 1 to 5 were re- Forfarshire for fifty thousand merks (about issued as “The Whole Works of the Reverend 2,9001. sterling), and obtained the king's and Pious Mr. Andrew Gray, Glasgow, 1762, bond for that sum, but the money was never 1789, 1803, 1813, 8vo; Paisley, 1762, 1769, paid. In 1628, also, Charles ordered the 8vo; Falkirk, 1789, 8vo; Aberdeen, 1839,8vo Scottish council of war to admit Gray as one (with preface by the Rev. W. King Tweedie). of their number, whose affection to his ser

From a manuscript collection of sixty-one vice he attests; and in 1630 Gray sat as one other sermons, eleven were published as vol.i. of the Scottish parliamentary commissioners of an intended series, with preface by the on the Fisheries Treaty. When Charles took Rev. John Willison of Dundee, in 1746. The arms against the Scots in 1639 he employed fifty remaining sermons appeared later in Gray, then on leave of absence from service another volume as . Select Sermons by ... in France, to obtain information about the Mr. Andrew Gray,' Edinburgh, 1765, 8vo; progress of his opponents in Scotland. Gray Falkirk, 1792, 8vo. From the 1746 volume met the king at York on his return, and rewas reissued separately, with a Gaelic trans- ported the advance of the covenanters upon lation by J. Gillies (Glasgow,1851,12mo), the Berwick and their strength. On 29 May he sermon on Canticles iii. 11. Two single ser- received a passport 'to repair to his charge mons, not apparently published elsewhere, under the French king,' in whose service at one on Exod. xxxiv. 6, the other on Job xxiii. that time he commanded a regiment of a 3, appeared respectively at Edinburgh in 1774 thousand foot (W. FORBES LEITH, The Scots and at Glasgow in 1782.

Men-at-Arms and Life Guards in France, ii. [Parish Registers, Edinb. and Glasgow; Ma-211). In the following August, however, he tricul. Reg., Št. Andrews; Wodrow's Analecta, was again in England (State Papers, Dom. Retours, &c.; Hew Scott's Fasti Eccles. Scotic. 1639, pp. 58, 67, 139, 247, 419). pt. iii. p. 22; Baillie's Letters and Journals. A

Gray was a strong royalist, and was implilarge collection of Gray's works is in the posses- cated with Montrose in some proceedings sion of the present writer.]

W. G.

against the covenanters. He was excomGRAY, ANDREW, seventh LORD GRAY municated as an obdurate papist by the (d. 1663), was the eldest son of Patrick, sixth general assembly in 1649 (LAMONT, Diary, lord Gray [q. v.], better known as Master p. 12). Under the Commonwealth he was of Gray, and his second wife, Lady Mary fined' 1,5001. sterling, by Cromwell's act of Stewart. He succeeded as Lord Gray in 1612, grace and pardon, in 1654. The fine was reand on 22 Feb. 1614 received a crown charter duced in the following year to 5001., for payof the lands of Fowlis and others to himself ment of which, probably, he borrowed from his and his wife, Margaret Ogilvie, daughter of brother-in-law, David, second earlof Wemyss, Walter, lord Deskford, and relict of James, the sum of ten thousand merks (about 5561. earl of Buchan. On the re-formation of the sterling); the earl wrote off that amount in company of Scots gens d'armes in France in 1677 as a 'desperate debt’ (SIR WILLIAM FRA1624, under the captaincy of Lord Gordon, earl SER, Memorials of the Family of Wemyss of of Enzie, Gray was appointed lieutenant, and Wemyss, i. 287). At the request of Charles II rendered considerable service in the French and his brother James, duke of York, while wars of that period. On the outbreak of hos- they were in exile in France, Gray resigned tilities between England and France in 1627 his lieutenancy of the Scots gens d'armes in he came to England, and there married Mary, favour of Marshal Schomberg, to the great lady Sydenham, widow of Sir John Syden- regret of many of the Scots, as the office had ham, 'she being fourscore, and he four-and- always formerly been held by a Scotchman, twenty,' writes a correspondent to Edmund and was never recovered. He lived in ScotParr (State Papers, Dom. 1628, p. 58). But land after the Restoration, and was in 1663 the writer must have been mistaken, at least appointed a justice of the peace for the county about the age of Gray. In the following year of Perth. He died in the course of that year. By his first marriage Gray had issue one 1831. Gray was from the first an orthodox son, Patrick, who was killed, between 1630 evangelical, a vigorous supporter of reform and 1639, at the siege of a town in France, in the church of Scotland, and a pronounced and one daughter, Anna, who was styled enemy to all that savoured of Romish docMistress of Gray. On his visit to Scotland trine. Hle publicly defended the Anti-Pain 1639 Gray married his daughter to William tronage Society as early as 1825, and agiGray, the son and heir of his kinsman, Sir tated for the Chapels Act, by which ministers William Gray of Pittendrum, and, resigning of chapels-of-ease became members of presbyhis honours and estates into the king's hands, teries. In 1834 he was admitted under this obtained a new patent in favour of himself act a member of the Aberdeen presbytery. On in life-rent and the heirs male of his daugh- 14 July 1836 he was appointed minister of ter and her husband in fee; this arrange- the West Church, Perth, where he remained ment was ratified by parliament in 1611. till his death. Gray was a very energetic Gray, however, married again, his third wife leader in the controversies which resulted in being Catherine Cadell, and by her he had a the disruption of 1813 and the foundation of daughter, Frances, who in 1661 was seized in the Free church. A pamphlet by him, “The London, on her way to France, at the insti- present Conflict between Civil and Ecclesiasgation of Chancellor Glencairn, and sent to tical Courts examined,' Edinburgh, 1839,8vo, Newgate until she found bail, which she had a wide circulation and great influence. pleaded she could not do, being a stranger On his secession from the church of Scotland and destitute of friends (State Papers, Dom. nearly all his congregation followed him, 1661). She afterwards married Captain Mac- His new church was opened 28 Oct. 1813. kenzie, son of Murdoch Mackenzie, bishop of In 1815 he drew up at the request of the Moray and Orkney. Gray was succeeded by Free church leaders. A Catechism of the his grandson, Patrick, the son of his daughter Principles of the Free Church' (1845 and Anna.

1848), which involved him in a controversy [Acts of Parl. Scotl, vols. vi. vii.; Earl of Stir- with the Duke of Argyll. In December 1841 ling's Reg. of Royal Letters, pp. 169, 253, 675; Gray was commissioned to visit Switzerland State Papers, Dom. 1628–61.]

H. P. to express the sympathy of the Free church

with the suspended ministers of the Canton GRAY, ANDREW (d. 1728), divine, of de Vaud; he extended his tour to ConstanScottish family, was the first minister of a tinople. In 1855 he was appointed convener congregation of protestant dissenters at Tint- of the Glasgow evangelisation committee, wistle in the parish of Mottram-in-Longden- and he was always active in home missions dale, Cheshire. He subsequently joined the and in spreading education. Failing health church of England, and was appointed vicar made another long continental tour necessary of Mottram, and while there published a vo- in 1859. He died at Perth 10 March 1861. Ile lume entitled ' A Door opening into Everlast- married, 23 July 1834, Barbara, daughter of ing Life,' 1706, which was reprinted in 1810, Alexander Cooper. Robert Smith Candlish with an introductory é recommendation' by [q. v.] collected nineteen of Gray's sermons, the Rev. M. Olerenshaw. Another book, with memoir and portrait, under the title * The Mystery of Grace,' is also ascribed to 'Gospel Contrasts and Parallels,' Edinburgh, him. He left Mottram about 1716, and died 1862. at Anglezark, near Rivington, Lancashire.

[Dr. Candlish's Memoir, 1862; Brit. Mus. Cat.; His will was proved by his widow, Dorothy Hew Scott's Fasti, pt. iv. p. 618.] Gray, on 19 Feb. 1727-8, so that he died shortly before that date.

GRAY, CHARLES (1782-1851), captain [Earwaker's East Cheshire, ii. 131 ; Noncon- in the royal navy and song-writer, was born formity in Cheshire, ed. Urwick, 1864, p. 355.]

at Anstruther, Fifeshire, on 10 March 1782. C. W. S. His education and early training fitted him

for the sea, and in 1805, through the influGRAY, ANDREW (1805–1861), Scottish ence of a maternal uncle, he received a compresbyterian divine, born at Aberdeen, 2 Nov. mission in the Woolwich division of the 1805, went first to a school kept by Gilbert, royal marines. He was thirty-six years in father of Forbes Falconer (q. v.], and after the service, and retired on a captain's full wards to Marischal College, where he gra- pay in 1811. He spent the remainder of his duated A.M. in 1824, and passed through the days in Edinburgh, devoting himself zealously theological course (1824-8). He was licensed to the production and the criticism of Scotto preach by the Aberdeen presbytery 25 June tish song. He had published in 1811 a volume 1829, and became minister of a chapel-of- entitled Poems and Songs,' which went into ease at Woodside, near Aberdeen, 1 Sept. a second edition at the end of three years.

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