War, Law and Humanity: The Campaign to Control Warfare, 1853-1914

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Bloomsbury Publishing, Jun 28, 2018 - History - 280 pages
War, Law and Humanity tells the story of the transatlantic campaign to either mitigate the destructive forces of the battlefield, or prevent wars from being waged altogether, in the decades prior to the disastrous summer of 1914. Starting with the Crimean War of the 1850s, James Crossland traces this campaign to control warfare from the scandalous barracks of Scutari to the shambolic hospitals of the American Civil War, from the bloody sieges of Paris and Erzurum to the combative conference halls of Geneva and The Hague, uncovering the intertwined histories of a generation of humanitarians, surgeons, pacifists and utopians who were shocked into action by the barbarism and depravities of war. By examining the fascinating personal accounts of these figures, Crossland illuminates the complex motivations and influential actions of those committed to the campaign to control war, demonstrating how their labours built the foundation for the ideas – enshrined in our own times as international norms – that soldiers need caring for, weapons need restricting and wars need rules.
 

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Contents

A Time for Angels
1
1 The Crimean Crucible
7
2 CitizenHumanitarians
25
3 The Union Way
43
4 Visions from Geneva
57
5 How Best to Serve the Suffering?
77
6 When Angels Go to War
99
7 Humanity and Necessity
115
8 The Sound of Drums
133
9 Enter the PeaceSeekers
153
10 Regulating Apocalypse
173
The Campaign Ends?
191
Notes
199
Bibliography
231
Index
251
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About the author (2018)

James Crossland is Senior Lecturer in International History at Liverpool John Moores University, UK. He is the author of Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939-1945 (2014), the first study of Britain's humanitarian policy during the Second World War. He has published widely on the history of wartime humanitarianism, international law and the Red Cross movement.

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