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families, and those whom age has rendered veo nerable, are called upon to use their authority and influence for the glory of God, and the good of others. Bad men themselves discover an inward conviction of this, for they are often liberal in their reproaches of persons of grave characters or religious profession if they bear with patience the profanity of others. Instead of enlarging on the duty of men in authority in general, I must particularly recommend this matter to those who have the command of soldiers enlisted for the defence of their country. The cause is facred, and the champions for it ought to be holy. Nothing is more grieving to the heart of a good man,' than to hear from those who are going into the field of battle, the horrid found of cursing and blasphemy. It cools the ardour of his prayers, as well as abates his confidence and hope in God. Many more circumstances affect me in such a case than I can enlarge upon, or indeed easily enumerate at present: the glory of God, the interest of the deluded sinner, going, like a devoted victim, and imprecating vengeance on his own head, as well as the cause itself committed to his care. We have sometimes taken the liberty to forebode the downfall of the British empire, from the corruption and degeneracy of the people. Unhappily the British soldiers have been distinguished among all the nations in Europe, for the most
fhocking profanity. Shall we then pretend to emulate them in this infernal distinction, or rob them of the horrid privilege ? God forbid ! Let the officers of the army, in every degree, remember, that, as military subjection while it lasts is the most compleat of any, it is in their power greatly to restrain, if not wholly to ba. nish, this flagrant enormity.
2. I exhort all who are not called to go into the field, to apply themselves, with the utmost diligence, to works of industry.
It is in your power, by this means, not only to supply the necessities, but to add to the ftrength of your country. Habits of industry prevailing in a society not only increase its wealth, as their immediate effect, but they prevent the introduction of many vices, and are intimately connected with fobriety and good morals. Idlenefs is the mother or nurse of almost every vice; and want, which is its infeparable companion, urges men on to the most abandoned and destructive courses. Industry, therefore, is a moral virtue of the greatest moment, absolutely necessary to national prosperity, and the sure way of obtaining the blefling of God. I would also observe, that in this, as well as in every other part of God's government, obedience to his will is as much a natural mean, as a meritorious cause of the advantage we wish to reap from it. Industry brings up a firm and G
hardy hardy race. He who is inured to the labour of the field, is prepared for the fatigues of a campaign. The active farmer, who rises with the dawn, and follows his team or plow, must, in the end, be an over-match for those effeminate and delicate soldiers who are nursed in the lap of self-indulgence, and whose greatest exertion is the important preparation for, and tedious attendance on, a masquerade or midnight ball.
3. In the last place, suffer me to recommend to you frugality in your families, and every other article of expence.
This the state of things among us renders absolutely necessary, and it stands in the most immediate connection both with virtuous in. dustry and active public spirit. Temperance in meals, moderation in dress, furniture, and equipage, have, I think, generally been characteristics of a distinguished patriot. And when the fame spirit pervades a people in general, they are fit for every duty, and able to encounter the most formidable enemy. The general subject of the preceding discourse has beenThe wrath of man praising God. If the unjust oppression of your enemy, which witholds from you many of the usual articles of luxury and magnificence, shall contribute to make you clothe yourselves and your children with the work of your own hands, and cover your tables with
the falutary productions of your own soil, it will be a new illustration of the same truth, and a real happiness to yourselves and country. . I could wish to have every thing done from the purest and the noblest views Consider therefore, that the Christian character, particularly the self-denial of the gospel, should extend to your whole deportment. In the early times of Christianity, when adult converts were admitted to baptism, they were asked, among other questions, Do you renounce the world? its fhews, its pomp, and its vanities? I do. The form of this is still preserved in the admiftration of baptism, where we renounce the devil, the world, and the flesh. This certainly implies not only abstaining from gross acts of intemperance and excess, but a humility of carriage, a restraint and moderation in all your desires. The same thing, as it is suitable to your Christian profession, is also necessary to make you truly independent in yourselves, and to feed the source of liberality and charity to others, or to the publick. The riotous and wasteful liver, whose craving appetites make him constantly needy, is, and must be, subject to many maters, according to the saying of Solomon, the vorrower is servant to the lender. But the frugal moderate person, who guides his affairs with discretion, is able to allitt in publick councils, by a free and unbiased judgment, to supply che wants of his poor brethren, and fometimes, by his estate and substance, to give important aid to a finking country.
Upon the whole, I befeech you to make a wise improvement of the present threatening afpect of public affairs, and to remember, that your duty to God; to your country, to your families, and to yourselves, is the same. True religion is nothing else, but an inward temper and outward conduct, fuited to your state and circumstances in providence at any time. And as peace with God, and conformity to him, adds to the fweetness of created comforts while we possess them, so, in times of difficulty and trial, ic is in the man of piety and inward prineiple that we may expect to find the uncorrupted patriot, the useful citizen, and the invincible soldier. God grant, that in America true religion and civil liberty may be inseparable, and that the unjust attempts to destroy the one may, in the issue, tend to the support and establishment of both.