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beast. It would seem that himself, his wives and “Agonistes" prevents, it may be, a candid judgment offspring were half dead with hunger when they of the modern ballad. We should like to see the came into the camp. The favourite wife," the second poem of the series; and we trust the enhuge-mouthed Nomah," devours pounds of nearly couragement afforded to the first will be, as it raw beef, seasoned with wood-ashes, at a sitting : ought to be, sufficient to induce the author to pro

The very infants, like the ravenous whelps of wolves, ceed with his design. appeared to have an innate relish for blood ; and whilst these royal imps, in a state of pot-bellied repletion, were disputing with hungry curs the possession of a few morsels Helen of Innspruck ; or, The Maid of the Tyrol. cast to them by their affectionate parents, the followers A Poem, in Six Cantos. London: Hamilton, outside the shed were equally busy with the more disgust- Adams and Co. Bristol: Henry Oldland. 1852. ing offal, which had been rejected from the regal repast: at We are informed in a short prefatory notice that the conclusion of which the royal paws, covered with the greasy residue of the feast, would be purified by ample this poem was originally composed for the amuseablutions of cow.dung.

ment of a child—that it was hastily conceived and It is curious to notice the confidence with which as promptly executed. It bears, however, but the writer of this book looks forward to the speedy

few marks of hastiness in its composition. The conclusion of the Kaffir war under the energetic verse, which is in the Spenserian measure

, is fluent rule of Sir Harry Smith. He has not the shadow and melodious throughout, and is the vehicle of much of a doubt but that the hero of Aliwal will settle true poetic sentiment. The plot, though simple, the whole business in a few weeks by the utter is ingenious and not improbable. Helen, the subjugation of the rebels. We all know the value heroine, is a Perdita whom Hofer has rescued in of this confident prophecy. In another respect his her infancy from perishing in the snow, and who penetration is more creditable to him. He recom- has grown into a lovely woman at the period when mends in his second volume the very measure

the action of the poem begins. After the betrayal which General Cathcart has lately adopted; that and murder of Hofer, her parentage is discovered, is, the destruction of the cattle as fast as they are

and she marries the object of her choice, a young captured ; and really since the ox, in this strange Englishman who was the companion of the patriot battle-field, seems to be the casus belli, there appears martyr in his gallant struggles for freedom. The some chance of terminating the strife by removing principal events of that mountain warfare are well him out of the way.

pourtrayed in vigorous verse, and justice is done The author has an interview with Gordon Cum to the memory of the great man whom France so ming, the mighty hunter of the desert, of whom basely slew. This little volume will be read with some strange things are narrated, which we have much pleasure by the young and enthusiastic, not space to quote. The following passage on the while those who are neither the one nor the other subject of Jan Tzatzoe we recommend to the friends will gather from its perusal the conviction that the of missions, as being probably susceptible of a writer, if he will abandon hasty conceptions and modifying commentary.

prompt executions, and give his muse a fair chance, It may perhaps not be generally known to the religious possesses the power of producing something of far British public, that this pretended convert to Chris

value.

greater tianity, who, under the auspices of a certain reverend doctor, was a few years since smuggled from the Cape, The Course of Faith; or, the Practical Believer paraded at Exeter Hall, and excited such ill-directed sympathy in England, appeared foremost in arms against us

Delineated. By John ANGELL JAMES. London: during the late Kaffir war.

Hamilton, Adams and Co., Paternoster-row. BirThis may be true, for aught we know, and Jan

mingham: Hudson and Son; and R. Matthison.

1852. may have been as good a Christian as Lieut.-Col. The name of John Angell James, and the practical E. Napier, notwithstanding.

character of all his writings, are so well known in

the religious world that it would be superfluous in Lays of Ancient Israel. By a Loiterer in the Holy us to do more than direct the attention of the

Land. The Last of the Judges; or, Samson the reader to the fact that a new publication from his Strong: Being the First of a Series of Old Testa. pen has made its appearance. This volume, we ment Ballads. London: Partridge and Oakey, are told, is the substance of a course of week-day Paternoster-row. 1852.

sermons preached in Birmingham a few years The author of the “ Last of the Judges" possesses since. We are not forbidden, however, to suppose considerable power as a versifier. We do not in- that they have been carefully revised and finished tend to signify by this faint praise that there is no since their delivery from the pulpit. Both in poetry in the composition before us; there is, on point of style and in point of matter they bear the contrary, a great deal of poetic imagery in evidence of carefulness and deliberation. Though these pages, and we have read them with a certain the volume be but small the subject is comprehendegree of pleasure. But there is a want of vigour sively treated, and we need hardly say to those and of climax, and of something else which it is who know anything of the author, that it is treated not very easy to define; the reader feels at times as in a manner perfectly intelligible to the mass of though he were on the very verge of excellence, readers. Had we space to spare we should feel which yet he never arrives at. Perhaps the sha- tempted to extract the definition of Faith which dow of Milton haunts the mind while one reads a will be found in the first discourse of the song about Samson. The classic grandeur of the series; but it is too long for our columns, and we

fear our patrons would be inclined to think it As a family book, for use among young people, something too serious for a periodical devoted to we think the “ Domestic Memoirs" likely to be general literature. There is no doubt but this well received. They supply unexceptionable matter volume will make its way—not so rapidly, perhaps, for Sunday reading, matter well adapted for that as some popular productions of the same pen, but class who rarely read on any other day. The only as surely. It may be that it will last the longest drawback to this application of the book are the of all this author's performances.

various scraps of Latin quotations, which should

have been omitted. Domestic Memoirs of a Christian Family resident in

the County of Cumberland. With Descriptive Michele Orombello ; or, The Fatal Secret. A Tragedy Sketches of the Scenery of the British Lakes. By

in Three Acts. The Assassin ; or, The Riral Henry Tudor, Esq. Second Edition. London:

Lovers. A Tragedy in Five Acts. By GEORGE T. Hatchard, 187, Piccadilly. 1852.

Powell Thomas. London: W. Thacker and Co., Mr. Tudor is the Honorary Secretary of the Gros- Newgate-street. Calcutta: Thacker and Spink. venor District of the Church Missionary Society, Bombay; Thacker and Co. and he dedicates the profits of this work to the Of these two dramatic poems published in India, furtherance of the interests of that society. The Michele Orombello” is by far the cleverer producsale of the first edition realised a considerable tion. The character of Beatrice di Tenda, the misersum, and the author hopes, by the sale of another able wife of the ruffian Duke of Milan, is delineated impression at a reduced price, further to augment with considerable power; and the last scene, where his contributions to the Society's funds. The pur- she is made to witness the death of her long-lost chaser, therefore, of the “ Domestic Memoirs" will son, and exposes the infamy of her husband, is one have the satisfaction of doing a little towards aiding of fine dramatic effect. “The Assassin," the longer a good work. This is an inducement we should piece, in five acts, is less to our taste. The author not think of proffering to public acceptance were informs us that the incidents upon which it is based the volume before us an indifferent or unworthy are founded in fact; but it is easy to see that the production; because we have no notion of buy- foundation must be exceedingly narrow. By some ing a bad book to promote a good object. But Mr. strange misapprehension, the deeds of Mocenigo Tudor's book is upon the whole a good book, and and Rinaldo are at the outset jumbled together

. one which, being calculated to be useful, deserves One or other of them has gathered laurels in a to be extensively read. We do not agree with all recent war, but which of them is not so clear; but, the views of the writer, and, in some instances, as Rinaldo is preferred by the heroine, we suppose cannot recognise the force of the arguments by it must be he, though the other is landed as the which he defends even those with which we do successful warrior in the opening scene. The agree. It further appears to us that the chief per. villain Luigi triumphs up to the last moment, sonages of this “ Christian Family” are models of when his punishment is secured by the clumsy a perfection by far too complete for humanity, If artifice of a written confession, which he claims their prototypes are to be met with in Cumberland, from the confessor in the face of the tribunal which certain we are they are to be found nowhere else has acquitted him. The versification of these upon the face of the earth. We would climb Skid- dramas is correct and energetic—to poetry, in the daw through a November fog to get a glimpse of feeblest sense of the term, they have little claim. such a couple as Mr. and Mrs. Gracelove. There Clara is a namby-pamby bread-and-butter heroine is not a single character in the whole of the old of the boarding-school class, fit only for the wife Testament worthy to associate with them-and of a milk-sop, or to figure in finery in the front but one, whom it would be irreverent to name in this place, in the New. This is a fault in the book, three dashing fellows with long swords daring and

row 'of an opera-box; and one wonders to see but it is a venial one, and may be passed over in dying for her milk-and-water preference. consideration of its various compensating merits. Some of our social usages and their moral tendencies are discussed with considerable force and acu- The Celt, the Roman, and the Saxon : A History of men: among other subjects, the Sabbath question

the early Inhabitants of Britain, down to the Conis handled in a manner which admits of no appeal, version of the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity. Illusif the Bible is to be taken as an authority. There trated by the Aneient Remains brought to light by are nearly two chapters on the subject of Popery, recent research. By Thomas Wright, Esq., M.A, its absurdities, blasphemies and Mariolatry; and F.S.A., M.R.S.L., &c. London: Arthur Hall, Vir: chapter the twelfth gives a translation of Pope

tue and Co, Paternoster-row. 1852. Gregory XVI.'s Encyclical Letter on the subject ExPERIENCE has taught us to look upon the literary of the Bible societies, a document with which Pro- productions of the antiquary and the archæologist testants ought to be well acquainted.

with a certain amount of suspicion and mistrust

. Not the least pleasant parts of this book are the So much nonsense has from time to time been said descriptions of the lake scenery, where the author and written on the subject of ancient remains, and appears to be quite at home. These descriptions so many strange and preposterous notions have are interspersed through the several chapters, being been pushed into temporary acceptation by the aid introduced in the course of the narrative, the events of nondescript rubbish dug out of the earth, that of which take place mostly in the district of the we have grown instinctively sceptical on the sublakes.

ject of antiquity, and came long ago to the resolu

before us.

tion to believe no farther than we were fairly war-, have a morbid taste for the diabolical and the horranted in believing by the evidence of the facts set rible, he will be thankful to know that those whole

Mr. Wright, to whom the world is sale murders never were perpetrated save in the largely indebted for his extensive research and imaginations of a class with whom remoteness is cautious judgment, seems to be very much of the mystery, and mystery must needs be full of horror. same way of thinking. Though an enthusiastic The young student of English history will do antiquary and collector, he goes zealously in search, well to procure a copy of this book. It is not a not of marvels and miracles, but of simple truths volume which can be read once, and then laid and the facts of history. He has no favourite aside as done with. It contains a mass of infornotions to bolster up—no startling theory to esta- mation upon subjects familiar only to the accomblish; but he reads, and enables the student to plished archæologist, and must be referred to again read, the records of the past in the relics which and again in the course of a man's general reading. yet remain. A writer of solid scientific attainments, It is profusely illustrated with capital wood-enlabouring in such a spirit, could not fail of pro- gravings—in fact, as the author hints, its value ducing a work of value; and, accordingly, the would be greatly prejudiced without them and volume before us is one of sterling worth, calcu- no expense appears to have been spared by the lated to be of great practical utility to all students publishers in order to render the book worthy of of British history. The writer says, in his preface, a place in any library. that his object is "to give a sketch of that part of our history which is not generally treated of, the BOOKS RECEIVED-NOTICES DEFERRED. period before Britain became Christian England; Flowers from Foreign Lands (May). By Robert Tyas, the period, indeed, which, in the absence of docu- B.A., F.R.B.S. London: Houlston and Stoneman, Patermentary evidence, it is the peculiar province of the noster-row. 1852. antiquary to illustrate." We are inclined to think

Tracts on Finance and Trade. By R. Torrens, Esq.

F.R.S. London: Chapman and Hall, 193, Piccadilly. 1852. that Mr. Wright has done this as perfectly as it

Dictionary of Domestic Medicine and Household Surgery. was possible to do it within the compass of a single Part VI. By Spencer Thon.son, M.D. London: Groomvolume, with the means, still very imperfect, which bridge and Sons, Paternoster-row. the antiquary, whose documents are rocks and tained in the Scriptures. By Robert Duncan. Saltcoats :

A Help to the Knowledge of the Kingdom of God, as constones, coins and weapons, vases and vessels, pots Published for the author. 1852. and pans, and fragmentary inscriptions, &c., &c., Baptist Magazine for June. has at his command. We would refer to the second Sabbath Lessons for a Year ; and Tracts Nos, I., II. and chapter, which treats principally of the cromlechs, 111. on Christian Socialism. By the Rev. Samnel Martin. stone circles and stone monuments, with the huge

London : Ward and Co., Paternoster-row. barrows that one sees in some parts of the country, herd.

Reality ; or, Life's Inner Circle. By Mrs. Suvile Shep

London: John Farquhar Shaw, Paternoster-row. as evidencing the judicious spirit in which this Edinburgh: J. Menzies ; Dublin: J. Robertson. volume is written. Let the reader compare the

Lives of the Sovereigns of Russia. By George Fowler, contents of that chapter with the bloody Moloch Esq. Vol. 1. London: W. Shoberl, Great Marlborough

1852. sacrifices which have been sung by poets, bewailed

The Bookselling System. By a Retail Bookseller. Westby divines, and painted by Martin; and unless he minster: James Bigg and Sons, 63, Parliament-street.

1852.

1852

1852

street.

LIFE ASSURANCE COMPANIES.

Scottish Equitable Life Assurance Society. Looking to the progress and situation of the Society, the From the Report by the Directors of this Society to the members have, upon the whole, abundant reason for contwenty-first annual general meeting, held on 4th May, 1852, gratulation. The Report goes on to state that the Directors we learn that in regard to the business transacted during have seen cause to make policies indefeasible, after the the past year, the number of policies issued from 1st March, lapse of a certain time. This great boon was pressed anx1851, to 1st March, 1852, is 614. The sums thereby as- iously on the attention of the Directors; and they have sured amount to £290,850; and the premiums and entry. come to be of opinion that they can grant this without money thereon to £10,231. The policies lapsed by death injuring in the slightest respect the interests of the Society. during last year are 73 in number, assuring £50,175, the Parties now, who are able to answer certain questions, io bonuses on which amount to £10,006. The number of the effect that they have no immediate or probable inten. deaths which have occurred is seven more than in the pre- tion of going abroad for any purpose, will obtain an indeceding year, and the amount payable exceeds it by feasible policy ; so that in five years they will be able to go £10,010. But the rate of mortality is greatly under that to any part of the world they like, without the expense of upon which the Society's calculations are founded. The any extra premium. business of the year just concluded exceeds that of the year London Indisputable Life Policy Company.ending 1st March, 1850, by 132 policies and £39,500 of The report of this company, read at a meeting of the memassurance. The following is the position of the Society's bers held at the London Tavern, on the 9th of June shows affairs at 1st March, 1852, after deducting all emerged and that, at the date of the last annual meeting, the company surrendered policies, and all claims of whatever kind sub had issued 1,015 policies, assuring the sum of £303 779; sisting against the Society :

and in the course of the last twelve months there have been The sums remaining assured amount to......... £3,737,560 received 513 proposals for the assurance of £186,907 58., The annual revenue amounts to...................

136,960 of which 428 have been accepted and completed, asAnd the accumulated fund has increased to... 688,531 suring £127,812 19s., and yielding in annual premiums 1,247 £349,874 £7,614 1 7 rapid as could have been reasonably expected."

£4,702 39. Od., being a considerable increase over the quarterly system, and therefore the absolute new income business of the previous year, and making the number of represented by the above amount is £7,380 17s. lld. policies issued since the establishment of the company, During the year 1831, the gross sam proposed to the com. 1,443, assuring £431,591 19s. After deducting the policies pany was no less than £126,380 2s. Nearly the whole of that have become claims, those that have expired, and the insurances completed are on first-class lives, and the those that have dropped, there remain 1,184_policies, principal reason of so large & proportion of the whole sum yielding an annual income of £13,796 3s. 1d. From the proposed not being completed arose either from the prebalance-sheet to 31st December last, it appears that, after miums demanded by the directors being too higb, or that providing for the payment of the sums assured and out the risks in the majority of cases were deemed so great, standing debts, including the whole preliminary expenses that the proposals were either absolutely declined, or the attending the formation of the company, there was at that parties requested to withdraw them. Daring the past year period å balance of £28,504 103. 1d., applicable to the claims have been paid upon thirty-eight policies, insuring reduction of premiums as provided by the deed of con- | thirty-three lives, twelve policies have been surrendered, stitution. The claims of last year amounted only to six policies have expired, and forty-seven policies hare £1,742 14s., making the total amount of claims, from the become forfeited by non-renewal. In all, 103 policies have commencement of the company, £3,941 14s. The pre- lapsed during the year, insuring £87,162 7s. 5d. ; and upon miums received upon expired and lapsed policies, which which the company have paid for claims and surrenders no longer continue as obligations on the company, have £27,668 10s. 5d. During the same period, eight annuities amounted to £1,703 149.

have lapsed, upon which the company were paying Kent Mutual (Life) Assurance Society.-At the £574 3s. 10d. per annum. The present value of this sum annual meeting of this society, held on the 19th May last, is £2,008 189. 4d. to the credit of the company. The Mr. Cumming, the Manager, read a report, from which we directors then recommend that an alteration should be extract the following:_"At the last annual meeting (7th made in the rules and regulations of the company as to July, 1851) the directors had the satisfaction of reporting the declaration of future dividends, and that the dividend to the members the very gratifying result of the transac. for the next half-year should be increased from 10s. to 159. tions of the society since its formation in the previous per share. year. And from the statement which the directors are now The Times Life Assurance and Guarantee Com. enabled to add to that furnished to the members at the last pany.-The following extracts from the third report of annual meeting, it will be observed that the amount of this company show its present state and prospects. After business transacted continues to be of an encouraging cha- premising that the business transactions of the year

In all, since the formation of the society up to the 1850-51 doubled those of the preceding year, the first of 31st of March last, there have been received 540 proposals the company's existence; the directors submit the folfor the assurance of £134,839 (s. 5d. Of these proposals | lowing statement, showing the business of the company for 420 bave been accepted and completed, assuring £103,739 the year which is closing : 14s., and yielding in premiums £3,663 178. 11d. The

No. Agg. amount. Income. remainder have either been declined, not taken up, or now

£ £ S. d. await completion. Upon the subject of the deaths which Number of proposals made have occurred—the claims consequent upon which, to the company from the amounting to £1,325, having been promptly met—the 29th of May, 1851, to the Directors are called upon to say that great care has been 29th of May, 1852., 1,247 319,874 7,614 1 T evinced, both upon their part and on that of the medical Policies issued

843 196,563 4,000 6 1 officers, in the examination and selection of lives. It Proposals declined

206 87,631 2,125 0 4 appears from the balance-sheet that the utmost economy in Proposals accepted not yet the management has been exercised by the Directors, and paid .

132 31,670 813 11 9 the expenses of management continue to be unusually Proposals under considerasmall. The state of the advances made on loan by the tion

66 34,010 075 3 5 Society is, in every view, satisfactory; and the Directors are of opinion that the success of the Society has been as

racter.

.

European Life-Assurance and Annuity Com. The above shows a large increase of business, especially pany.--At the sixty-second annual general meeting of in the number of policies issued, which is the best test of this company, held on the third of May last, the directors the estimation in which a society is held by the public, and submitted a report, from which we select the following par- the best guarantee for its prosperity. The policies bare ticulars :—The directors have much pleasure in referring increased from 217 in the first year to 619 in the second, to the continued prosperity which has attended their efforts, and to 843 in the third—the amount assured from £196,563 and which has far exceeded their most sanguine expecta in the first year to £421,879 in the third—and the annual tions. The accounts, as certified by the auditors, show income from £1,180 in the first year to £7,700 in the third that, during the year 1851, new policies were completed the business of the last year having exceeded, in every insuring the sum of £223,005 38., and representing new particular, that of the two preceding years taken together. premiums to the amount of £7,085 16s. 7d. Many of these The directors rightly conceive that these “facts and insurances have been effected upon the half-yearly and figures” require no comment.

LONDOS : SALISBURY AND CO., PRINTERS, BOUVERIE-STREET AND PRIXROSE-1 ILI., FLEET-STREET.

TAIT'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

AUGUST, 1852.

THE GOVERNMENTS OF CONTINENTAL EUROPE.

V. PRUSSIA.—(CONCLUDED.) FREDERICK WILLIAM III., of Prussia, died on any real ecclesiastical authority within the Austrian the 7th of June, 1840. No king was ever more dominions, were, in the other states of Germany, beloved, or departed from the world more re- the pontiff's and archbishop's devoted supporters. gretted by his subjects. The purity of his private The King of Prussia persevered amidst perplexcharacter, which was not stained by a single vice, ing difficulties, and was so far triumphant that the rendered him the most virtuous, and by far the question was settled afterwards by a compromise. most respectable, sovereign in Europe.

It will, we fear, be resuscitated by the Romish He left his kingdom to his successor in a con- priests, who have ever, secretly or openly, hated dition of general prosperity and formidable power. civil authority, especially in Germany. The Congress of Vienna did not restore to him the The other difficulty which he experienced was Duchy of Warsaw, but that duchy was taken from more natural. It was the natural right of man the King of Saxony with more than half of his deferred by delaying to grant the promised reprehereditary dominions. The former was given to sentative constitution. We believe that he was the Emperor Alexander; the latter, with all the governed, in procrastinating the fulfilment of that former dominions west of the Elbe, Westphalia, promise, by his fear or apprehension that, in opeand the country west of the Raine, to the frontiers ration, it might, from the inexperience of his people of the Netherlands and Belgium, France, and of in self-legislation, disturb the tranquillity of the latthe Mayence section of Darmstadt, irere added to ter years of his reign; and that when granting the the kingdom of Prussia.

constitution became prudent and expedient, its adFrederick William III. had experienced in his justment to correspond with the necessities of the latter days a perplexing, because à religious diffi- state required a younger and more vigorous soveculty, with respect to his authority. In his reign. He believed that his eldest son and successor Rhenish provinces, where the Code-Napoleon has, possessed all the administrative ability and vigour until the present time, remained in full force, and required in a constitutional monarchy. by which marriages are not considered religious The late King of Prussia never overcame the sacraments, but civil contracts, an overbearing sorrow which oppressed him ou the death of his and ambitious prelate, the Archbishop of Cologne, queen, and which affected him afterwards through obtruded his ecclesiastical assumptions and spiritual life. Those only who have travelled over, and influence in defiance of the law of his sovereign, lived in Prussia, can justly appreciate the love and de facto excluded or excommunicated from the which to this day prevails among all classes for the Romish Church all Catholics who married Pro- memory of that charming, lovely, and virtuous testants.

personage. It is true that he some years after In 1837 and 1838 the terrors of the Church her death married a subject, the Princess de Leigbecame more formidable than the power of the nitz. But the latter never effaced the king's afking or the authority of the law. Frederick Wil- fection for the memory of his queen ; each year liam, who never acted but with Christian charity the anniversary day of her death was spent by him towards his Catholic subjects, resolved that the in retirement, sad and alone, usually in some wild Romish priest should not usurp the civil power, and solitude near Teplitz. At all other times the subvert the laws by the damnatory force of spiritual Princess de Leignitz was his affectionate wife and

He therefore arrested the archbishop and companion; but it appeared the affection of friendcarried him to the fortress of Minden, where, ship for her personal kindness and attachment at though deprived of personal liberty, he was other- all times to himself

, and an esteem that he evi. wise respectfully treated. All rational and impar. dently entertained for her mental accomplishments, tial men justified the king. Yet the imperial family which, in companionship, dispelled much of the of Austria, who seldom allowed the Pope to exercise sadness which afflicted him when alone.

VOL. XIX.-NO. ('CXXIV.

2 G

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