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should appear without such clothing in any of the towns or, and distributing the same among the relations of the devillages inhabited by Europeans.

ceased, as compensation for the loss they had sustained. The bint was acted upon as soon as given.

This act, committed by a functionary whose judicial legal

powers (as far as the court and the public know), are as Now therefore, I, the Lieut. Governor, administering the strictly defined as those belonging to a “justice of the Government of the district of Natal, do hereby so proclaim peace,” involves thus a usurpation of the supreme, judicial her Majesty's royal will and pleasure accordingly. and legislative powers, belonging to the persons lawfully in. GOD SAVE THE QUEEN.

vested with the same, and tends to the entire subversion of Given under my hand and the Public Seal of the district, the whole system of laws, which at the first formation of at Pietermaritzberg, this 21st day of June, 1849.

this district into a British settlement formed the founda(Signed)

M. WEST. (L.S.) tion and the justice of the laws enacted for the government By command of his Honour the Lieut.-Governor. thereof. (Signed) D. MOODIE,

It involves a violation of the provisions of the ordinance Secretary to the Government. No, 12, 1845, which enacts “that the Roman-Dutch law

shall be the rule by which all her Majesty's subjects and 1. Be it therefore enacted that from and after the date of all persons residing within the district shall be governed," the promulgation of this ordinance, the said Ordinance No. and the court need hardly observe that, neither by the 12, 1845, and all other laws and ordinances in so far only Roman Dutch law nor by laws of any civilised State that as the same are at variance with or repugnant to her Ma the court is acquainted with, has a fine of 100 cows been jesty's said instruction, and to any of the provisions of this declared a lawful punishment for the crime of murder. ordinance, shall be and the same are hereby repealed accordingly.

This charge being deemed an insupportable 2. And be it enacted that it shall and may be lawful for indication of independence in a colonial official, the Lieut.-Governor to appoint any fit and proper person or was taken down and submitted to the Attorneypersons with authority to control, revise, and direct the General at the Cape, Mr. Porter. This law-officer, out this district, or in such parts of the same as to bim may being of a more accommodating disposition, gives seem fit, provided, however, that all such fines and for his opinion as follows: feitures as according to the law or usage would accrue to the supreme chief, or to such person or persons as afore

The foregoing are the only observations which occur to said, shall be paid into the treasury of the district. me in reference to the ordinance in question. It is an

3. And be it enacted that there shall be an appeal to the ordinance intended and calculated to accommodate the Lieut.-Governor, acting with the advice of the Executive directions contained in the royal instructions to the cirCouncil of this district, for the time being, in all cases what- eumstances of the peculiar native population of Natal. soever between natives, and which have been tried according Their chiefship is, in a great degree, unknown. They are to native law, and that the decision of the said Lieut.-Go- mostly natives who have fled from their original chiefs to vernor so acting as aforesaid shall be final.

live under the white men. The ordinance means to give

them the white man for their chief, who will temper their Shortly after the appearance of this ordinance we understanding. They will soon see that his rule is bene

rude customs by passing them through his more enlightened have the following episode. Mr. Cloete, in opening ficial, and reverence as law what comes out of his mouth. a regular session of his court, took occasion to ad vert to the singularly light calendar, furnished to

It requires little imagination to picture to one's him in the following terms :

self what passed in the Attorney-General's mind This almost total absence of crime is, however, so ex

while penning this sentence. For a pack of natives, traordinary, and would bring this district into so Utopian whose chiefship is in a great degree unknown, and a condition, that it behoves us to consider whether this who fled their native wilds to live under the prostate has been entirely owing to a total cessation of crime tection of wild men, the only European code in (of at least a serious character) within the country, of the colony, a code solemnly proclaimed in her at least, to some crimes not having been brought to the Majesty's name, is suspended and placed in the cognisance of the proper tribunals; and in this respect it hand of a Government official to apply or not at becomes my painful duty to state that, from what has his master's pleasure. fallen ander my observation, some crimes have been committed which, although not submitted to your inquiry, as

And no other end was to be attained by this than the jurors of the country, should have been so brought consulting the feelings of the natives, whom the

Attorney General expressly declares to have fled One case occurred last year within our town, where a from such practices ! Credat Judæus Apella. soldier of her Majesty's 45th Regiment, being at liberty to

Lord Grey takes the matter seriously, and has roam about, set fire maliciously, and from the most fiendish motives

, to a dwelling-house within this town. The so little notion of even a legal officer's pretending fire was happily subdued; the offender was soon known to an opinion of his own that he seems to wonder and apprehended, and yet that crime was not brought for the recorder had not been at once dismissed. trisl hefore this court, bat submitted to the cognisance of

The parties who had most to fear from these & court martial...

It wonld appear, then, that some time in the course of proceedings were those interested in land tenures. the last or the beginning of the present year, a murder was Of the original owners, of whose legal claim even Sir committed among the natives in the Klip River division, H. Smith entertains a doubt, that officer reports and within the jurisdiction of the court, of the most atrocious or treacherous character, under the mask of The result of the labours of the Commission appointed " Fitchcraft." That the diplomatic agent of the district, under that proclamation appears in the fourth paragraph upon this information, repaired to the spot, and, upon of Mr. Pine's despatch. Grants have been recommended inquiry, finding the circumstances of the murder fully in favour of 360 individuals, to the extent of 1,773,422 proved in all its horrible details, became at once clothed acres. of the individuals in whose favour these recomwith all the powers and authorities, not only of the Crown mendations have been made, forty-eight have forfeited prosecutor, a judge and jury, but of a legislator; and esta. their titles for non-attendance at the inspection of their blished a law by which a fine of 100 cows was to be deemed farms, so that the number is redured to 312 individuals, the proper and fitting punishment for the crime of murder, recommended for 1,491,422 acres, which will be still furand he immediately proceeded to carry this new law in ther reduced by forfeitures for non fulfilment of the condi. operation, by levying the fine upon the parties implicated, tion of occupation within six months after the confirmation

before you.

of the grant by the Lieutenant-Governor, continued until selves for receiving in the purchase of land a drawback in actual measurement can be effected.

respect of emigrants, you are aware, from my previcus The inspection returns alluded to in paragraph 4 were despatches, that I am not prepared to sanction the increase inclosed in my despatch No. 71, of the 21th April last; of that drawback from 101. to 151. but I have approved of Mr. Pine's proposal to decide these

Again, 3rd August, 1847:questions of forfeiture with the advice of his executive council, desiring him at the same time to report the results I have received your despatch, No. 55, of 15th May, to me for your lordsbip's information.

and its inclosures from the Lieutenant-Governor of Natal, The 312 individuals in whose favour recommendations forwarding proposals from a joint-stock company estaare still recorded are classified as follows:

blished for the purpose of cultivating cotton in that disBoers

. 186

trict. . . . I am desirous to afford the company every enMerchants, traders, &c.

86 couragement. Discharged soldiers, recommended for town

But the free grant of a large tract of land is not one of lots

20 the modes in which Government can assist them. Aliens


Whence this difficulty about encouraging enter312

prise ou a large scale in colonies of such dimen† Mr. Pine, who was appointed to avoid a breach, land more valuable than inhabitants and capital in

sions as those of South Africa ? Is the naked if possible, between the General and his chief in the estimation of our Colonial Ministers ? From Downing-street, represents the state of land-grants the pains taken to get rid of the Dutch population to be the following:

on the one hand, it would seem that this doctrine Before registration, when everyone was a landholder was held ; but, again, to carry on three wars in and a seller, the average price of waste farms did not exceed 501., or twopence per acre. After registration it never

order to recover the people wbose affections we exceeded 1001.

, or fourpence per acre, for unoccupied furms, had alienated, would make it appear that men were and had been falling ever since.

sometimes valued. In like manner, the inveterate And that it will continue to fall may be with dislike to pastoral husbandry gives way when it is some confidence predicted, if the same course is to found that the assessment on stock can be more continue with regard to this splendid colony. Rich easily paid in kind than in money in the remote and beautiful as many parts of the British Empire settlements. So pathetic an appeal as the followare, it may be doubted whether any surpasses the ing may have wrought some change in the most capabilities of Natal. These were long known; obdurate disciple of Mr. M'Culloch's theory that, and, in the simplicity of men's minds, it was if all the wheat in the world could be grown thought still to need the protection of the British from a single acre there would be no such thing flag to make it habitable. Now the flag flies there. as rent.” One of our diplomatic agents, formerly Numerous and great exertions have been made to a missionary, but now evidently following his prointroduce emigrants. Every such exertion, at first per calling in tax-gathering, writes, August 20th, repressed, afterwards ungraciously conceded, has 1850:proved a failure. Why? In reply, we can only The amount I have received up to this moment is unhappily refer to the letter of the boer Pretorius, 8,8311. 4s. (eight thousand eight hundred and thirty-one security of property is wanting. Sir H. Smith pounds and four shillings sterling), of which 3,

was paid in cattle, and 5,2411. 2s. in cash, and 2831. 155. writes, 10th February, 1818 :

in road receipts. Cattle have been sold for 3,2011, ts. ld., The vast extent of country in this part of the world showing a loss on the amount at which they were valued totally void of inhabitants is incredible.

and taken of 1051, 25. Ild. There are, however, six head

still unsold, which will reduce the difference to 1001. or And adds the very wise remark

less. My letter of the 8th January last will afford explaThe sale of land adds for the day to the revenue, but it nation on this head. is by its occupation, and on the labour bestowed on it,

The expenses of collection amounted to 511. Ils. 5d. that the prosperity of this or of any other settlement is to This measure has thrown upwards of 3,000 head of cattle be obtained.

into the market at a time when much needed by arriving

emigrants. It has enforced a tax upon 25,232 huts, and Lord Grey's answer is always discouraging to afforded a practical illustration to each of their inmates of settling on a large scale, and to giving the waste the supremacy of the government of the district. to improvers, except at a high value. This is the To secure the peaceable collection of this tax, I found it answer of Lord Grey respecting a proposal for which I have made a complete circuit of the district, ocen

necessary to travel and receive it personally; in doing locating German emigrants, 2nd August, 1817:- pying a period of about four months during the most io

I cannot accede to the proposal to allow each emigrant clement part of the season. I have issued 5.368 receipts, family the occupation of a grant of land gratuitously for all of which have been duly entered, besides the duplicate A certain number of years, with the option of purchasing it summary of each that remained in the boek. At the expiration of such term at the price fixed at their arrival; but I should not object to allotments of land being

This large sum for a single collection was, we put up for sale of a size suited to their convenience.

are told, raised principally from the immigrant Aud on another occasion

natives, respecting which the Lieutenant-Governor taring opwards of 100,000 barbarians is due entirely to low-subjects in the “sovereignty," and to have the energy and ability of Mr. Shepstone, and to the influ- gained time for the arrival of the Lancer and Rifle ence which he has acquired over them.-I have, &c., (Signed) BexJ. C. C. PIXE.

very properly puts forward the collector's merits. I inclose for your information the copy of a report which I desired the Commissioners of Emigration to fur- This gentleman has not only brought Kaffirs and Zooloos, nish me on this subject, and I have to state that I concur who could by the ordinance appeal to their own laws, to in the views which they express. Neither Mr. Bergthiel pay a regular tax for the protection of Government, but nor any other person caa be allowed to receive any Crown even to pay that tax in cattle (!), which we have all along land in consideration of emigrants introduced by him, been told the Kaflirs value above everything. unless he has previously deposited with the Government I cannot quit this subject without expressing to your money equal to the value of that land. And in cases where Excellency my opinion that the success which has atteuded persons, by depositing their money, bave qualified them- this most important but somewhat perilous measure of

regiments, then on their way. His Excellency the Governor-General,

But we only wish to illustrate matters less paCape Town.

tent. One point is, the contentment of the coloAt a later period we have Sir H. Smith's testi- nists under all the warlike inflictions to which they

are exposed. mony.

The cleverness with which the first disappointed The military villages do not prosper as well as your colonists in Albany betook themselves to trade has lordship was indaced to believe would be the case, althongh been mentioned. In the same manner, the present I have paid every attention to them in my power. The villagers have, nevertheless, offered a contract for the sup- colonists would appear to find a little warfare no ply of oat-hay; but it had been previously given to a far- bad manner of making colonisation profitable. First, mer in British Kaffraria, who employs Kaffira as agricul- there are good markets. It appears that, in 1851, tural labourers.

the Governor had contrived to concentrate nearly If more proof be wanting of the fact that these 12,000 men on the Kaffir frontier. These must unfortunate South Africans, whom we have all be fed and the rations must be paid for. As the along chosen to treat as barbarians, are men like T'imes tells us, they cost about 2,000,000l. per ourselves, with the same wants, aspirations and annum. feelings, we would only beg the reader to go back Two returns are given, that are not very

intellito the establishment of the first fair on the Keis- gible for those who are not in the secret

. The kamma river, in consequence of the discovery made latter only is on the authority of the Quarter-Masby recent settlers in Albany that the Kaffirs were ter General. also fond of trade. This fair, it may be remarked,

Distribution of the Forces serving in the Field at the has fallen into neglect, partly on account of the Cape of Good Hope, &c., 1851; troubled state of the frontier, but also as a conse

13 Field Officers. quence of the throwing open of the whole frontier

47 Captains. to trade about the year 1830.

114 Subalterns.

10 Staff. Here we have testimony irrefragable, upon offi

301 Sergeants. cial showing, that the wildest of Africa's sons have

56 Baglers. a disposition for settled habits of industry and for

7,037 Rank and File.

739 Horses. trade. What more was wanting to make good neighbours, good customers, and, if we thought it Out of these a considerable portion are colonists. forth our while, good subjects of such tribes ? levied in the following manner : This was the Dutch policy, who allowed their farmers to go out and settle without demanding a your power

, endeavour to raise a corps of Europeans 400

It is very advisable that you should, by every means in revenue for Government patronage. They mixed strong, formed into four companies, upon the same bounty with the aborigines, and extended in a peaceful and the same principle as the Hottentot levies, submitting


sway as far as the Sundas river. We the names of the officers to me for confirmation. I must afterwards annexed the swampy district of Albany officer to command as Captain-Commandant. They must

request you to be most particular in your selection of an and the Great Fish River Bush—if we may be be young and energetic. The establishment: said to have annexed what our troops cannot now

1 Captain-Commandant. pass through unattacked. Beyond that all our

3 Captains. conquests are ideal. The Keiskamma we were

4 Subalterns.

1 Paymaster. allowed to trade upon ; but the forts built in its

1 Adjutant. neighbourhood cannot be approached except under

1 Quarter-Master.

1 Assistant-Surgeon. strong military convoy. Natal we should never

2 Staff-Serjeants. have got had not the boers first settled there, and founded Pieter Maritzburg. On the other hand, Rank and File { 10 Corporals.

384 Privates. let us picture to ourselves the progress that might

Formed into four Companies. have been made by following up Sir Rufane Dou

Arms to be issned to the Ordnance Storekeeper, &c. &c., kin's plan of great South African fairs on the fron- and clothing and equipment

to be conducted iu strict con tier rivers. As no temptation would then have formity with Article 9 of the Treasury Instructions. . .

In my despatch to your lordship, No. 17, of the 4th been held out to slave-dealing, a legitimate traffic instant, I stated that, upon the urgent representation of in African products might have been established, Major-General Somerset, setting forth his want of a Eurowhich would eventually have civilised the interior pean force, placed as he is in the immediate neighbourhood

of the principal scene of the Hottentot revolution, I had to a great distance.

authorised him to raise a corps of that description. I have It is needless to carry the reader through the now to report, that having succeeded in forming a body of details of Kaffir expeditions, which the journals 300 Englishmen, and 100 men of other classes, not Hot of the day delight in publishing and analysing. tricts, and having been enabled to march this corps to reinThe proclamation of Pretorius, who, in one phase force Major-General Somerset, I have rescinded the autho. of his eventful life, was proclaimed an outlaw, and a rity to raise the European corps to which I allude. The teward of 10001. placed on his head, is fresh in our Major General is, however, empowered to increase the corps readers' memories

. By this proclamation he is which I have sent him to 600 men. acknowledged to have saved the colony from the No bad thing for even a gentleman farmer to be most dangerous rising of our black allies and fell equipped, mounted and fed at Government cost,




when prices are low. But should he happen, at away during the operations... :: The action was most the same time, to furnish any part of the supplies, severe, and the fire most spirited and determined. I have it is, of course, working double tides.

to regret the loss of 6 Fingoes killed and 10 wounded


A church, too, is now and then found to be in Fort Hare, December 31, 1850.

the The following Memorandum from his Excellency the

way. Governor is published for general information :

The church contained about 140 Hottentots and a large I hereby authorise Colonel Somerset, as Commandant- party of Mapassa's people; that chief himself is said also General, while I return to King William's Town, to collect to have been present in the church. After burning the every available soldier in order to move on Fort White, large missionaries' house, forty yards from the church, and Fort Cox, and Fort Hare, to issue whatever order he may finding that I could not fire the roof of the latter, which deem expedient for the good of the service to the inha- was wet and covered with clay, I brought our people out of bitants of the frontier districts—to raise levies and to issue the village, after six and a half hours' fighting, part of the rations to such of her Majesty's subjects as are militarily time very severe. I lost one burgher and eight Fingoes employed, or to such military settlers as are totally desti- killed, and seventeen wounded; the loss of the enemy is

An allowance of 6d. per diem is preferable to issue of said to have exceeded forty killed and wounded. We took rations, where practicable, for all supplies must be econo-600 head of cattle, and lost a few borses. mised as much as possible. (Signed)

H. G. SMIT..

And in the partition of the booty, the black allies Trade also prospers, even in calamitous times !

seem to make occasionally a judicious selection.

We can picture to ourselves the awkward position In districts where there are no ordnance stores, the Civil of Colonel Somerset with 400 women and children, Commissioner, or, in his absence, the Magistrate, will pur- all black and hungry, the Fingo levy having apchase from the merchants' stores such ammunition as may be required for their burghers.

propriated the four-legged cattle. But the women can pen the sheep and sell them, I have four men dangerously wounded and four horses as well as mind the shop. The men are off for the Daly and two native soldiers. I have upwards of 100

killed; Lieutenant Pitt badly shot through the leg; also field. There is no end of sport.

prisoners, 70 to 100 stand of arms, and 400 women and On the morning of the 4th I proceeded with two six- children. I have destroyed the fort and all its contents. pounders, three companies of the 73rd Regiment, 100 Cape We have several waggons, but very few cattle but what fell Mounted Riflemen, the Riversdale and Albany Levies, and into the hands of the Fingoes. the Fort Petty Fingoes, in all about 1150 men, by the Line This being ihe history of a Kaffir war, with the Drift Road to Seyolo's kraal. No opposition was made

to episodes of clearing a bush while the enemy makes my march, and I destroyed Seyolo's kraal, taking a few cattle in the neighbourhood of it.

a razzia into the colony, driving off and destroying We captured upon the whole about 800 head of cattle, 100,000 head of cattle in a morning, peace folabout 100 of which were lost last night by the carelessness lows; then come compensation-claims from the of the cattle-guard. Our casualties amounted to one Fingoe killed.

parties taken from their homes to make levies for If the weather had favoured us more, I have no doubt losses sustained in their absence. New preparathat we should have captured large numbers of cattle, but tions have also to be made for coming campaigus, during the whole three days it was most unfavourable to forts to be built and repaired in the usual style. We our operations.

have been favoured with a few specimens of the During Colonel Mackinnon's operations the whole of the forces of the enemy were assembled to oppose him, and a way in which the last two millions went, in the quantity of cattle belonging to Seyolo and Umlangini was

blue-books. These books we may venture to consequently left exposed; a body of Fingoes from Fort recommend, with a key like that which we have Peddie

, posted by order of the Commander-in-Chief to co- here given, as not unentertaining reading. operate with Colonel Mackinnon, made a successful inroad This is a different style of infusing prosperity into the enemy's country, and carried off 440 head of cattle. No warfare requires more energy and exertion than into a colony from that slow, old fashioned Dutch that waged against barbarians ; and his Excellency con- method of farming and fraternising with the gratulates Colonel Mackinnon and the troops upon the blacks in peaceful industry. If we make brothers successful issue of their operations. (Signed) A. J. CLOETE,

in arms of them it is quite derogatory enough to Lieut. Col., Deputy Quarter-Master General.

white blood in the opinion of a Colonial GovernSometimes the work is rather sharp. Ten oxen ment. John Bull, in the mean time, pays the cost about three-fourths of a Fingoe.

piper for warlike operations which he would not A very sharp engagement was continued for two hours cotton or sugar-plantation would, like the appli

do to encourage peaceful adventure. A loan for a and a half without intermission. While this was going on, a body of Kaffirs from the Upper Chumie, and led on by cation for ground rent free, be scouted by GovernSoga, the principal chief belonging to the Mission Station ment in the House of Commons, which will have in the Chumie, attacked the rear of the cattle in Alice, and to vote four millions for the present Kaffir war, succeeded in capturing about 200 head. The brother of and not then be secure against its ministers, their this man, whose name was Manana (well known in Graham's Town), was shot in Alice. .

vofortunate South African Upwards of 100 governors, or the bodies lay about, and numbers of wounded were carried aborigines.


BY THE AUTHOR OF "THE PHILOSOPHER'S MITE.” It is recorded, in the “Life of Nelson," | to authority. Again, they were told, if they used that while he was in command of the Channel the word at all, to preface it with the prænomen Fleet, he received from the Naval Secretary a "English ;" though, in point of fact, the registrar despatch containing a reprimand for the expendi- himself dates it, no matter from what cause, from tare of certain moneys, defrayed for sanitary im- a period of only a few years past. Nothing can provements on his own mere authority. That well be more puerile than a studied concealment truly great man, in the presence of his officers, of this sort. The beardless boy may be pardoned throwing down the letter with contempt, thus for pernicious secrecy in his first troubles, but not relieved the honest indignation of his heart : an adult and overgrown nation. "There, gentlemen, read that! They taunt me

Obsta principiis, sero medicina paratur with extravagance; but I will dare to tell these

Cum mala per longas convaluere moras, economising lords that it is impossible for any ex. The fifty-two weekly returns ending December penditure to be extravagant that is successfully in- 27th, 1851, shows in the aggregate a mortality curred for the health and comfort of the brave within the London districts of 55,359. The fellows under my command." It were well for deaths in 1849 were 48,579. The year last exthe population of London, and for that of the en- piring presents us with an increase of nearly onetire kingdom, if this generous sentiment could find sixth upon the total of its predecessor. But to state an echo in the breasts of our political commanders the matter more plainly, the mortality of 1851 at the helm of state. In each single week, more exceeds the mortality of any and every preceding public money is expended by them, in the present year, save and except that of the two years which Caffre war, than would suffice to arrest the formid-prefaced the calamity of 1849, and that of 1849 able

progress of taint-of-blood disease, in this our itself. If we exclude the year 1849, and make a huge metropolis of London :-"Whip me such proper allowance for real increase of population, economists, thou great God of nature." It is whether we calculate upon a sexennial, decennial the object of the present statement to show, by or duodecimal aggregate, we shall find the deaths conclusive and unanswerable statistics, that for of 1851 exceeding any fairly-deduced annual seven years, making all due allowances for real average. But it is not merely by reference to increase of population, zymoiic or blood-taint- such a mean that the true character of the future disease has notably and alarmingly increased; is is to be fore-shadowed. If we find that bloodnotably and alarmingly increasing; and, unless we taint diseases generally are taking on the same be content to renew the horrors of 1849, ought, by character, and increasing numbers respectively as every human means, to be diminished. The ob- they did in 1847-48, and that their march ject is no less than to arouse and instruct authority; responds in all their chief movements and courses to enlist the philanthropist and the statistician; to to the progress characteristic of those specified withdraw the film from the eyes of the blind, and years, we shall be led unmistakeably to look out the veil which has been thrown over a subject for an outburst parallel with that of 1849. By second in importance to none. Will the public reference to the official tables it will be seen that believe that 3000 persons died of cholera last it took five years, namely, from 1844 to 1849, to year, within the districts comprised in the metro-develope that growing intensity of blood-taint politan returns-little more than 200 only being which at last crowned the years of incubation. recorded in the registrar's weekly returns? The We no longer require a quinquennial incubation. reader, indeed, will find the larger proportion With a condition of health by comparison cheerunder the head of diarrhoca ; but let him ask his ing and satisfactory in 1850, we have managed medical adviser if this so-called diarrhæa be not somehow or other to do five years' work of detethe same disease in essence. Nay, let him refer to rioration in twelve months. Let him who doubts the registrar's own published opinion of the identity look at the tables. We will not stop to inquire of the two diseases.

how this has happened. What is done cannot be The superficial thinkers, the gossips, and there- undone. Only let us know and understand the fore the many, are content to say, “Oh, it is no new truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth; malady ! it is only the usual summer disease!" Let and though it is impossible to obtain indemnity them look to the winter returns, week by week, for the errors of the past, let us at least look out and they will find more deaths occasioned by this for some security for the future. To those who 80-called summer disease, with the thermometer would inquire in what proportion the deaths of at an average mean of 35 deg., than are recorded the transitory visitors of 1861 were ingredient in in the earlier weekly returns of the summer. So the totals, it may be answered, not more than a much for calling it exclusively a summer disease. few, perhaps two or three hundred. Before the Some of the faculty in London were schooled by general reader can comprehend the various imthe deputy-registrars not to use the word cholera, portant truths it is our business to supply, it will but many of them were too independent to truckle be expedient to enlighten him on the subject of the

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