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phrenfy, endeavour in this manner to were imi risoned in their course, and fatisfy the blood-thirsty propensity of their dahmed-up streams were fide a people who shall have been ac- denly forined into lakes, which, now customed to the murder of their fel. divided from their native streams, fend low-citizens."

Vol. 1. P. 33:

forth injurious exhalations from their stagnant waters.

ic Several of these lakes I saw; EFFECTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE OF

others are dried up, and fone at the 1783 IN CALABRIA.

expense of governinent. An outlet

for one has been cut through the rocks. “ This morning we rode among This earthquake gave birth to lawthe mountains, by paths that were al suits of a new kind, between the promost imparable, and over hills that prietors of the overshooting and the formerly were valleys, and valleys possefors of the overshot earth, to that forinerly were hills. When an know which of them had planted a earthquake happens to take but one tree, and on whole foil it afterward direction, the mountains may shake stood. Many trees were thrown befrom their roots to their very sum- tween others, and who were the promits, yet suffer but little change; prietors of them was an uncertainty. and, in some places, scarcely any : i faw a quantity of olive trees that the earth seeming to repose itself, like were torn, with the earth where they the fea after a storm; but if the shocks grew, from the ranks in which they encounter each other in contrary direc were planted, were presled together tion, they form a conflicting motion, by the whirling motion, and now form which dams up rivers and removes one great clump. mountains. The earthquake was the “ Opiddo that was, which Cluvemore dreadful here, because the moun rius supposed to be the ancient Ma. tains, consisting of adhesive clay, re mertum, and Italian antiquaries the fifted the fubterranean ftrife of con ancient Metaurum, * is now changed tradictory motion. We saw mountains into a heap of stones. Large ranges rent from top to bottom; the fallen of wall, seized as it were, and draghalf of which had filled up former ged away by the frantic earth, when valleys, and formed others in their the earth ceased its motion, did not stead. Beds of earth, in many places, fall flat, but were placed with the end were torn away with their whole plan- upward; as if they had taken rout, or tations. Trees, with their roots half were supported by a giant hand. bare, stand on the brink of a preci “ Penetrated by the alpect, we pice; while their fellow trees, tran- stood with our guide, a youth of fported to a distance, are now growing twenty, conteniplating thele ruins. on the banks of other springs, by We in astonishnient and compation, which they are watered. A man, a and he bitterly recollecting that the woman, and a mule, were, by one house of his father was a part of the electrical shock, projected, with the wreck, that he and his mother had ground on which they stood, across a been five hours covered by the rubriver, without injury: A man, that bish, and that his brother and sister lay was plucking lemons upon a tree in buried beneath it. the little town of Seminara, was car “ As we came to Oppido, we had ried, with the tree and the earth in already been shewn, in one place, which it grew, and still grows, and stones that had crushed men, and in thrown to a great distance. Many, another hills covered win the Aonborne away by the billows of earth, rishing vine 1:1der which whole com-, as by the billows of ocean, were swal- munities were entoinbed. lowed up and thrown back from the “ The former town contained three gaping gulf without injury. Rivers thousand inhabitants; the present bar

They ground this opinion on the river near Oppido being still called Me. tauro. But might not Metaurum have been built, as Cluverius supposes, at the mouth of the river Meraurus ? Let me remark, this river must not be confounded with the great Metaurus, now called Mesaro, that was famous for the battle in which the Carthaginians were defeated, and their leader Hafdrubal, the brother of Hannibal, Nain.


racks only five hundred. About putrid bodies of man and beast, occa twelve hundred perished on te de- fioned. folating day: Some were burned “ So remarkable were the effects of alive, overtaken by the Aames that this earthquake on the human organs, spread through the tuinbling houses. that, in the two following years, the The monks of a monastery became women either did not conceive, were the prey of these flames. A woman, prematurely delivered, or brought who now lives in Mellina, remained forth dead children; and of those eleven days under the ruins of her that were born alive, many immediown house. Her child was with her, ately expired. and they both fed on chesnuts, which " When the first account of this the mother, not improvidentially, had dreadful event reached Naples, the put in her pocket. 'She gave the child king was desirous of visiting the disher own excremental water to drink; . tracted province; and being preventbut as the had no supply of liquid for ed, he sent the people money. The hertelf, even this wretched aid soon queen, whose benevolence is always failed, and the child died on the fitth active, deprived herself of her jewday.

els; and people of all ranks were at is Numbers afterward died, partly firit contributors. The sanguine Neafrom the miseries and want to which politans are easily moved; but their they were subjected, and partly from emotion quickly dies away.” the diseases which the stagnant water,

Vol. II. P. 189. the newly turned-up earth, and the




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