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sonment, he observes, for ten, the minister penitentiary, (Mr. Jay) twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, or by substituting fubmiffion for remonmore, to meet the like fate.

Mr. strance, has in fact accomplished a Paine's peril, therefore, enhanc. treaty which operates as a loan to the ing the ingratitude of his friend, English government, by giving it he concludes the article of pri- permitsion to take American provate affairs by saying, that perty at sea, and pay for it when • errors and caprices of the temper convenient; which latter period, he • can be pardoned and forgotten; fays, may probably not arrive, the ! but a cold deliberate crime of the business end in a juggle, and the heart, such as Mr. Washington is money never be paid at all.-The • capable of acting, is not to be above charges branching out into a

washed away.'. The motive, dur- variety of minutiæ, we thall wind up ing the above charge, ascribed to this general ketch by giving, as a the President's conduct is, that, as specimen of the language, the two many improprieties were gaining following extracts, of which the latter ground in the system of American concludes, the general letter to Mr. government, Mr. Washington knew Washington. that Mr. Paine would, on his return to America, endeavour to reform them, and therefore connived at his

EXTRACTS. imprisonment, and perhaps at his in PAINE'S CHARACTER OF GENERAL tended death, to prevent the inconvenience of his opposition. — The « A STRANGER might be leal charges of a public nature are, that to suppose, froin the egotism with Wathington's hypocrisy has ruined which Mr. Walhington peaks, that the character, and fenfibly impaired himself, and himselt

only, liad generatthe constitution of America, that ed, conducted, completed, and eltaa&uated by a spirit of egotism, he it was all his own doing.

blished the revolution. In fine, that has assumed the credit and honours

“ In the firkt place, as to the politiof an independency established by the cal part, he had no thare in it; and wisdom and activity of others,--that he therefore the whole of that is had no share in the political exertions, out of the question with respect and very little in those of the milió to him. There remains, then, only tary,—that he claimed vi&ories gain- been prudent in Mr. Washington not

the military part ; and it would have ed by other American generals, over

to have awakened inquiry lipon that whom, though stiled commander in fubject. Fame then was cheap; he chief, he had neither power nor in- enjoyed it cheaply; and nobody was Auence, while for his own part, dilpoled to take away the laurels, that, gaining the character of prudence, whether they were acquired or not, had by "fieeping away his time," he pur: been given. sued " Fabian measuris without Fa.

“ Mr. Washington's merit consisted bian means," and bút.for the timely in constancy: Buit constancy was the allistance of France, his " cold, un

common virtue of the revolution.

Who was there that was inconstant? military" conduct would, in all pro- I know but of one military detection, bability, have lost America.

that of Arnold ; and I know of no Proceeding to later dates, he says political defection, anong those who that the Walbington administration, made themselves eminent when the ungrateful and unfaithful to France, revolution was formed by the declara

Even Silas has, by what he terms Mr. Jay's tion of independence. treaty of penance and petition with Deane, though he attempted to. dethe British government, betrayed the fraud, did not betray. commercial interests of both France character, fomething more is to be

" But when we speak of inilitary and America to England, and that understood than conitancy; and fome.


thing more orglato be understood than Bring their whole force against a part the Fabian fyttem of doing norbing. The of General Washington's, as in the norbing part can be done by any buy. árair of Leng Iland; and in the Old Mrs. Thompson, the housekeeper latter, he might be shut up as in the of head quarters (wiro threatened to bottom of a bay. This had nearly make the fun and the wind mine been the case at New York, and so it through Rivington of New York) was in part; it was actually the case could have done as well as Mr. War at Fort Washington; and it would ington. Deborah would have been as have been the case at Fort Lee, if good as Barak.

General Greene had not moved pre“ Mr. Walhington had the nominal cipitately off, leaving every thing rank of commander in chief, but he behind, and by gaining Hackinfach was not to in tact. He had in reality bridge, got out of the bay of Bergin. only a fejaiate command. He had ro neck. How far Mr. Washington, as cuntroul cver, or direction of, the general, is blameable for these matters, army to the nuridward under Gates, I am not undertaking to determine, that capiured Burgoyne, or of that to but they are evidently defects in the fouil, dioder Greene, that ricover military geography. The successful ed the louthern tiates. Ihe nominal ikirmithes at the clofe of the campaign rank, however, of commander in (matters that would frarcely be noticed chief, served to throw upon hiin tie in a better fate orihings) make the Jantre of those actions, and to make brilliant exploits of General Walhing: him appear as the foul and centre of ton's feven campaigns. No wonder all milliary operations in America, we see so much pufilanimity in the

" He cominenced his command in prefident, when we see so little enterJune 1775, during the time the prize in the general. Maffaclulet army ly before Bonon, " The campaign of 1777 became and after the atia's of Bunker's Hill. famous, not by any thing on the part The comnercement of his command of General Wathington, bent by the was the commencement of inactivity. capture of General Burgoyne and the Nothing was afterwards done, or at army under his command, by the tempted to be done, during the nine northern army, at Saratoga, under monthis he ren.ained before Botion. General Gates. So totally distinct and If we may judge from the resistance inconnected were the two armies of made at l'oncord, and afterwards at Wathington and Gates, and so inde. Bunker's Hill, there was a spirit of pendent was the latter of the authority enterprize at that time, which the of the noininal commander in chief,

presence of Mr. Washington chilled that the two generals did not so into cold deterice. By the advantage much as correspond, and it was only of a good exterior he attracts respect, by a letter of General (fince Gover. which his habitual litence tends to pre. nór) Clinton, that General Wathing. serve; but he has not the talent of ton was informed of that event. The inspiring ardour in an army. The British touk poliellion of Philadelpliia enemy removed from Buiton to Hali- this year, which they evacuated the tax in March 1776, to wait for rein. next, just time enough to save their forcements from Europe, and to take heavy baggage and fleet of transports a more advantageous polition at New from capture by the French Admiral York.

D'Etaing, who arrived at the mouth “ The inactivity of the campaign of the Delaware foon after. of 1775, on the part of General “ The capture of Burgoyne gave Washington, when ihe enemy had a an eclat in Europe 1o the American less force thin in any other future arms, and facilitated the alliance with period of the wüt, and the injudicioris France. The eclat, lionever, was choice of potitions taken by him not kept up by any thing on the part in the campaign of 1776, when the of General Wathington. The same enemy had its greateti force, neceffaria uniortunate languor that marked his ly produced the loftes and misfortunes entrance into ühe field, continued that marked that gloomy campaign. always. Dilcontent began trongly The positions taken were either itlands to prevail against him, and a party or necks of land. In the former the was formed in Congress, while fiiting enemy, by the aid of their hips, could at York Town, in Pensylvania, for


removing hin from the.coñimand of fion, with the aid of the reperable the arity. The hope, however, of minister Franklin,was, that France gave better tinies, the news of the alliance in money,as a present, fix millions of with France, and the unwillingness of livres, and ten millions more as a loan, fhewing discontent, disipated the and agreed to send a feet of not less matter.

than thirty fail of the line, at her own Nothing was done in the cam expence, as an aid to America. Col. paign of 1778, 1979, 1780, in the Lawrens and myself returned from part where General Washington com. Brest the first of June following, taking, manded, except the taking Stony with us two millions and a half of Point by General Wayne. Tlie livres (upwards of two hundred thou. southern states, in the mean time, fand pounds) of the money given, and were overrun by the enemy. They convoving two ships with stores were afterwards recovered by Gene « We arrived at Boston the twenty: ral Greene, who had, in a very great fifth of August following. De Graffe measure, created the army that accom arrived with the French feet in the pli{hed that recovery: In all this Chesapeak at the fame time, and was General Washington had no fare. afterwards joined by that of Barras, The Fabian system of war, followed by making thirty-one sail of the line. him, began now to unfold itself with The money was transported in waggons all its evils; for what is Fabian war from Botton to the bank of Philadelwithout Fabian means to support it? phia, of which Mr. Thomas Willing, The finances of Congress, depend who has since put himself at the head ing wholly on emissions of paper of the list of petitioners in favour of money, were exhausted. Its credit the British treaty, was then president. was gone. The continental treasury And it was by the aid of this money, was not able to pay the expence of a of this fleet, and of Rochambeau's brigade of waggons to transport the army, that Cornwallis was taken, the necessary stores to the army, and yet laurels of which have been unjustly the fole objedt, the establishment of the given to Mr. Washington. His merit revolution, was a thing of remote in that affair was no more than that of distance. The time I am now speak. any other American officer.'' ing of is in the latter end of the year 1780. “ In this situation of things it was

This is the ground upon which found not only expedient, but ablo. America now stands.-All the rights lutely necessary, for Congress to ttate of commerce and navigation are to the whole cale to its ally. I know begin anew, and that with loss of Niore of this matter (before it came character to begin with. If there is into Congress, or was known to Gene- senle enough left in the heart, to call ral Washington), of its progress, and a blush into the cheek, the Washing: its issue, than I chuse to state in this ton administration must be alhamed io leuer. Colonel John Lawļens was appear. fent to France, as an envoy

extraordi i. And as to you, Sir, treacherous nary, on this occasion, and, by a in private friendship, (for you have private agreement between him and been so to me, and that in the day of ine, 1 accompanied him. We failed danger) and a hypocrite in public life, from Bolton in the Alliance frigate, the world will be puzzled to decids February 11, 1781. France had al- whether you sire an APOSTATE ready done mich in accepting and


Whether you paying bills drawn by Congrels, the have abandoned good principles, of was now called upon to do more. whether you ever had any ?" The event of Colonel Lawrens's mil

P. 54.

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