Page images

civility and good manners. “ We have, * fay they, " as much curiosity as you, and when you come into our towis, we wish for opportunities of looking at you ; but for this purpose we hide ourfelves behind buses where you are to pass, and never intrude ourselves into your company."

Their manner of entering one another's villages has likewise its rules. It is reckoned uncivil in travelling strangers to enter a village abruptly, without giving notice of their approach. Therefore, as soon as they arrive within hearing, they ftop and hollow, remaining there till invited to enter. Two old men usually come out to them, and · lead then in. There is in every village a vacant dwelling, called the strangers' lioufe. Here they are placed, while the old men go round from hut to hut, acquainting the inhabitants that ftrangers are arrived, who are probably hungry and weary; and every one sends them what he can spare of vicłuals, and skins to repose on. When the stran. gers are refreshed, pipes and tobacco are brought; and then, but not before, conversation begins, with enquiries who they are, whither bound, what news, &c. and it usually ends with offers of servicer;lif the strangers have occasion of guides, or any neceffuries for continuing their journey; and nothing is exacted for the entertainment.vinsi

The fame hospitality, esteemed among them as a principal virtue, is practised by private perfons; of which Conrad Weifer, our interpreter, gave me the following instance. He had been naturalized among the Six Nations, and spoke well the Mohock language:

In going through the Indian country, to carry a mcllage from our governor to ike council at Oraniego, he called at the habitation of Canalsetego, an old acquaintance, who embraced him, spread furs for hiny to fit on, placed before him some boiled beans and venison, and mixed fome rum and water for his drink. When The was well refreshed, and had lit his pipe, Canalsetego began to converse with him : alked how he had fared the many years since they had seen each other, whence he then came, what occasioned the journey, &c. Conrad answered all his questions; and when the discourse began to flag, the Indian, to continue it, said, “ Conrad, you have lived long among the white people, and know something of their customs; I have been sometimes at Alba ny, and have observed, that once in seven days they fhut up their shops, and assemble all in the great house, tell me what that is for!

What do they do there?” They meet there,” says

Conrad, " to hear and learn good things." inot doubt,” says the Indian, “ that they tell you

fo; they have told me the fame: but I doubt the truth of what they say, and I will tell you my reafons. I went lately to Albany, to sell my skins, and buy blankets, knives, powder, rum, &c. You know I used generally to deal with Hans Hanson; but I was a little inclined this time to try some othet merchants. However, I called first upon Hans,

and asked him what he would give for. beaver. He * said he could not give more than four snil: lings a pound: but, says he, I cannot talk on bu

fineis now; tbis is the day when we meet together ! to learn good ihings, and I am going to the meeting,

So I thought to myself, since I cannot do any bu

finess to-day, I may as well go to the meeting too, s.and I went with him, There stood up a

black, and began to talk to the people very angrily.

[ocr errors]

I did not understand what he faid; but perceiving that he looked much at me, and at Hanson, I imagined he was angry at seeing me there ; fo I went out, sat down near the house, struck fire, and lit my pipe, waiting till the meeting should break up. I thought too that the man had mentioned fomething of beaver, and I fufpected it might be the subject of their meeting. So when they came out I accofted my mierchant. Well, Hans' says I, • I hope you have agreed to give more than four

Shillings a pound.' . No' says he, ' I cannot give so much, I.cannot give more than three shillings and fix-pence." I then spoke to several other dealers, but they all sung the same fong, three and fispence, three and fix-pence: This made it clear to me that my fufpicion was right; and that whatever they pretended of meeting to learn good ibings, the purpose was to confult how to cheat Indians in the price of beaver. Consider-but a little Conrad, and

you must be of my opinion. If they met fo often to learn good things, they would certainly bave learned some before this time. But they are fillignorant. You know our practice. If a while man; in travelling through our country, enters one of our cabins, we all treat hiin as I do you; we dry him if he is wet, we warm him if he is cold, and give him meat and drink, that he may allay his thirst and hunger; and we spread foft furs for him to rest and sleep on: we demand 'nòrhing int return". But if I go into a white man's house at: Alhany, and ask for victuals and drink, they say, Where is your money ? and if I have one, they say, Get out, you Indian dog. You see they have not yet learned those little good things that we need no meetings to be instructed in, because our mothers taught them to us when we were children; and therefore it is impollible their meetings should be, as they say, for any lich purpose, or have any fuch efect; they are only to contrive the cheating of Indians in the price of beaver,',

&It je redrariille, that in all ages and countries, koipitality 113s lieen als ved no the. virtue at ht:-, wirin le civilize) were pleaf " call ; the Cretaceo Jcbintele Srius for it. The Sararens ptent ! it eminently, sad it is tits

him eigning virtue of !!! wid Arals. Sr Patil t70, in the relatief his miye ar jare on the ills of Melitas says. "The birds Upanie strave 99* Title Title ; pirtlity lindles afice, and received 115 Liety one, bulent

porei.nt rin., and lecarilo of the cave”. This me is taken from 31.ail com its. Fizulin prxrs, printed for Dilly

TO M. DUBOURG, Concerning the Dillentions between England and



London, October 2, 1770 SEE with pleasure that we think pretty much

alike on the subjects of English America. We of the colonies have never insisted that we ought to be exempt from contributing to the common expences necessary to fupport the prosperity of the empire. We only affert, that having parliaments of our own, and not having representatives in that of Great Britain, our parliaments are the only judge es of what we can and what we ought to contii. bute in this case; and that the English parliament has no right to take our money without our consent. In fact, the British empire is not a single ftate ; it comprehends many; and though the parliament of Great Britain has arrogated to itself the rower of taxing the colonies, it has no more right

to do so, than it has to tax Hanover. We have the same king, but not the same legiflatures."

The dispute between the two countries has al: ready cot England many millions sterling, which it has lost in its commerce, and America has in this refpect been a proportionable gainer. This con. merce confiteu principally of fuperfuities; objects of luxury and fathion, which we can well do with: out; and the resolution we have formed of importing no more till our grievances are redrefled, has enabled many of our infant manufactures to take root; and it will not be casy to make our people abandori them in future, even thould a connection more cordial than ever succeed the present troubles.--I have, indeed, no doubt that the parliament of England will finally abandon its present pretensions, and leave to us the peaceable enjoy. ment of our rights and privileges.


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

A Comparison of the Conduct of the ancient Jews,

and of the ANTIFEDERALISTS in the United States of AMERICA.

[ocr errors]


ZEALOUS advocate for the proposed Fede

ral Constitution, in a certain public affembly, said, that "the repugnance of a great part of man"! kind to good government was such, that he be

lieved that if an angel from heaven was to bring 66 down a conftitution formed there for our use,

« PreviousContinue »