Rethinking Environmental History: World-system History and Global Environmental Change

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Alf Hornborg, John Robert McNeill, Juan Martínez Alier
Rowman Altamira, 2007 - Nature - 408 pages
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This exciting new reader in environmental history provides a framework for understanding the relations between ecosystems and world systems over time. Alf Hornborg has brought together a group of the foremost writers from the social, historical and geographical sciences to provide an overview of the ecological dimension of global, economic processes, with a long-term, historical perspective. Readers are challenged to integrate studies of the Earth system with studies of the World system, and to reconceptualize human-environmental relations and the challenges of global sustainability. Immanuel Wallerstein, renowned Yale sociologist and originator of the world-system concept, closes the volume with his reflections on the intellectual, moral, and political implications of global environmental change.
 

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Contents

Environmental Impacts of the Roman Economy and Social Structure Augustus to Diocletian
27
People Said Extinction Was Not Possible Two Thousand Years of Environmental Change in South China
41
Precolonial Landesque Capital A Global Perspective
61
Food War and Crisis The Seventeenth Century Swedish Empire
79
The Role of Deforestation in Earth and WorldSystem Integration
101
Silver Ecology and the Origins of the Modern World 14501640
123
Trade Trinkets and Environmental Change at the Edge of WorldSystems Political Ecology and the East African Ivory Trade
143
Steps to an Environmental History of the Western Llanos of Venezuela A WorldSystem Perspective
163
Natural Values and the Physical Inevitability of Uneven Development under Capitalism
239
Footprints in the Cotton Fields The Industrial Revolution as TimeSpace Appropriation and Environmental Load Displacement
259
Uneven Ecological Exchange and ConsumptionBased Environmental Impacts A CrossNational Investigation
273
Combining Social Metabolism and InputOutput Analyses to Account for Ecologically Unequal Trade
289
Physical Trade Flows of PollutionIntensive Products Historical Trends in Europe and the World
307
Environmental Issues at the USMexico Border and the Unequal Territorialization of Value
327
Surrogate Money Technology and the Expansion of Savanna Soybeans in Brazil
345
Scale and Dependency in WorldSystems Local Societies in Convergent Evolution
361

The Extractive Economy An Early Phase of the Globalization of Diet and Its Environmental Consequences
179
Yellow Jack and Geopolitics Environment Epidemics and the Struggles for Empire in the American Tropics 16401830
199
ECOLOGY AND UNEQUAL EXCHANGE UNRAVELING ENVIRONMENTAL INJUSTICE IN THE MODERN WORLD
219
Marxism Social Metabolism and International Trade
221
The Ecology and the Economy What Is Rational?
379
Index
391
About the Contributors
407
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Alf Hornborg is an anthropologist and professor of human ecology at Lund University. J. R. McNeill is professor of history, director of graduate studies, and Cinco Hermanos Chair of Environmental and International Affairs at Georgetown University. Joan Martinez-Alier is professor of ecological economics in the Department of Economics and Economic History at the Autonomous University of Barcelona.

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