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THE AUTHOR OF A LETTER TO MR. CIBBER,

down as a wild beast! Another protests that he

MR. OLDMIXON does not know what may happen; advises bim to calls him a great master of our tongue; deensure his person ; says, he has bitter enemies, clares “ the purity and perfection of the English and expressly declares it will be well if he escapes language to be found in his Homer; and, saying with his life. One desires he would cut his own there are more good verses in Dryden's Virgil than throat, or hang himself ?. But Pasquin seemed in any other work, except this of our author rather inclined it should be done by the govern- only '.” ment, representing him engaged in grievous designs with a lord of parliament then under pro- says, Pope was so good a versifier Conce] secution Mr. Dennis himself hath written to that, his predecessor Mr. Dryden, and his cona minister, that he is one of the most dangerous temporary Mr. Prior excepted, the harmony of persons in this kingdoin; and assureth the pub- his numbers is equal to any body's. And, that lic, that he is an open and mortal enemy to his he had all the inerit, that a man can have that country; a monster, that will, one day, show as way?.” And daring a soul as a mad Indian, who runs a muck

MR. THOMAS cooke, to kill the first Christian he meets 6. Another after much blemishing our author's Homer, crieth gives information of treason discovered in his out, poem '.

Mr. Curll boldly supplies an imperfect But in his other works what beauties shine, verse with kings and princesses. And one Matthew While sweetest music dwells in every line ! Concanen, yet more impudent, publishes at length These he admir'd, on these he stamp'd his praise, the two most sacred names in this nation, as And bade them live to brighten future days. members of the Dunciado!

Su also one who takes the name of This is prodigious ! yet it is almost as strange,

H. STANHOPE, that in the midst of these invectives his greatest the maker of certain verses to Duncan Campbell“, enemies have (I know not how) borne testimony | in that poem, which is wholly a satire upon Mr. to some merit in him.

Pope, confesseth,
MR. THEOBALD,

'Tis true, if finest notes alone could show in censuring his Shakespeare, declares, “ He has (Tun'd justly high, or regularly low) 80 great an esteem for Mr. Pope, and so high an That we should faine to these mere vocals give; opinion of his genius and excellencies ; that, not- Pope more than we can offer should receive : withstanding he professes a veneration almost rising For when some gliding river is his theme, to idolatry for the writings of this inimitable poet, His lines run smoother than the smoothest he would be very loth even to do him justice,

stream, &c. at the expense of that other gentleman's cha

Mist's JOURNAL, JUNE 8, 1728. racter '0."

Although he says, " The sinooth numbers of the MR. CHARLES GILDON,

Dunciad are all that recommend it, nor has it after having violently attacked him in many pieces, any other merit ;" yet that saine paper hath these at last came to wish from his heart, “ That Mr. words; “ The author is allowed to be a perfect Pope would be prevailed upon to give us Ovid's master of an easy and elegant versification. In Epistles by his hand, for it is certain we see the all his works we find the most ha 'py turns, and 'original of Sappho to Phaon with much more life natural similies, wonderfully short and thick and likeness in his version, than ju that of sir Car sown. Scrope. And this (he adds) is the more to be The Essay on the Dun iad also owns, p. 25. it wished, because in the English tongue we have is very full of beautiful images. But the panescarcely any thing truly and naturally written gyric, which crowns all that can be said on this upon love'l.” He also, in taxing sir Richard Black- poem, is bestowed by our laurate, more for his heterodox opinions of Homer, chal

MR. COLLEY CIBRER, lengeth him to answer what Mr. Pope hath said grants it to be a better poem of its kind in his preface to that poet.

than ever was writ:" but ad is, * it was a victory

over a parcel of poor wretches, whom it was al. 1 Theobald, Letter in Mist's Journal, June 22, ways cowardice to conquer.--A man might as well 1728.

triumph for having killed so many silly flies that a Smedley, Pref. to Gulliveriana, p. 14. 16. offended him. Could he have let them alone, by * Gulliveriana, p. 332. 4 Anno 1723. this time, poor souls ! they had all been buried 5 Anno 1729.

6 Preface to Rem. on the in oblivion 5" Here we see our excellent laureate Rape of the Lock, p. 19. and in the last page of allows the justice of the sütire on every man in it, that treatise.

but himself; as the great Mr. Deunis did before Page 6, 7. of the Preface, by Concanen, to him. a book called, A Collection of all the Letters, kis- The said says, Verses, and Ailvertisements, occasioned

MR. DENNIS AND MR. GILDON, by Pope and Swift's Miscellanius. Printed for 4. in the most furious of all their works (the fore. Moore, octavo, 1712.

Key to the Dunciad, 3. edit. p. 18.
A List of Persens, &c. at the end of the fore-

' In his prose Essay on Criticism. mentioned Collection of all the Letters, Essays,

? Printed by J. Roberts, 1742. p. 11, &c.

Pattle of the Poets, folio, p 15. 10 Introduction to his Shakespeare Restored, in

* Printed under the title of the Progress of quarto, p. 3. Commentary on the duke of Buckinghani's

Dulness, duodecimo, 1728. Essay, octavo, 1721. p. 97, 98,

5 Cibber's Letter to Mr. Pope, p. 9, 12.

who "

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MR. LEONARD WELSTED

cited character, p. 5.) do in concert' confess, this Essay meets with'.--I can safely affirm, “That some inen of good understanding value that I never attacked any of these writings, unhim for his rhymes.” And (p. 17.) " that he has less they had success infinitely beyond their got, like Mr. Bays in the Rehearsal (that is, like merit. This, though an empty, has been a Mr. Dryden), a notable knack at rhyming, and popular scribbler. The epidemic madness of writing smooth verse."

the times has given him reputation. If, after Of his Essay on Man, numerous were the the cruel treatment so many extraordinary men praises bestowed by his avowed enemies, in the (Spenser, Lord Bacon, Ben Jonson, Milton, imagination that the same was not written by him, Butler, Otway, and others) have received from as it was printed anonymously.

this country, for these last hundred years, I Thus sang of it even

should shift the scene, and show all that penury BESALEEL MORRIS.

changed at once to riot and profuseness; and Auspicious bard! while all admire thy strain, more squandered away upon one object, than All but the selfish, ignorant, and vain ;

would have satisfied the greater part of those I, whom no bribe to servile flattery drew, extraordinary men; the reader to whom this one Must pay the tribute to thy merit due:

creature should be unknown, would fancy him a 'Thy Muse sublime, significant, and clear, prodigy of art and nature, would believe that all

Alike informs the soul and charms the ear, &c. the great qualities of these persons were centered And

in him alone. But if I should venture to assure

him, that the people of England had made such thus wrote a to the unknown author, on the first

a choice-the reader would either believe me a publication of the said essay; “ I must own, after malicious enemy, and slanderer; or that the the reception which the vilest and most immoral reign of the last (queen Anne's) ministry was ribaldry hath lately met with, I was surprised to designed by fate to encourage fools.” see what I had long despaired, a performance de- But it happens, that this our poet never had serving the name of a poet. Such, sir, is your any place, pension, or gratuity, in any shape, work. It is, indeed, above all commendation, from the said glorious queen, or any of her and ought to have been published in an age and ministers. All he owed, in the whole course of country more worthy of it. If my testimony be his life, to any co:rt, was a subscription for his of weight any where, you are sure to have it in Homer, of 2001. from king George I. and 1001. the amplest manner,” &c. &c. &c.

from the prince and princess. Thus we see every one of his works hath been However, lest we imagine our Author's success extolled by one or other of his inost inveterate was constant and universal, they acquaint as of enemies; and to the suecess of them all they certain works in a less degree of repute, whereof, do unanimously give testimony. But it is suf. although owned by others, yet do they assure us ficient, instar omnium, to behold the great critic, he is the writer. Of this sort Mr. Dennis* ascribes Mr. Dennis, sorely lamenting it, even from the to him two farces, whose names he does not tell, Essay on Criticisin to this day of the Dunciad! but assures us that there is not one jest in them : A most notorious instance (quoth he) of the and an imitation of Horace, whose title he does depravity of genius and taste, the approbation not mention, but assures us it is much more

execrable than all his works'. The Daily Journal, i in concert) Hear how Mr. Dennis hath proved Durfey 'in the drama, because (as that writer

May 11, 1728, assures us, “ He is below Tom our mistake in this place : “ As to my writing in thinks) the Marriage-hater matched, and the concert with Mr. Gildon, I declare upon the honour and word of a gentleman, that I never wrote

Boarding-school, are better than the What-d'yeso much as one line in concert with any one man

call-it;” which is not Mr. P.'s, but Mr. Gay's whatsoever. And these two letters from Gildon / Nr. Gildon assures us, in his New Rehearsal, p. will plainly show, that we are not writers in con

48. “That he was writing a play of the lady cert with each other.

Jane Grey ;" but it afterwards proved to be Mr.

Rowe's. We are assured by another, “ He wrote • The height of my ambition is to please men

a pamphlet called Dr. Andrew Tripe' ;" which

proved to be one Dr. Wagstaff's. Mr. Theobald of the best judgment; and finding that I have

assures us, in Mist of the 27th of April, “ That entertained my master agreeably, I have the ex- the treatise of the Profound is very dull, and that tent of the reward of my labour.'

Mr. Pope is the author of it.” The writer of

Gulliveriana is of another opinion; and says, * I had not the opportunity of hearing of your “ The whole, or greatest part, of the merit of excellent pamphlet till this day. I am infinitely this treatise must and can only be ascribed to satisfied and eased with and hope you will Gulliver?” [Here, gentle reader ! cannot I but meet with that encouragement your admirable per- smile at the strange blindness and positiveness of formance deserves,' &c.

CH. GILDON.' men; knowing the said treatise to appertain “ Now is it not plain that any one who sends

to none other but to me, Martinus Scri. such compliments to another, has not been used

blerus. ] to write in partnership with him to whom he sends them?" Dennis, Remarks on the Dunciad, p. 50.

'Dennis, Pref. to his Reflect. pn the Essay on Mr. Dennis is therefore welcome to take this piece

Criticism. to himself.

Preface to his Remarks on Homer.

Rem. on Homer, p. 8, 9. ? In a letter under his own hand, datad March

" Ib. p. 8.

5 Character of Mr. Pope, p. 7. 12, 1733.

• Character of Mr. Pope, p. 6. Gulliv. p. 336.

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We are assured, in Mist of June 8, “That so is it of the most grave and ancient kind. his own plays and farces would better have Homer (saith Aristotle) was the first who gave adorned the Dunciad, than those of Mr. 'Theobald; the form, and (saith Horace) who adapted the for he had neither genius for tragedy nor comedy." measure, to heroic poesy. But even before this, Which whether true or not, it is not easy to may be rationally presumed from what the anjudge ; in as much as he had attempted neither. cients have left written, was a piece by Homer Unless we will take it for granted, with Mr. composed, of like nature and matter with this of Cibber, that his being once very angry at hearing our poot. For of epic sort it appeareth to have a friepd's play abused, was an infallible proof the been, yet of matter surely not uppleasant, witplay was his own; the said Mr. Cibber thinking ness what is reported of it by the learned archit impossible for a man to be much concerned for bishop Eustathius, in Odyss. X. And accordingly any but himself : “ Now let any man judge (saith Aristotle, in his Poetics, chap. iv. dath further he) by his concern, who was the true mother of set forth, that as the Iliad and Odyssey gave exthe child'}

ample to tragedy, so did this poem to comedy its But from all that hath been said, the discerning first idea. reader will collect, that it little availed our From these authors also it should seem, that author to have any candour, since, when he de- | the hero, or chief personage of it was no less clared he did not write for others, it was not obscure, and his understanding and sentiments no credited ; as little to have any modesty, since, less quaint and strange (if inileed not more so) when he declined writing in any way hiinself, the than any of the actors of our poem. Margiteş presumption of others was imputed to him. If he was the name of this personage, whom antiquity singly enterprised one great work, he was taxed recordeth to have been Dunce the first ; and surely of boldness and madness to a prodigy?: if he from what we hear of him, not unworthy to be took assistants in another, it was complained of, the root of so spreading a tree, and so numerous and represented as a great injury to the public! a posterity. The poem therefore celebrating him The loftiest heroics, the lowest ballads, treatises was properly and absolutely a Dunciad; which against the state or church, satires on lords and thougħ now unhappily lost, yet is its nature suffi. ladies, raillery on wits and authors, sqnabbles ciently known by the infallible tokens aforesaid. with booksellers, or even full and true accounts of And thus it doth appear that the first Dunciad monsters, poisons, and murders ; of any hereof was the first epic poem, written by Homer himwas there nothing so good, nothing so bad, which self, and anterior even to the Iliad or Odyssey. hath not at one or other season been to him Now, forasmuch as our poet hath translated ascribed. If it bore no author's name, then lay those two famous works of Homer which are yet he concealed ; if it did, he fathered it upon that left, he did conceive it in some sort his duty to author to be yet better concealed : If it resembled | imitate that also which was lost : and was thereany of his styles, then was it evident; if it did fore induced to bestow on it the same form which not, then disguised he it on set purpose. Yea, Homer's is reported to have had, namely, that of even direct oppositions in religion, principles, Epic Poem ; with a title also framed after the and politics, have equally been supposed in ancient Greek manner, to wit, that of Dunciad. him inherent. Surely a most rare and singular Wonderful it is, that so few of the moderns character ; of which let the reader make what he have been stimulated to attempt some Dunciad!

since, in the opinion of the multitude, it might Doubtless most commentators would hence take cost less pain and toil than an imitation of the occasion to turn all to their author's advantage, greater epic. But possible it is also, that, on and from the testimony of his very enemies would due reflection, the maker might find it easier to affirm, that his capacity was boundless, as well paint a Charlemagne, a Brute, or a Godfrey, with as his imagination ; that he was a perfect master just pomp and dignity heroic, than a Margites, a of all styles, and all arguments; and that there Codrus, or a Fleckno. was in those times no other writer, in any kind, We shall next declare the occasion and the of any degree of excellence, save he hinself. cause which moved our poet to this particular But as this is not our own sentiment, we shall work. He lived in those days, when (after Prodetermine on nothing but leave thee, gentle vidence had permitted the invention of printing reader, to steer thy judgment equally between as a scourge for the sins of the learned) paper various opinions, and to chuse whether thou wilt also became so cheap, and printers so numerous, incline to the testimonies of authors avowed, or that a deluge of authors covered the land : whereby of authors concealed : of those who knew him, or not only the peace of the honest unwriting subof those who knew him not.

P. ject was daily molested, but unmerciful demands

were made of his applause, yea of his money, by such as would neither earn the one, nor de

serve the other. At the same time, the licence MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS

of the press was such, that it grew dangerous to

refuse them either : for they would forthwith pubThis poem, as it celebrateth the most grave and

lish slanders unpunished, the authors being anoancient of things, Chaos, Night, and Dulness : lishers, 'a set of men who neither scrupled to vend

nymous, and skulking under the wings of pub. ' Cibber's Letter to Mr. P. p. 19.

either calumny or blasphemy, as long as the town * Burnet's Homerides, p. 1. of his translation of would call for it. the Iliad.

* Now our author, living in those times, did • The London and Mist's Journals, on his undertaking the Odyssey,

! Vide Bossu, Du Poeme Epique, chap. viii.

can.

OF THE POLM.

5

conceive it an endeavour well worthy an honest fifth, the dark and dirty party-writer : and so of satirist, to dissuade the dull, and punish the the rest : assigning to each some proper name wicked, the only way that was left. In that pub- or other, such as he could find. lic spirited view he laid the plan of this poem, as As for the characters, the public hath already the greatest service he was capable (without much acknowledged how justly they are drawn: the hurt, or being slain) to render his dear country. manners are so depicted, and the sentiment so First, taking things from their original, he con- peculiar to those to whom applied, that surely sidereth the causes creative of such authors, to transfer them to any other or wiser personages, namely Dulness and Poverty; the one born with would be exceeding difficult : and certain it is, them, the other contracted by neglect of their that every person concerned, being consulted proper talents, through self-conceit of greater apart, hath readily owned the resemblance of abilities. This truth he wrappeth in an allegory' every portrait, his own excepted. So Mr. Cibber (as the construction of epic poesy requireth), and calls them, “a parcel of poor wretches, so many feigns that one of these goddesses had taken up silly flies !." but adds, our author's wit is reher abode with the other, and that they jointly markably “ more bare and barren, whenever it inspired all such writers and such works. He would fall foul on Cibber, than upon any other proceedeth to show the qualities they bestow on person whatever." these authors, and the effects they produce 3: The descriptions are singular, the comparisons then the materials, or stock, with which they very quaint, the narration various, yet of one furnish them *; and (above all) that self-opinion colour: the purity and chastity of diction is so which causeth it to seem to themselves vastly preserved, that, in the places mest suspicious, greater than it is, and is the prime motive of their not the words but only the images have been setting up in this sad and sorry merchandise. The censured, and yet are those images no other than great power of these goddesses acting in alliance have been sanctified by ancient and classical au(whereof as the one is the mother of industry, so thority (though, as was the manner of those good is the other of plodding) was to be exemplified in times, not so curiously wrapped up), yea, and some one great and remarkable action: and commented upon by the most grave doctors, and none could be more so than which our poet hath approved critics. chosen, viz. the restoration of the reign of Chaos As it beareth the name of epic, it is thereby and Night, by the ministry of Dulness their daugh- subject to such severe indispensable rules as are ter, in the removal of her imperial seat from the laid on all neoterics, a strict imitation of the eity to the polite world ; as the action of the ancients; insomuch that any deviation, accomÆneid is the restoration of the empire of Troy, panied with whatever poetic beauties, hath always by the removal of the race from thence to La- been censured by the sound critic. How exact tium. But as Homer singeth only the wrath of that limitation hath been in this piece, appeareth Achilles, yet includes in his poem the whole bis- not only by its general structure, but by partory of the Trojan war, in like manner our au- ticular illusions infinite, many whereof have thor hath drawn into this single action the whole escaped both the commentator and poet himself ; history of Dulness and her children.

yea, divers by his exceeding diligence are so al. A person must next be fixed upon to support tered and interwoven with the rest, that several this action. This phantom in the poet's mind have already been, and more will be, by the igmust have a name ?: he finds it to be

norant abused, as altogether and originally his and he becomes of course the hero of the poem.

The fable being thus, according to the best In a word, the whole poem proveth itself to be example, one and entire, as contained in the the work of our author, when his faculties were proposition ; the machinery is a continued chain in full vigour and perfection ; at that exact time of allegories, setting forth the whole power, mi- when years have ripened the judgment, without nistry, and empire of Dulness, extended through diminishing the imagination : which, by good her subordinate instruments, in all her various critics, is held to be punctually at forty. For at operations.

that season it was that Virgil finished his Georgics; This is branched into episodes, each of which and sir Richard Blackmore, at the like age, comhath its moral apart, though all conducive to the posing his Arthurs, declared the same to be the main end. The crowd assembled in the second very acme and pitch of life for epic poesy : though book, demonstrates the design to be more exten- since he hath altered it to sixty, the year in which pive than to bad poets only, and that we may he published his Alfred ?. True it is, that the expect other episodes of the patrons, encouragers, talents for criticism, namely, smartuess, quick or paymasters of such authors, as occasion shall censure, vivacity of remark, certainty of asseverabring them forth. And the third book, if well tion, indeed all but acerbity, seem rather the considered, secmeth to embrace the whole world. gifts of youth, than of riper age : but it is far Each of the games relateth to some or other vile otherwise in poetry; witness the works of Mr. class of writers : the first concerneth the plagiary, Rymer and Mr. Dennis, who, beginning with to whom he giveth the name of Moore; the se- criticism, becaine afterwards such poets as cond, the libellous novelist, whom he stileth age bath paralleled. With good reason therefore Eliza; the third, the flattering dedicator; the did our author chuse to write his essay on that fourth, the bawling critic, or noisy poet; the subject at twenty, and reserve for his maturer

years this great and wonderful work of the Dan. • Possu, chap. vii. Book 1. ver. 32, &c. ciad. 3 Ver. 45 to 54. * Ver. 57 to 77. • Book I. ver. 80. • Thid. chap. vii, viii. · Cibber's Letter to Mr. P. page 9. 12. 41. ? Bossu, chap. viii. Vide Aristot. Poet. cap. ix.

2 Sce bis Essays.

Own

no OF THE HERO OF THE POEM,

RICARDUS ARISTARCHUS

ancient Dunciads (as we may well term it) is come down unto us, amongst the tragedies of the

poet Euripides. And what doth the reader supOr the nature of Dunciad in general, whence de- pose may be the subject thereof? Why in truth, rived, and on what authority founded, as well as and it is worthy observation, the unequal contest of the art and conduct of this our poem in par- of an old, dull, debauched buffoon Cyclops, with ticular, the learned and laborious Scriblerus hath, the heaven-directed favourite of Minerva; who, after according to his manner, and with tolerable share having quietly borne all the monster's obscene of judgment, dissertated. But when he cometh and impious ribaldry, endeth the farce in punishto speak of the person of the hero fitted for such ing him with the mark of an indelible brand in poem, in truth he miserably halts and halluci- his forehead. May we not then be excused, if, nates : for, misled by one Monsieur Bossu, a

for the future, we consider the epics of Homer, Gallic eritic, he prateth of I cannot tell what Virgil, and Miltoa, together with this our poem, phantom of a hero, only raised up to support the

as a complete tetralogy; in which the last worfable. A putid conceit! As if Homer and Virgil, thily holdeth the place or station of the satiric like modern undertakers, who first build their piece? house and then seek out for a tenant, had con

Proceed we therefore in our subject. It hath trived the story of a war and a wandering, before been long, and alas for pity! still remaineth a they once thought either of Achilles or Eneas. question, whether the hero of the greater epic We shall therefore set our good brother and the should be an honest man; or as the French world also right in this particular, by assuring critics express it, un honnête homme': but it them, that, in the greater epic, the prime inten

never admitted of a doubt, but that the hero of tion of the Muse is to exalt heroic virtue, in order the little epic should be just the contrary. Hence, to propagate the love of it among the children to the advantage of our Dunciad, we may observe, of men; and consequently that the poet's first how much juster the moral of that poem must thought must needs be turned upon a real subject needs be, where so important a question is meet for laud and celebration; not one whom he previously decided. is to make, but one whom he may find, truly

But then it is not every knave, nor (let me illustrious. This is the primum mobile of his add) every fool, that is a fit subject for a poetic world, whence every thing is to receive life

Dunciad. There must still exist some analogy, and motion. For, this subject being found, he if not resemblance of qualities between the heroes is immediately ordained, or rather acknowledged, of the two poems; and this in order to admit an hero, and put upon such action as befitteth what neoteric critics call the parody, one of the the dignity of his character.

liveliest graces of the little epic. Thus it being But the Muse ceaseth not here her eagle-flight. agreed that the constituent qualities of the For sometimes, satiated with the contemplation greater epic hero, are wisdom, bravery, and love, of these suns of glory, she turneth downward on

from whence springeth heroic virtue; it followeth, her wing, and darts with Jove's lightning on the

that those of the lesser epic hero should be goose and serpent kind. For we may apply to vanity, assurance, and debauchery, from which the Muse in her various moods, what an ancient asseinblage resulteth heroic dulness, the nevermaster of wisdom affirmeth of the gods in general: dying subject of this our poem. Si Dii non irascuntur impiis et injustis, nec pios

This being settled, come we now to particulars. utique justosque diligunt." In rebus enim diversis, It is the character of true wisdom, to seek its aut in utramque partem moveri necesse est aut in chief support and confidence within itself; and neutram. Itaque qui bonos diligit, et malos odlit; et to place that support in the resources which proqui malos non odit, nec bonos diligit. Quia et diligere ceed from a conscious rectitude of will.–And are bonos ex olio malorum venit; et malos odisse ex the advantages of vanity, when arising to the bonorum caritate descendit. Which in our verna

heroic standard, at all short of this self-comcular idiom may be thus interpreted : “ If the gods placence ? nay, are they not, in the opinion of be not provoked at evil men, neither are they de

the enamoured owner, far beyond it? “Let the lighted with the good and just. for contrary ob- world” (will such an one say) “impute to me what jects must either excite contrary affections, or no folly or weakness they please; but till wisdom affections at all. So that he who loveth good men,

can give me something that will make me more must at the same time hate the bad; and he heartily happy, I am content to be gazed at?! who hateth not bad men, cannot love the good; This, we see, is vanity according to the heroic because to love good men proceedeth from an gage or measure ; not that low and ignoble species aversion to evil, and to hate evil men from a which pretendeth to virtues we have not; but the tenderness to the good.” Froin this delicar y of laudable ambition of being gazed at for glorying the Muse arose the little epic (more lively and in those vices, which every body knows we have. choleric than her elder sister, whose bulk and

* The world may ask” (says he) " why I make complexion incline her to the phlegmatic): and my follics public? Why not?

I have passed for this, some notorious vehicle of vice and folly my life very pleasantly with them !." In short, was sought out, to make ther of an example. An there is no sort of vanity such a hero would early instance of which (nor could it escape the scruple, but that which might go near to degrade accarate Scriblerus) the father of epic poem himself affordeth us. From him the practice de

"Si un heros poëtique doit être un honnête scended to the Greek dramatic poets, his off

homine. Bossu, du Poème Epiquo, liv. v. spring; who, in the composition of their tetra

ch. 5.

2 Ded. to the Life of C. C. logy, or set of four pieces, were wont to make the last a satiric tragedy. Happily, one of these

Life, p. 2. oct. edit.

3

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