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TO THE FIRST EDITION OF THE FOURTI BOOK OF THE
had drawn each other's characters on certain oc-notes on the 'works of this poet. Before I had casions; but the few here inserted are all that the happiness of his acquaintance, I had written could be saved from the general destruction of a commentary on his Essay on Man, and have such works.
since finished another on the Essay of Criticism. of the part of Scriblerus I need say nothing ; | There was one already on the Dunciad, which had his manner is well enough known, and approved met with general approbation : but I still thought by all but those who are too much concerned to some additions were wanting (of a more serious be judges.
kind), to the humorous notes of Scriblerus, anil even to those written by Mr. Cleland, Dr. Ir
buthnot, and others. I had lately the pleasure ADVERTISEMENT
to pass some months with the anthor in the coun
try, where I prevailed upon him to do what I had DUNCIAD, WHEN PRINTED SEPARATELY IN THE YEAR
long desired, and favour ine with his explanation 1742.
of several passages in his works. It happened, We apprehend it can be deemed no injury to
that just at that juncture was published a ridiculthe author of the three first bonks of the Dunciad, which furnished him with a lucky opportunity of
ons book against him, full of personal reflections, that we publish this fourth. It was found merely by accident, in taking a survey of the library of improving this poem, by giving it the only thing a late eminent nobleman; but in so blotted a con
it wanted, a more considerable bero. He was al
and dition, and in so many detached pieces, as plainly ways sensible of its defect in that particu showed it to be not only incorrect, but unfinished.
owned he had let it pass with the hero it had, That the author of the three first books had a
purely for want of a better, not entertaining the design to extend and complete his poem in this least expectation that such an one was reserved manner, appears from the dissertation prefixed to
for this post, as has since obtained the laurel : it, where it is said, that the design is more exten
but since that had happened, he could no longer sive, and that we may expect other episodes to
deny this justice either to him or the Dunciad. complete it: And from the declaration in the
And yet I will venture to say, there was anoargument to the third book, that the accomplish-ther motive which had still more weight with our ment of the prophecies therein would be the
author : This person was one, who from every theme hereafter of a greater Dunciad.
But folly (not to say vice) of which another would be whether or not he be the author of this, we de- ashamed, has constantly derived a vanity! and clare ourselves ignorant. If he be, we are no
therefore was the man in the world who would more to be blamed for the publication of it, than
least be hurt by it.
W. W. Tucca and Varius for that of the last six books of the Æneid, though perhaps inferior to the former.
If any person be possessed of a more perfect copy of this work, or of any other fragments of it,
ADVERTISEMENT. and will communicate them to the publisher, we
PRINTED IN THE JOURNALS, 1730. shall make the next edition more complete: in which we also promise to insert any criticisms Whereas, upon occasion of certain pieces rethat shall be published (if at all to the purpose) | lating to the gentlemen of the Dunciad, some with the names of the authors; or any letters sent have been willing to suggest, as if they looked us (though not to the purpose) shall yet be upon them as an abuse: we can do no less than printed under the title of Epistolæ Obscurorum own, it is our opinion, that to call these gentlemen Virorum ; which, together with some others of the bad authors is no sort of abuse, but a great truth. same kind formerly laid by for that end, may We cannot alter this opinion without some reason; make no unpleasant addition to the future im- bnt we promise to do it in respect to every person pressions of this poem.
who thinks it an injury to be represented as no wit, or poet, provided he procures a certificate of his
being really such, from any three of his comADVERTISEMENT.
panions, in the Dunciad, or from Mr. Dennis
singly, who is esteemed equal to any three of the TO THE COMPLETE EDITION OF 1713.
number. I have long had a design of giving some sort of
PARALLEL OF THE CHARACTERS 01
MR. POPE AND MR. DRYDEN,
AS DRAWN EY CERTAIN OF THEIR CONTEMPORARIES, AS DRAWN BY CERTAIN OF THEIR CONTEMPORARIES.
HIS POLITICS, RELIGION, MORALS.
Mr. Pope is an open and mortal enemy to his MR. Dryden is a mere renegado from monarchy, country and the commonwealth of learning's poetry, and good sense'. A true republican Some call him a popish whig, which is directly son of monarchical church?. A republican atheist! inconsistent? Pope, as a papist, must be a tory Dryden was from the beginning an áddo górahand high Ayer? He is both whig and tory“. hos, and I doubt not will continue so to the .
Dennis, Rem. on the Rape of the Lock, Pref. last. Milbourn on Dryden's Virgil, 8vo, 1698, p. 6.
2 Dunciad dissected. ? Pref. to Gulliveriana. . Pag. 38. Pag. 192 * Pag. 8. * Dennis, Character of Mr. P.
MR. DRYDEN ONLY A VERSIFIER.
lo the poem called Absalom and Achitophel are He hath made it his custoin to cackle to more notoriously traduced, the king, the queen, the than one party in their own sentiments'. lords and gentlemen, not only their honourable In his Miscellanies, the persons abused are, the persons exposed, but the whole nation and its re- king, the qucen, his late majesty, both houses presentatives notoriously libelled. It is scandalum of parliament, the privy-council, the bench of magnatum yea of majesty itself'.
bishops, the established church, the present miHe looks upon God's gospel as a foolish fable, nistry, &c. To make sense of some passages, like the Pope, to whom he is a pitiful purveyor? they must be construed into royal scandal?. His very christianity may be questioned ! He ought He is a popish rhymester, bred up with a conto expect more severity than other men, as he is tempt of the sacred writings! His religion allows most unmerciful in his own reflections on others: him to destroy heretics, not only with his pen, With as good a right as his holiness, be sets up for but with fire and sword; and such were all those poetical infallibility:
, unhappy wits whom he sacrificed to his accursed
popish principles It deserved vengeance to
suggest, that Mr. Pope had less infallibility, than His whole libel is all bad matter, beautified bis namesake at Romes. (which is all that can be said of it) with good metre'.
MR. POPE ONLY A VERSIFIER. Mr. Dryden's genius did not appear in any thing The sinooth numbers of the Dunciad are all that more than his versification, and whether he is recommend it, nor has it any other inerit. to be ennobled for that only is a question '.
must be owned that he hath got a notable nack of MR. DRYDEN'S VIRGIL.
rhyming and writing smooth verse'.
MR, Pope's HOMER. Tonson calls it Dryden's Virgil, to show that
The Homer which Lintot prints, does not talk this is not that Virgil so admired in the Augustan like Homer, but like Pope ; and he who translated age; but a Virgil of another stamp, a silly, im- him, one would swear, had a hill in Tipperary pertinent, nonsensical writer. None but a Bavius, for 'bis Parnassus, and a puddle in some bog à Mævius, or a Bathyllus, carped at Virgil'; for his Hippocrene". and none but such unthinking vermin admire his among those that can distinguish, discern, and
He has no admirers, translator'. It is true, soft and easy lines inight judge become Ovid's Epistles or Art of Love-But Virgil,
He hath a knack at smooth verse, but without who is all great and majestic, &c. requires strength either genius or good sense, or any tolerable knowof lines, weight of words, and closeness of ex: ledge of English. The qualities which distinguish pression ; not an aobling Muse running on carpet Homer are the beauties of his diction, and the ground, and shod as lightly, as a Newmarket harmony of his versification—but this little author, racer. He has numberless faults in his author's
who is so much in vogue, has neither sense in his meaning, and in propriety of expression 'o.
thoughts, nor English in his expressions o. MR. DRYDEN UNDERSTOOD NO GREEK NOR LATIN.
MR. POPE UNDERSTOOD NO GRBEK. Mr. Dryden was once, I have heard, at West.
He hath undertaken to translate Homer from minster school: Dr. Busby would have whipt him the Greek, of which he knows not one word, into for so childish a paraphrase". The mcanest English, of which he understands as little". I pedant in England would whip a lubber of twelve wonder how this gentleman would look, should it for construing so absurdly? The translator is be discovered, that he bas not translated ten verses mad: every line betrays his stupidity'. 'The together in any book of Homer with justice to the faults are innumerable, and convince me that poet, and yet he dares reproach his fellow-writers Mr Dryden did not, or would not understand his with not understanding Greek. He has stuck se author". This shows how fit Mr. D. may be to little to his original as to have his knowledge in translate Homer! A mistake in a single letter Greek called in question". I should be glad to might fall on the printer well enough, but six we know which it is of all Homer's excellencies which for ixwe must be the errour of the author : Nor bad has so delighted the ladies, and the gentlemen who he art enough to correct it at the press': Mr. judge like ladies'. Dryden writes for the court ladiese He writes for
But he bas a notable talent at burlesque ; his the ladies, and not for use's.
genius slides so naturally into it, that be hath
burlesqued Homer without designing it's. MR. DRYDEN TRICKED HIS SUBSCRIBERS. I wonder that any man, who could not but bę
· Theobald, Letter in Mist's Journal, June 12, conscious of his own uufitness for it, should go to
1728. amuse the learned world with such an undertaking !
? List, at the end of a Collection of Verses, Letters, A man ought to value his reputation more than Advertisements, 8vo. printed for A. Moore, 1728,
3 Dennis's Remarks on money; and not to hope that those who can read and the Preface to it, p. 6. for themselves, will be imposed upon, merely by
Homer, p. 27. • Preface to Gulliveriana, p. 11. The translator puts in a little burlesque now and
" Dedication to the Collection of Verses, Letter,
&c. p. 9. 1 Whip and Key, 4to, printed for R. Janeway, racter of Mr. P. and Dennis on Hom.
. Mist's Journal of June 8, 1728. 1682. Pref. 3 Milbourne, p. 9. Ibid.
Dennis's p. 175. » Pag. 39. • Whip and Key, Pref. Old- Remarks on Pope's Homer, p. 12.
Ib. p. 14. mixón, Essay on Criticism, p. 84. 'Milbourne p. 2.
10 Character of Mr.P. p. 17. and Remarkson Hon
11 Dennis's Remarks on Homer, p. 12. Pag. 35.
10 Milb. p. 22, and 192.
12 Daily Jour. April 23, 1728. Suppl. to tħe " Pag. 19. 16 Pag. 144. 190.
Profound, Pref. i Oldmixon, Essay on Criticism,
66. 16 Dennis's Remarks, p. 28.
Page 72. p. 91.
MR. POPE TRICKED HIS SUBCRIBERS.
NAMES BESTOWED ON MR. DRYDEN.
NAMES LBSTOWED ON MR. POPL.
then into Virgil, for a ragout to his cheated sub-
It is indeed somewhat bold, and almost pro-
tations have been raised in proportion to what
been concerned in jobs, and hired out bis name to
An Ape.] Let us take the initial letter of his
christian name, and initial and final letters of his
surname, viz. APE, and they give you the same
An Ass.] It is my duty to pull off the lion's skin
A Frog.) A squab short gentleman- a little
creature that, like the frog in the fable, swells,
and is angry that it is not allowed to be as big as ao
A Coward.) A lurking, way-laying coward'.
A Knare.] He is one whom God and Nature have
A Fool.] Great fools will be christened by the
names of great poets, and Pope will be called
A Thing.) A little abject thing!
Benson, William, Esq. iii. 325. iv, 110.
Burgersdick, iv. 198.
Bruin and bears, i. 101.:
Bear and fiddle, i. 224.
Cibber, Colley, hero of the poem, passim,
Cibber, jun. ii. 139, 326,
Caxton, Williain, i. 145.
Curll, Edm. i. 40. ii. 3. 58. 167, &c.
Cooke, Thomas, ii. 138.
Concanen, Matthew, ij. 299.
Centlivre, Susannah, ii. 411.
Cæsar in Ægypt, i. 251.
Chi Ho-am-ti, emperor of China, iii. 75,
Crouzaz, iv. 198.
Codrus, ii. 144.
De Foe, Daniel, i. 103. ii. 147.
De Foe, Norton, ij. 415.
De Lyra, or Harpsfield, i. 153.
Dennis, John, i. 106. si. 239. ii. 173.
Dunton, John, ii. 144.
D'Urfey, iii. 146.
Dutchmen, ij. 405. iii. 51.
Doctors, at White's, i. 203.
Douglas, iv. 394.
Eusden, Laurence, poet laureat, i. 104.
Quarles, Francis, i. 149.
Querno, Camillo, ii. 15.
Ralph, James, i. 216. iii. 165.
Roome, Edward, iii. 152..
Ripley, Tho. iii. 327.
Ridpath, George, i. 208. ii. 149.
Roper, Abel, ii. 149.
Rich, ïïi. 261.
Settle, Elkanah, i. 90. 146. ii. 37.
Smedley, Jonathan, ii. 291. &c.
Shadwell, Thomas, i. 240. iij. 22.
Scholiasts, iv. 231.
Silenus, iv. 492.
Sooterkins, i. 126.
Tate, i. 105. 238.
Theobald, or Tibbald, i. 133. 286.
Tutchin, John, ïi. 148.
Toland, John, ii. 399. jii. 212.
Taylor, John, the water-poet, iii. 19.
Vandals, iii. 86.
Visigoths, iii. 94.
Walpole, sir Robert, praised by our author,
Withers, George, i. 296.
Wynkin de Werde, i. 149.
Ward, Edw. i. 233. iii. 34.
Webster, ii. 258.
Warner, Thomas, ii. 125.
W'elsted, Leonard, ii. 207. iii. 170.
Woolston, Thomas, iïi. 212.
Wormius, in. 188.
Wasse, iv. 237.
Walker, hat-bearer to Bentley, iv. 206. 273.
OF MATTERS CONTAINED IN THIS POEM AND NOTES.
[The first number denotes the book, the second
the verse and note on it. Test. T'estimonies. Ap.
ADDISON (Mr.) railed at by A. Philips, iii. 326.
-abused by J. Oldmixon, in his Prose
Essay on Criticisin, &c. ii. 283.
by J. Ralph, in a London Journal, iji. 165.
Celebrated by our author,-Upon his Discourse
of MedalsIn his Prologue to Cato-In his Imj.
tation of Horace's Epistles to Augustus--and in
his Poem, ji. 140.
False facts concerning him and our author related
by anonymous persons in Mist's Journal, &c. Test.
- Disproved by the testimonies of
- The Earl of Burlington,
--Mr. Addison himself. ib.
Anger, one of the characteristics of Mr. Dennis's
critical writings, i. 106.
-Affirmation, another: Test.
[To which are added by Mr. Theobald, illna
ture, spite, revenge, i. 106.)
Altar of Cibber's Works, how built, and how found the minister of state, 213. but determines to
stick to his other talents; what those are, 217.
&c His apostrophe to his works before he
Inaugurates and anoints him, 287.
303. who let him into court, 300. who bis
tion, ii. 1. passes bis whole reign in seeing
through book üïi. Settle appears to him, iji.
37. and i. ,146. Goodman's prophecy of him,
iii. 232. How he translated an opeia, without
knowing the story, 305. and encouraged farces
because it was against his conscience, 266.
Declares be never mounted a dragon, 268.
Apprehensions of acting in a serpent, 287.
What were the passions of his old age, 303,
304. Finally subsides in the lap of Dulness,
where he rests to all eternity, iv. 20. aod note.
His son, isi. 142. His better progeny, i. 228.
-read by some Cerberian, ibid. n te.
Weekly Journals, ii. 299.
declared that when his poem had blanks
they ineant treason, iii. 297.
-of opinion that Juvenal never satirized the
poverty of Codrus, ii. 144.
Corncutter's Journal, what it cost, ii. 314.
Critics, verbal ones, must have two postulata
allowed them, ii. 1.
Catcalls, ii. 231.
Curll, Edm. his panegyric, ii. 58.
-His Corinna, and what she did, 70.
-bis prayer, 80.--Like Eridanus, 182.
much favoured by Cloacina, 97, &c.
-tost in a blanket, and whipped, 151.
--pillory'd, ij. 3.
Carolina, a curious flower, its fate, iv. 409, &c.
Dulness, the goddess ; her original and parents,
i. 12. Her ancient empire, 17. Her public colo
lege, i. 29. Academy for poetical education,
productions, and creation, 55, &c. Her survey
and contemplation of her works, 79, &c. And
of her children, 93. Their uninterupted succes-
sion, 98, &c. to 108. Her appearance to Ciba
ber, 26). She manifests to him her works, 273,
&c. Avoints him, 287, &c. Institutes games at
his coronation, ii. 18, &c. The manner how she
makes a «it, ii. 47. A great lover of a joke,
34.–And loves to repeat the same over again,
Her ways and means to procure the
pathetic and terrible in tragedy, 225, &c.
Encourages chattering and bawling, 2:37, &c.
And is patroness of party-writing and railing,
276, &c. . Makes use of the beads of critics
as scales to weigh the hcaviness of anthors,
367. Promotes slumber with the yorks of the
said authors, ibid. The wonderful virtue of
sleeping in her lap, iii. 5, &c. Her elysium,
15, &c. The souls of her sons dipt in letbe,
23. How brought into the world, 29. Their