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temper, as he had expected me the day before ; and " • Is it possible? That is not a great while ago.' matiers were not mended when I mentioned frankly “Greater than you perhaps suppose ; for a some misgivings I had on the score of domestic sound constitution and salubrious air are very deLappiness.

ceitful. Would you take me to be well on to thirty"• Domestic fiddlestick!' cried he. "What more five?' would you have than a good estate and a good wife “• What became of your child ?' cried I sud—and a healthy woman to boot, come of a long- denly. winded race, and as likely as not to lay you beside "We all marry young in our family,' replied my old friend Hook? She is a grandmother already: the widow, hanging her head. It was my daughdoes not that look well!' I laughed nervously. ter's infant,' she continued, looking up at me with

"You do not think her too young?' and the old the most beautiful blush that ever lit the cheek of gentleman grinned. Another spasmodic cachinna- a girl, which you gathered yesterday from among tion.

the daisies and buttercups; and I am GRANDMOTHER “ • Then what ails you at her—more especially Hook!'” since you tell me that there is “a vacancy in your "Well, I declare,” said Miss Jemima, as the heart?" But here comes a letter from the court.' lion finished, " that is as like a romance as any real And tearing open a large old-fashioned looking story I ever heard! Only an author would never missive, presented to him by a servant, he read as make his heroine a horrid old thing of thirty-five." follows:

“I am glad, for the sake of morality,” remarked “MY DEAR Sir-I am told that your nephew the old maid, " that she turned out to be Mrs. Hook has arrived ; and as he has been reported upon after all : only I cannot help thinking it a shocking favorably by one who saw him yesterday, and on example for girls to be grandmothers." whose taste and judgment I can rely, I am tempted to say, with the frankness of my character, that I

From the Spectator. shall be happy to make his acquaintance. I am

AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF VARNHAGEN VON ENSE. truly grateful for the many obliging things I am told he said of me; and I hope one day or other he VARNHAGEN VON Ense is a German author, solwill find them all realized. My dearest grandchild dier, and diplomatist, who was born at Dusseldorf sends a pretty little kiss to you both; and, with best in 1785, and just remembers the outbreak of the regards, I remain as usual,

French revolution, and the hopes it excited in the GRANDMOTHER Hook.'

minds of men. Soon afterwards he had some of “There !' cried the old gentleman with odious its consequences imprinted on his memory; for his triumph— there is a spirit for you! Why, you father was then a liberal, and with his young son dog, you will be as happy as the day is long!' was for a time driven about from place to place in

“I scarcely heard him, for my thoughts were consequence of his opinions. In 1800, Varnhagen brooding bitterly over the treachery of the beautiful Von Ense entered the medical college at Berlin; widow. She had broken her promise, and she had in less than three years he was expelled " for some rendered my position a thousand times more embar- trifling cause;" and then supported himself as a rassing, by persuading the wretched grandmother tutor. The battle of Jena found him at Berlin : that I had been such an ass as to say complimentary and he gives a graphic picture of the bragging conthings about her age, ugliness, and infirmities! It fidence of the Prussians before the action, and of was clear that she was a jilt; that she had only the total want of conduct and capacity in the public been laughing at my admiration ; and that she was authorities afterwards ; as well as of the manner now deterinined to extract further amusement from in which society was left to maintain itself-for my calamities. I resolved, however, to die game; there does not seem to have been much of anarchy. and telling my uncle that, although well acquainted He subsequently served at Aspern and Wagram as with Mrs. Hook from report, I desired to see her an officer in the Austrian army; and was at Paris personally before coming to a final decision, I threw soon after Napoleon's marriage with Maria Louisa. myself on horseback, and galloped straightway to On the failure of the Russian campaign and the upthe court.

rising of Germany Von Ense was again in action “ It was my intention to have asked for Mrs. under Tettenborn; whom he appears to have folHook; but the wily widow was on her guard, for lowed from the defence of Hamburg to the first as the door opened, I heard her call to the servant, capitulation of Paris. He attended the Congress in her silveriest tones, “Show the gentleman here ;' of Vienna as secretary of Prince Hardenberg, the and in another minute I stood once more in the Prussian minister; and afterwards went as Pruspresence of the unknown of the forest. I found her sian chargé d'affaires to Carlsruhe. Since 1819 he more beautiful-better dressed-younger than the seems to have lived at Berlin, occupied in literary day before; and as I saw, with keener appreciation, pursuits. the treasure I was about to lose forever, my resent- In 1843–46, Varnhagen Von Ense published his ment died away, and deep choking grief took its place. Memorabilia, in four volumes octavo, consisting of

". You forgot your promise,' said I : 'you make his autobiography and reminiscences. From this a sport of my misery!'

work Alexander Duff Gordon has arranged and 6. What could I say when questioned ? replied translated the volume before us; selecting such she sweetly. But what misery do you allude to? passages as either for their intrinsic character or --the misery of marrying a grandmother?' the events they commemorated were most like

" • When my heart is devoted to another. But ly to interest the English reader. In this task he it is needless to talk to you, for you are as incapa- has displayed great tact and judgment.

The matble of passion as a statue. You could never have ter is throughout curious and entertaining; the loved even your husband.'

translation easy and spirited, retaining the German "You are in some degree wrong; yet I was so manner without any German idioms. There are young when I was married-only sixteen—that I occasional skips, by the omission of incidents and looked upon my husband more as a guardian than matters that have no immediate English attraction ; as a lover. I was not quite seventeen when I which give a fragmentary air to the places where became a mother.'

they occur ; we jump over something, without

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knowing what. A few connecting notes would ob- planted; French courts of law were established, viate this.

before which Germans were forcibly dragged The autobiography is not without interest; for whenever the French had any complaint to make Von Ense is a remarkable man, who has mixed a against them. All civil order was at an end ; good deal with society and authors, and who con- men's homes were invaded; young nobles quartered veys shrewd and critical observations in a terse and themselves wherever a pretty woman struck their lively style. The great value of the book, how- fancy; their gallantry took the coarsest form, and ever, consists in the writer's observations upon the grossest immorality prevailed. The inhabitants public opinion, and his reminiscences of the events complained to the elector; and when he expressed and men with which he was connected. Considered his inability to assist them in their necessities, they in this point of view, the volume is a valuable con- asked his permission to drive the foreigners out of tribution to the history of the period; sometimes, their country, he begged thein for God's sake to we think, new; always strengthening those opin- have a little patience. This was a terrible predicions which exhibit the true causes of the success ament for any German prince, and one not likely to of the French revolution and the empire, and of make him respected by his own people. The only Napoleon's subsequent downfall. The hopes from hope was, that war would soon break out, wherethe outbreak in France of the professional and trad- upon their troublesome guests would be forced to ing (burgher) classes of Germany, insulted if not pass the frontier. The emigrants themselves looked oppressed by the governments and the aristocracy upon the triumphant march into France as so cer-the manner in which this sentiment was strength- tain, the acquisition of power and wealth as so infalened by the insolence of the French emigrants—lible, that they did not think of husbanding their and the gradual way in which the license of the resources ; on the contrary, they threw away republicans and the oppressions of the imperialists their money in the most reckless manner, as if they substituted for this favorable feeling one of intense wanted to get rid of it, so as to have more room for national hatred to the French—are continually in- what they were so sure to obtain. I saw gold dicated in the earlier narrative. The hollow na- pieces, which had been used as marks for pistolture of Napoleon's power—the real dissatisfaction shooting, thrown among the people to be scrambled among many of his old soldiers at his assumption for. A peasant girl, who was selling flowers, had of the imperial crown and his connection with the gold showered into her hands because she was old French aristocracy and the crowned heads of pretty. The most luxurious feasts took place; it Europe--the theatrical character of his so-called was an amusement to make every one, even the court, ånd the strong smack of the actor, if not of school-boys, drunk, and to send them reeling to the charlatan, in himself—the unsettled, uneasy state their homes. But nothing excited greater disgust of Parisian society from the highest to the lowest, than the contempt with which the emigrants treated and the total want of public honor or principle the rye bread; they took out the crumb, and which the revolution had left behind it—are well kneaded it into pellets, with which they pelted indicated by anecdotes, description, or remark. passers-by or broke windows; they hollowed out The accounts of the national war in Germany ex- the crusts, which the young viscounts or abbés hibit to us a new phase of military action. The put upon their feet, and danced about in the streets narrative of the regular campaign has little novelty amidst loud laughter until the bread was broken by beyond what arises from the German character; the stones and lost in the mud. The manner in but we have a scholarly and critical mind in the which they treated God's gift was the one sin which descriptions, as well as that of the mere military the Germans would least forgive, and upon which man; so that principles—the essential causes of they called down the vengeance of the Lord." success or failure—are suggested to the reader, if not always expressed by the writer. The sketches of the Congress of Vienna and anecdotes of the “My daily intercourse with these people (French leading men are both interesting and politically officers after the battle of Wagram, where he was useful, but perhaps have not so much of novelty wounded) soon inspired them with such confidence and raciness as the other parts. An allowance is as to induce them to lay aside all restraint; and I of course to be made for the nationality of the heard with secret joy that general discontent preauthor-we get a German view of things; but we vailed in the army, together with a liberal tone that think this obtains more in politics than in war, and alarmed the emperor. The complaint of the deteit is never extreme.

rioration of the army was universal ; which these A full idea of the value and use of the book will men attributed entirely to that love of court display only be obtained by a rather careful perusal; which had led Napoleon to forget the main considerbut a few extracts will show the sort of reading it ation that he was their general and emperor, and furnishes.

that to recognize and reward merit was better than to dispense favors. It was asserted as beyond

question that one regiment of Bonaparte's, MoThe people of Mayence had a much stronger reau's, or Jourdan's republican soldiers, was as dislike to the emigrants than those of Manheim, good as three or four of the emperor's present and we heard them spoken of on our way to Cob- troops. I also heard remarkable confessions of lentz with perfect hatred. Hundreds of stories which no mention was made in Napoleon's bulletins; were told of their pride, their extravagance, their here a superior force of French cuirassiers had violence, and their laughable vanity. Coblentz was been beaten by Blankenstein's Austrian hussars, or overrun with them; they had there established the infantry had not done their duty; there some their head-quarters, and played the part of lords particular general had committed some egregious and masters. The Elector of Treves, who had re- blunder. Napoleon himself was not spared; they ceived them into his territory, had not a word to did not scruple to call him a rogue; but were say in the matter ; his magistrates were treated ready nevertheless to do his bidding at a moment's with contempt by these strangers, his troops sup- notice."

REPUBLICAN FEELING IN THE FRENCH ARMY.

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FRENCH EMIGRANTS: THE OLD REGIME.

NAPOLEON AND HIS COURT.

OF LIBERATION.

porals.

“ His eyes were gloomily fixed upon the ground,

and occasionally glanced rapidly from one person "Officers in gorgeous uniforms were working to another. When he smiled, the smile played their way with great difficulty amid livery servants only about the mouth and cheeks, the eyes remainbearing refreshments. Conversation was loud and ing immovably fixed. . If by an effort he succeeded animated ; every one was trying to find their ac- in forcing the smıle into the upper part of his face, quaintances and more room. There was no ap- his countenance grew still more repulsive. There pearance of dignity or ceremony worthy of the was something awful in this union of smiles and occasion ; every one looked uncomfortable and sternness. I cannot understand what those people bored. The only people whose appearance did not mean who say that they found his countenance capbelie their station were the members of the Aus- tivating from its pleasant and kindly expression. trian embassy. Prince Schwarzenberg especially His features, undeniably classical and beautiful, had a noble appearance; his manners were easy were hard and fixed as marble, and incapable of without languor, and earnest without pomposity; expressing confidence or any generous emotion. his whole conduct made a striking contrast to the ** What he said, at least whenever I heard him, ridiculous activity and glib insignificance of so was insignificant in substance and expression, many others, especially of those courtiers who, without force, wit, or clearness ; sometimes it was having followed ihe popular current, had now been commonplace and ridiculous.” left behind in the race, which was the fate of many present. If these people, with their crosses and THE CAMP PRESS: GERMAN WAR smart clothes, and in the circle in which their na- “ One great cause of annoyance to the French ture and education intended them to move, made so was a newspaper from the camp, which was at wretched a figure, what was to be expected of first published in Lünenburg.

The eagerness them in the councils of princes, in high offices of which the people showed for news of what was trust in the camp? These thoughts struck me the going on made it imperative upon us to print hasty more, because I now found the French court, which accounts of the chief events of the campaign, so as had been described as the seat of all that was dig- to satisfy their zeal and curiosity as speedily as nified and imposing, to be the picture of disorder possible. The quantity of matter which poured in and ridicule.

on all sides soon compelled us to publish our intel“ At length the time approached, and every one ligence daily; it only wanted a name to become a rushed towards the doors; ushers, pages, and regular newspaper. The frequent mention of guards, filled the passages and the antechamber. what was going on in our immediate neighborEven here the soldiers seemed to be the only hood made Marshal Davoust one of the chief ohjects people who knew their business; and these had of remark_in the paper; which being published learnt it not from courtiers but from their cor- wherever Tettenborn's head-quarters happened to

be, soon had a great circulation, and was received A half circle was formed in the audience with the greatest favor and curiosity. Nor were chamber, and we waited till the cry of l'Empereur satirical effusions wanting, in which the humor and announced Napoleon's approach. He was dressed wit of our camp found a vent. The French had in a plain blue uniform, with his small cocked hat been accustomed until now to have a monopoly of under his arm ; and slowly advanced towards us this species of warfare; and were furious to see from the end of the room. He had the air of one themselves equalled, nay even surpassed. This exercising a strong restraint upon himself, in order newspaper was always published wherever we to conceal his contempt for those from whom he were; and_ at last ceased with its sixteenth had some object to obtain. He wished to make a number in France, where it appeared in French, favorable impression ; but nature had denied him and its last words were devoted to Marshal Daease of manner, and it was scarce worth the voust." trouble to assume it. Hence there was an incessant contest going on within him. He first addressed the Austrian ambassador, who was at one end of the half circle; and the conversation turned “ The excesses committed by our troops, of on the unfortunate ball. Napoleon intended to which the French papers gave such awful descripexpress sympathy, but failed in conveying his mean- tions, and Napoleon never ceased talking, were not ing. His manner was less friendly towards the only extremely exaggerated, but were even inferior Russian ambassador, Prince Kurakin ; and lower to those which the French soldiers allowed themdown the circle he must have heard or seen some- selves in their own country. However, the imthing to annoy him, for he lost his temper, and pression of terror which these constant representanearly annihilated the minister of some second-rate tions excited in the minds of the people gradually power, whose name I cannot at this moment recall, began to tell, and to produce those very excesses by his furious manner. Those who were near and disorders which before were mere invenenough to witness the scene afterwards asserted tion. Nothing could be more imprudent than that no cause whatever had been given for this the conduct of that portion of the French people sudden outbreak of temper, and that Napoleon had who did not take up arms against us. The doors selected this unlucky wight upon whom to vent his and windows in every town or village which wrath in order to keep the others in wholesome we entered were barricaded : the inhabitants had dread.

disappeared, and the authorities had absconded. As he proceeded further down the circle, he When’after a long search the mayor happened to tried to be more gentle; but his ill-humor was con- be discovered, he invariably said that the village stantly showing itself. He spoke in a short hasty contained nothing to supply the wants of the tone; and even when he intended to be kind, troops ; that the constant plunderings to which he always looked as if he were angry; I scarce they had been subject had exhausted their means ; ever heard so rough or so unpleasant a voice as time was requested in order that search might be Napoleon's.

made in the neighboring villages whether peradven

PRUSSIAN EXPLANATION OF PLUNDERING THE

FRENCH

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ture something might be discovered there. In this Arab dealers who come to them in caravans across manner many hours elapsed, during which we got the continent, and strive to exclude rivals from the nothing but good words ; and when, after waiting market. This prejudice, however, does not seern a long time, no provision or fodder made their ap- to be very powerful; and the trade which can pearance, the soldiers, who ran the risk of losing repay the toilsome transit across the continent by their hour of rest and refreshment, and naturally land is sure to remunerate traders who come by the became impatient, searched for themselves, and comparatively short and easy path of the river. found in most cases a superfluity of all they wanted. The requisites for a successful trade with the inThis conduct of th authorities made our men habitants of the Niger are now well ascertained by take matters with a high hand; and in a spirit of the experiences of Mr. Becroft and his fellow-voyrevenge they seized upon whatever they could find agers in the Ethiope steamer. First you want in the people's kitchens and cellars, where with iron steamers of less draught and greater enginedifferent treatment they would have been content power; for by such vessels not only the Niger but with a crust of bread. If a Cossack took up a its Tshaddah branch might be navigated at almost bundle of straw, there were loud screams of plun-all seasons of the year. You want officers like der; if he asked for a kettle for the camp, there Mr. Becroft, of hardy constitutions, inured to the were noisy complaints of personal violence, until at climate, of brave spirit, discreet, and shrewd. You length plundering and personal violence became want trading managers capable of accommodating very general, caused entirely by such conduct. their manners to the wayward dealings of a rude The guides were often led by the army with a rope people, and able to estimate the value of produce ound eir necks; but this precaution, w the little known. You want crews mostly of African Moniteur described as degrading to humanity, was blood, and at all events of sufficient stamina to bear adopted in consequence of the guides so frequently the climate. It is obvious that efficiency of navirunning away, and had been taught to the Cos- gation, the power to move rapidly, and tact in dealsacks by the French in Russia.

ing with the natives, are requisites far more impor

tant than mere armed force. Ivory, vegetable PROGRESS OF DISCOVERY IN CENTRAL

tallow, peppers, indigo, cotton wool, palm oil, a

sort of caravances or haricot beans, dye woods, AFRICA.

timber woods, skins, and a great variety of produce While more than one state government is blun- that is but slightly known, invite the trader. The dering away at measures of proved uselessness to sole desideratum is thorough efficiency in the means mitigate the horrors of barbarity on the seaboard of of navigating the river; and it is evident that a Western Africa, a Liverpool merchant and a sea commerce of indefinite extension will repay any captain have penetrated to the interior, and have sums laid out in thoroughly establishing that effsurveyed the highway not only to that inner region, ciency of navigation. but to the civilization of Africa. Mr. Robert Of course the free blacks educated in the West Jamieson of Liverpool has collected the means and Indian trade will become useful workmen in peneplanned the enterprise, with a disinterested perse trating the native land of their race. We must verance and zeal for discovery far above the mere depend, at least for generations to come, on the trading spirit of the time. Mr. Becroft has im- black race to supply the bulk of the crews. mortalized himself as one of the most daring, most It is, however, doubtful how far these legitimate discreet, and most intelligent of English discover trading measures can be carried on conjointly with

In spite of the obstacles aggravated rather the armed measures on the coast. The cruising than removed by the proceedings of the English system not only keeps up the jealousy and shyness government–in spite of the most disastrous mis- of the native tribes, but fosters all sorts of jealousy chances, Mr. Becroft has succeeded in establish- among the rival cruisers. Mr. Becroft encountered ing the fact that the interior is accessible for navi- some impediments to his exploration of the Gaboon gation and trade; he has thrown light on the river from a French commandant, who suspected interior navigation up to Timbuctoo, insomuch him of territorial objects, and had been making that only forty miles of the river remains to be ex- “ treaties” with the native chiefs conferring some plored-the part between Lever, his highest point, kiod of territorial right on the French. All this is and Boussah, Park's lowest; the great water-way very idle. The natives are too rude to make treabeing the key to several regions of beautiful and ties worth any European consideration ; but they fertile country, peopled by divers races, and afford- have a productive country, and perfect freedom of ing opportunities for legitimate commerce of indef-commerce would soon instil ideas into their minds inite extension.

which they never can derive from treaty-making The lower Niger and its branches permeate an mummeries or forcible interference with their free immense delta, containing thousands of miles of trade in slaves.—Spectator. richly fertile and wooded country. The unhealthy climate extends only for a limited space inwards ; and as you ascend the river the healthiness becomes Talking of companionship, do not you think equal to that of the tropics generally. This region there is often a peculiar feeling of home where age is inhabited by negro races, warlike, rude, yet and infirmity is ? The arm-chair of the sick, or the not destitute of civilization, and eager for trade. old, is the centre of the house. They think, perOn the middle Niger, above Iddah, the inhabitants haps, that they are unimportant; but all the houseassume more of the Arab aspect, are more civilized, hold hopes and cares flow to them and from them. congregate in towns so large that one is mentioned I quite agree with you. What you have just which is computed to contain 20,000 inhabitants, depicted is a beautiful sight, especially when, as but the are less eager for trade. They are you often see, the age of infirmity is not in the prejudiced against strangers from the West by the least selfish or exacting.

ers.

From the Westminster Review.

elegance. Besides a poem called the “ Wife," The Trial of the Earl of Somerset for the Poisoning and some minor pieces, he published" Characters,'

of Sir Thomas Overbury. By Andrew Amos, prose essays, in the manner afterwards so successEsq. Bentley

fully adopted by Dr. Earle. Mr. Amos gives some

specimens of his style. They are much deformed The interest which the story of the poisoning of by the vice of the age, a tendency to fantastic conSir Thomas Overbury has always excited in the stu- ceits and strained antithesis ; but contain many hapdent of English history cannot be ascribed to any py turns, are always curt and energetic, sometimes great sympathy either with the victim or the reputed humorous, and indicate a lively and cheerful tone criminals--profligate favorites in a corrupt and of mind. abandoned court-but must be traced principally to That, however, which was the making of Overthe mystery that overhangs the transaction, and its bury's fortunes was his introduction to the notice supposed connection with still darker secrets. This and friendship of Robert Carr, afterwards Viscount murder was generally believed, at the time, to be Rochester and Earl of Somerset. This young connected with the death of Prince Henry, the gentleman, coming up from Scotland in the stream hope and darling of the nation, and with a plot of fortune-seekers, had, by a lucky accident, atmore extensive and more horrible than that of Guy tracted the notice of the king; and his personal Faux; the character of James I. was supposed to beauty and gracefulness of demeanor at once made be deeply implicated ; and many thought that by their way to James' capricious favor. Carr was his direction the public mind was set on a wrong illiterate, idle, and by no means gifted with ability. scent at the trial of the delinquents. Later re- But his influence over the king admitted him into searches, whilst parıly proving these suspicions to all the secrets of state; placed at his disposal all be unfounded, have by no means cleared up the gifts and promotions; gave him a voice in all quesmatter. Mr. Hallam, who seems to have studied lions of foreign and doinestic polity; and thus, the subject very attentively, and gone to all the while it overwhelmed him with wealth and court sources of information then within reach, says, after friends, overwhelmed him likewise with duties, detailing one or two points which he considers set- cares, and responsibilities which he must have tled, “Upon the whole, I cannot satisfy myself as found irksome enough. In a country where all to this mystery.” He also says, “ The circum- was strange to him, and whose very language he stances connected with the murder of Sir Thomas could scarce speak intelligibly, a guide and counOverbury might furnish materials for a separate sellor must have been of the last necessity to him ; dissertation, had I leisure to stray into these by- and such an one he found in Sir Thomas Overbury. paths.”

Overbury was received into his patron's inmost conThe task here suggested has been undertaken by fidence ; all affairs of state were made known to Mr. Amos, who has not only collected together, him; despatches, petitions, in a word the secret we believe, all the information on the subject that history of the nation, all was open to both alike ; was previously open to the public, but has added lill at last, as Bacon tells us, they two knew more various documents, yet unpublished, from the State of what was passing in the country than did the Paper Office, and manuscripts in the British Mu- council itself." In all things Carr made Overbury seum. Of this new matter the most valuable por- his oracle; and, indeed, if we are to believe the lion is the written examinations of prisoners and vaunt of the latter, owed to him all his fortunes, witnesses, taken privately by Sir Edward Coke, reputation, and understanding. Thus it came to who was employed to collect the evidence for the pass that the servant, an able unscrupulous man, prosecution. These place the transaction in a very began at length to look upon the master as a mere different light from that in which it has been com- tool. Overbury may have known, perhaps, more monly viewed. If they may be depended on, they fully than we can know, the nature and causes of tend greatly to diminish the criminality of Somer- Carr's extraordinary influence over the king. Or set; and they likewise serve to explain what has it may be that he had gained 100 much insight into been hitherto so unaccountable—the difficulty that the secrets of state. At all events, it is certain was found in putting Overbury to death, The that Overbury believed he had the favorite in his work before us, therefore, must be acknowledged power; and, use what insolence he might, he could as a valuable accession to English historical litera- not now be shaken off. His patron was soon to cure. At the same time, it unfortunately happens learn that bad men must endure with patience the that the materials so diligently accumulated have tyranny of their confidential servants. been so unartfully put together, with so perverse a Carr, created Viscount Rochester, had not long disregard of method and chronology, and are so enjoyed his new rank, and the courtly society which much overlaid with general commentary, that they was now open to him, before he was captivated by not only fail of producing their due effect, but are the charms of the young Countess of Essex, then utterly unintelligible to the hasty reader. What in attendance on the queen. Lady Frances Howthe book wants is some kind of introductory narra- ard had been married, at the unripe age of thirteen, live or suinmary of the results, that might serve as to a boy of fourteen, who had immediately been index and key to its very heterogeneous con- forced to leave her, to complete his education on tenis.

the continent. She was yet a girl when she was Thomas, son of Sir Nicholas Overbury, one of initiated into the pleasures and temptations of a the judges of the Marches, was born at Boston-on- court, of which, for her rare beauty, she was looked the-Hill, in Gloucestershire. He studied at Oxford, upon as one of the brightest ornaments. A cotemand coming up to London, resided for some time porary writer, who bore her no good-will, declares in the Middle Temple. Finding the law not to his of her that “ Those who saw her face might chaltaste, he soon after" cast anchor at court,” “ the lenge nature of hypocrisy, for harboring so wicked then haven of hope," says his biographer, Win- a heart under so sweet and bewitching a countestanley, " for all aspiring spirits." Here he be- nance.” Her beauty was a fatal gift. Surrounded came distinguished for his rare accomplishments. by flatterers, separated from her natural protectors, He wrote, both in verse and prose, with ease and with the liberty of a widow and the susceptiCLXXII.

27

LIVING AGE.

VOL. XIV.

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