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vastness and grandeur of his views, every susceptible prayer had been that its order and beauty would spirit carried away a holy and generous impulse have said to other ministers and sessions, Go ye from his own noble and transfusive nature. and do likewise. And then the whole drift of his
And then they took him to Edinburgh College, prelections was to send his students forth upon the and made him professor of theology: In the old country ardent evangelists and affectionate pastors established times this was the top of the pyramid ---indoctrinated with his own extensive plans, and -the highest post which Presbyterian Scotland inflamed with his own benevolent purposes. And knew-and like Newton to the mathematic chair in then, when for successive years he crusaded the Cambridge, his preëminent fitness bore Chalmers country, begging from the rich 200 churches for into the Edinburgh chair of divinity. And perhaps the poor, and went up to London to lecture on the that faculty never owned such a combination as establishment and extension of Christian churches, the colleagues, Welsh and Chalmers. Alike men it was still the same golden future—a church naof piety-alike men of lofty integrity, and in their tional but Christian, endowed but independent, espublic career distinguished by immaculate purity- tablished but free-which inspirited his efforts, and the genius and talents of the one were a supple- awoke from beneath their ashes the fires of earlier ment to those of the other. Popular and impas- days. And when at last the delusion of a century sioned-a declaimer in the desk, and often causing was dissolved—when the courts of law changed his class-room to ring again with the fine frenzy of their own mind, and revoked the liberty of the Scothis eloquence, Chalmers was the man of power. tish Church—much as he loved its old establishAcademic and reserved-adhering steadfastly to ment—much as he loved his Edinburgh professorthe severe succession of his subjects, and handling ship, and much more as he loved his 200 churches them earnestly but calmly-Welsh was the man of — with a single movement of his pen he signed system. Ideal and impetuous, the one beheld the them all away. He had reached his grand climactruth embodied in some glorious fancy, and as the teric, and many thought that, smitten down by the best and briefest argument tore the curtain and shock, his gray hairs would descend in sorrow 10 bade you look and see. Contemplative and cau- the grave. It was time for him to break his tious, the other was constantly rejecting the illus- mighty heart and die." But they little knew she trations which pass for arguments, and putting the man. They forgot that spirit which, like the trodstaff of his remorseless logic through the illusions den palm, had so often sprung erect and stalwart of poetry when substituted for the deductions of from a crushing overthrow. We saw him that reason or the statements of history. Sanguine and November. We saw him in its Convocation—the strenuous, the one was impatient of doubts and sublimest aspect in which we ever saw the noble delays; and if reasoning failed had recourse to man. The ship was fast aground, and as they rhetoric ;—if the regular passage-boat refused his looked over the bulwarks, through the mist and the despatches, he at once bound them to a rocket and breakers, all on board seemed anxious and sad. sent them right over the river. Patient and acute, Never had they felt prouder of their old first-rate, the other was willing to wait, and was confident and never had she ploughed a braver path than that truth if understood must sooner or later win when-contrary to all the markings in the chart, the day. Ardent and generous, the panegyric of and all the experience of former voyages-she the one was an inspiring cordial ; vigilant and faith- dashed on this fatal bar. The stoutest were disful, the criticism of the other was a timely caveat. mayed, and many talked of taking to the fragments, A man of might, the one sought to deposit great and, one by one, trying for the nearest shore ; when, principles, and was himself the example of great calmer because of ihe turmoil, and with the exultaexploits. A man of method, the other was minute tion of one who saw safety ahead, the voice of this in his directions, and painstaking in his lessons, dauntless veteran was heard propounding his confiand frequent in his rehearsals and reviews. The dent scheme. Cheered by his assurance, and inone was the man of grandeur; the other the man spired by his example, they set to work, and that of grace.
The one was the volcano ; the other dreary winter was spent in constructing a vessel was the verdure on its side. The one was the with a lighter draught and a simpler rigging, but burning light; the other the ground glass which large enough to carry every true-hearted man who made it softer shine. Each had his own tint and ever trod the old ship's timbers. Never did he magnitude ; but the two close-united made a double work more blithely, and never was there more of star, which looked like one; and now that they athletic ardor in his looks, than during the six have set together, who will venture to predict the months that this ark was a-building—though every rising of such another?
stroke of the mallet told of blighted hopes and deFor thirty years it had been the great labor of feated toil, and the unknown sea before him. And Dr. Chalmers to popularize the Scottish Establish- when the signal-psalm announced the new vessel ment. A religion truly national, enthroned in the launched, and leaving the old galley high and dry highest places, and a beatific inmate in the humblest on the breakers, the banner unfurled, and showed homes-a church which all the people loved, and the covenanting blue still spotless, and the symbolwhich provided for them all—a church with a king ic bush still burning, few will forget the renovation for its nursing father, and a nation for its members of his youth and the joyful omen of his shining - this was the splendid vision which he had once countenance. It was not only the rapture of his seen in Isaiah, and longed to behold in Scotland. prayers, but the radiance of his spirit which repeatIt was to this that the herculean exertions of the ed "God is our Refuge."* It is something heartpastor, and anon the professor, tended. By his stirring to see the old soldier take the field, or the great ascendency he converted the populous and old trader exerting every energy to retrieve his plebeian parish of St. John's into an isolated dis- shattered fortunes; but far the finest spectacle of the tict—with an elder and a deacon to every family, moulting eagle was Chalmers with his hoary locks und a Sabbath school for every child—and had beginning life anew. But indeed he was not old. wellnigh banished pauperism from within its bor- They who can fill their veins with every hopeful, ders. And though it'stood a reproachful oasis, healthful thing around them—those who can imbibe only shaming the wastes around it, his hope and * The psalm with which the Free Assembly opened.
the sunshine of the future. and transfuse life from look at; it was the reformer and philanthropist in realities not come as yet—their blood need never haste to people and possess them. His was the freeze. And his bosom heaved with all the new working earnestness which is impatient ull j18 com ness of the church's life and the bigness of the ceptions are realities and its hopes embodied in church's plans. And, best of all, those who wait results. For example, he took his idea of Chris upon the Lord are always young. This was the tianity, not from books, nor from its living specireason why, on the morning of that Exodus, he did mens : for the Christianity of books is often irite, not totter forth from the old establishment a blank and the Christianity of living men is often arrogant and palsy-stricken man ; but with flashing eye and vulgar ; but he took his type of Christianity snatched up his palmer-staff, and as he stamped it from its divine original—benignant, majestic, and on the ground all Scotland shook, and answered God-like as he found it in the Bible--and gave this with a deep God-speed to the giant gone on pil- refined and lofty idea perpetual presidency in his grimage.
congenial imagination. And what sort of place was From that period till he finished his course, there thai? Why, it was quite peculiar. It was not was no fatigue in his spirit and no hesitation in his like Jeremy Taylor's-a fairy grotto where you gait. Relieved from hollow plaudits and from ham- looked up through the woodbine ceiling and saw pering patronage, far ahead of the sycophants who the sky with its inoonlit clouds and the angels morused to raise the worldly dust around him, and sur- ing among them; or listed the far-off waterfall now rounded by men in whose sincerity and intelligent dying like an old-world melody, or swelling power sympathy his spirit was refreshed, and in whose fully like a prophecy when the end is near. Nor wisdom and affection he confided and rejoiced, he was it like Foster's—a donjon on a frowning steep advanced along his brightening path, with upright
--where the moat was black, and the winds were ness and consistency in his even mien and the peace cold, and the sounds were not of earth, and iron of God in his cheerful countenance. His eye was gauntlets clanged on the deaf unheeding door. Nor not dim nor his force abated. On the 14th of May was it his favorite Cowper's—a cottage with its we passed our last morning with him. It was his first summer joy, where the swallow nestled in the eaves visit to London after the Hanover Square Ovation and the leveret sported on the floor-where the sunnine years ago. But there were now no coronets beam kissed the open Bible, and Homer lay below nor mitres at the door. Besides one or two of his the table till the morning hymn was sung. Nor own family, J. D. Morell, Baptist Noel, and Isaac was it the imagination of his dear companion, EdTaylor were his guests. And he was happy. ward Irving—à mountain-sanctuary ai even-tide, There was neither the exhaustion of past excite- where the spirits of his sainted sires would come to ment nor the pressure of future engagements and him, and martyr tunes begin to float through the anxieties in his look. It was a serene and restful duskier aisles, and giant worthies enter from the morning, and little else than earnest kindness looked mossy graves and fill with reverend mien the ancient through the summer of his eyes. The day before, pews. More real than the first-more happy than he had given his evidence before the Sites’ Com- the second-more lordly than the third, it was more mittee of the House of Commons, and, reminded modern and more lightsome than the last. It was that, according to the days of the week, it was a mansion airy, vast, and elegant—an open country twenty years that day since he had opened Edward all round it and sunshine all through it-not Irving's church, most of the conversation reverted crowded with curiosities nor strewed with trinkets to his early friend. There was a mildness in his and toys—but massy in its proportions and stately tone and a sweetness in his manner, and we could in its ornaments—the lofty dwelling of a princely now almost fancy a halo round his head which mind. And into this imagination its happy owner might have warned us of what was coming. He took the gospel and enshrined and enthroned it. preached all the Sabbaths of his sojourn in Eng- That gospel was soon the better genius of the place. land, willingly and powerfully, and on the last Sab- It gave the aspect of broad welcome and bright es. bath of May he was again at home. That evening pectation to its threshold. It shed a rose-uint on he is said to have remarked to a friend that he its marble and breathed the air of heaven through thought his public work completed. He had seen its halls. And like an Alhambra with a seraph far the disruption students through the four years of its occupant, it looked forth from the lattice brighter their course. He had seen the sustentation fund than the noon that looked in. Yes, it was no comorganized. He had been to parliament and borne mon home which the gospel found when it first his testimony in high places. To-morrow he consecrated that lofty mind; and it was no common would give in the college report to the Free As- day in the history of the church when that spirit sembly; and after that he hoped to be permitted to first felt the dignity and gladness of this celestial retire and devote to the West Port poor his remain- inmate. Powers and resources were devoted to its ing days. He was willing to decrease, and close service-not needed by that gospel, but much needed his career as a city missionary. But just as he by gospel-rejecting man. And, not to specify the was preparing to take the lower room, the Master successive offerings laid at its feet by one of the said, " Come up hither," and took him up beside most gifted as well as grateful of devotees, we himself. Next morning all that met the gaze of would mention his parochial sermons and his astrolove was the lifeless form—in stately repose on the nomical discourses. In the one we have the gospel pillow, as one who beheld it said, "a brow not made so palpable that the simplest and slowest cast in the mould of the sons of men. Like his hardly can miss it; in the other we find it made 80 friends, Thomson, M'Crie, Welsh, and Aber- majestic that the most intellectual and learned cancrombie, that stout heart that had worked so hard not but admire it. In the one we have Christianity and swelled with so many vast emotions, had gently brought down to the common affairs of life ; in the yielded, and to his ransomed spirit opened heaven's other we have it exalted above the heavens. In the nearest portal.
one we see the gospel in its world-ward direction, He possessed in highest measure that divinest and starting from the cradle at Bethlehem, follow faculty of spirit, the power of creating it own it to the school and the fireside and the dying-bed; world; but it was not a poet creating worlds to in the other we view it in its God-ward direction,
and following its fiery chariot far beyond the galaxy, | itic. He believed that whatever is in the Bible will lose it in the light inaccessible. In the one we have yet be in the world. And he believed that all things existence evangelized ; in the other we have the are coming which God has promised, and that all gospel glorified. The one is the primer of Christi- things are practicable which God bids us perform. anity ; the other is its epic.
But we shall misrepresent the man, unless the But it was not in mere sermons that his imagination prime feature in our memory's picture be his wonburned and shone. His schemes of beneficence drous goodness. It was not so much in his capa-his plans for the regeneration of his country took cious intellect, or his soaring fancy, that he surtheir vastness and freshness from the idealism of a passed all his fellows, as in his mighty heart. Big creative mind. At first sight they had all the look to begin with, the Gospel made it expand till it of a romance-impossible, transcendental, and un- took in the human family. " Good-will to man" real. And had the inventive talent been his only was the inscription on his serene and benignant faculty, they would have continued romantic pro- countenance; and if at times the shadow of some jects and nothing more ;-a new Atlantis, a happy inward anxiety darkened it, or the cloud of a movalley, or a fairy-land. And if he had been like mentary displeasure lowered over it, all that was most men of poetic mood, he would have deprecated needful to brighten it into its wonted benignity was any attempt to reduce his gorgeous abstractions to the sight of something human. Deeply impressed dull actualities. But Chalmers was never haunted with our nature's wrong estate-a firm and sorrowby this fear. He had no fear of carnalizing his ful believer in its depravity and desperate wickedconceptions, but longed to see them clothed in flesh ness—the sadness of his creed gave nothing bitter and blood. He had no tenderness for his day- to his spirit and nothing sombre to his bearing. dreams, but would rather see them melt away, and Like Him who best knew what was in man, but leave in their place a waking world as good and who was so bent on making him better, that the lovely as themselves. Vivid as was his fancy, his kindness of his errand counteracted the keenness working faculty was no less vehement; and his of his intuition, and filled his mouth with gracious constructive instinct compelled him to set to work as words—there was so much inherent warmth in his soon as the idea of an institution or an effort had once temperament, and so much of heaven-imparted fairly filled his soul. And these exertions he made kindliness in his Christianity, that love to man was with an intensity as irresistible as it was contagious. his vital air, and good offices to man his daily bread. Like the statesman who, in the union of a large and how was his ruling passion-how was his phiphilosophy and a gorgeous fancy, was his parallel* lanthropy displayed ? Not in phrases of ecstatic -he might have divided his active career into suc- fondness—for though a citizen of the world he was cessive " fits,” or “manias,”—a preaching fit, a also a Scotchman in the region of the softer feelpastoral fit, a fit of church-reforming, a fit of ings sequestered, proud, and shy-and, except the church-extending. And such transforming posses- my dear sir," of friendly talk, and the cordial sions were these fits-so completely did they change shake of cager recognition, he was saving of the his whole nature into the image of the object at commonplace expressions of endearment, and did not which he aimed, that the apostle's words, “ this depreciate friendship’s currency by too lavish emone thing I do,” he might have altered to,“ this one ployment of its smaller coin. He must have been thing I am." There was no division of his strength a special friend to whom he subscribed himself as -no diversion of his mind; but with a concentration anything more addicted than “Yours very truly.” of mighty powers which made the spectacle sub- Nor did his warmth come out in tears of tenderness lime, he moved to the onset with lip compressed and the usual utterances of wounded feeling; for and massy tread, and victory foreseen in the glance in these he was not so profuse and prompt as many. of his eagle eye. And like all men of overmastering How did it appear? On a wintry day, how do we energy-like all men of clear conception and valiant know that the hidden stove is lit, but because the purpose—like Nelson and Napoleon, and others frost on the panes is thawing, and life is tingling born to be commanders-over and above the assur- back into our dead fingers and leaden feet? And ance given by his frequent success, there was a it was by the glow that spread around wherever spell in his audacity—a fascination in his sanguine Dr. Chalmers entered— by the gayety which chivalry. Many were drawn after him, carried sparkled in every eye, and the happiness which helpless captives by his force of character; and bounded in every breast-by the mellow temperathough, at first, many felt that it required some ture to which the atmosphere suddenly ascended faith to follow him, like the great genius of modern it was by this that you recognized your nearness 10 warfare, experience showed that for moral as well a focus of philanthropy.
How did it appear? as military conquests, there may be the deepest How do we know that that huge Newfoundland, wisdom in dazzling projects, and rapid movements, pacing leisurely about the lawn, has a propensity and reckless daring. It was owing to the width of for saving drowning people, but just because the his field, and the extent of his future, and, above all, moment yon playing child capsizes into the garden the greatness of his faith, that he was the most pond, he plunges after, and lands him dripping on venturesome of philanthropists, and also the most the gravel? And it was by the instinctive bound victorious. The width of his field—for if he was with which he sprang to the relief of misery—the operating on St. John's he had his eye to Scotland importunity with which, despite his population and -if he was making an effort on his own establish- his pauper theories, he entreated for such emergenment, he had an eye to Christendom. And the ex- cies as the Highland distress, and the liberality with tent of his future—for every man who is greater which he relieved the successive cases of poverty than his coevals is a vaticination of some age to and woe that came to his private ear and eyemit come-and, with Chalmers, the struggle was to was because wherever grief or suffering was, there speed this generation on and bring it abreast of that was Dr. Chalmers, that you knew him to be a man wiser and holier epoch of which he himself was the of sympathies. But you might know it in other precocious denizen. And the greatness of his faith ways. "Read the five-and-twenty volumes of his -for he believed that whatever is scriptural is pol- works, and say what are they but a magazine of * Edmund Burke.
generous thoughts for the elevation, and genial
thoughts for the comfort of mankind? What are! systematie. He justly assumed that a revelation they but a collection of pleadings with power on the from God must be pervaded by some continuous behalf of weakness; with opulence on the behalf muth; and that a clue to its general meaning must of penury; with Christian intelligence on the behalf be sought in some ultimate fact, some self-consis of outcast ignorance and home-grown paganism? | tent and all-reconciling principle. To him the gosWhat are they but a series of the most skilful pre-pel was a REVELATION of RIGHTEOUSNESS ; and scriptions for mortal misery—a good and wise phy- Man's Need and God's Gift were ibe simple ele sician's legacy to a disordered world, which he ments into which his theology resolved itself. In dearly loved and did his best to heal? And what the various forms of man's vacuity and God's fub was the succession of his services during the last ness, man's blindness and the Spirit's enlightening, thirty years ? For what, short of God's glory, but the carnal enmily and the supplanting power of a the good of man, was he spending his intellect, his new affection, the hollowness of a morality withous ascendency over others, his constitution, and his godliness, and the purifying influence of the Christime? We have spoken of his colossal strength tian faith, these primary truths were constantly reand his flaming energy; and the idea we now re- appearing; and just because his first principles tain of his life-long career is just an engine of were so few, they suited every case, and because highest pressure pursuing the iron path of an in- his system was so simple, he felt it perfectly secure. flexible philanthropy, and speeding to the terminus Instead of forcing locks, he had found the masterof a happier clime a lengthy train of the poor, the key, and went freely out and in. And in this we halt, the blind; and we pity those who, in the believe that he was right. From want of spiritushriek, the hurry, and the thunder of the transit-ality, from want of study or capacity, we may fail the momentary warmth and passing indignation of lo catch it; but there is a scripiural unity. So far the man, forget the matchless prowess of the Chris- as the Bible is a record, its main fact is one; so far tian, and the splendid purpose of his living sacri- as it is a revelation, ils chief doctrine is one ; so far fice. And yet our wonder is, that with such a as it is the mind of God exhibited to fallen man, ils weight upon his thoughts, and such a work on his prevailing tone and feeling are one. And having hands, he found so much time for specific kindness, in comprehension of mind ascertained, and in siuand took such care to rule his spirit. Like the plicity of faith accepted this unity—the revealed apostle on whom devolved the care of all the truth and the scriptural temperament, Dr. Chalmers churches, but who in one letter sends messages to walked at liberty. It was his systematic strength or from six-and-thirty friends, there was no favor which gave him textual freedom; and if for one so little, and no friend so obscure, that he ever for- forenoon he would dilate on a single duty will i got him. If, in a moment of absence, he omitted seemed to expand into the whole of man, or on one some wonted civility, or, by an untimely interrup-doctrine till it bulked into a Bible, it was only a tion, was betrayed into a word of sharpness, he portion of the grand scheme passing under ile showed an excessive anxiety to redress the wrong, evangelical microscope. It was the lamp of the and heal the unwilling wound. And glorious as it one cardinal truth lighting up a particular topic. was to see him on the Parnassus of some transcen- And those who, on the other hand, objected to his dent inspiration, or rather on the Pisgah of some preaching as not sufficiently evangelical, were only sacred and enraptured survey, it was more delight-less evangelical than he. With many the gospel ful to behold him in self-unconscious lowliness is a tenet ; with Dr. Chalmers the gospel was a still great, but forgetful of his greatness—by the pervasion. The sermons of Dr. Chalmers were hearth of some quiet neighbor, or in the bosom of not stuck over with quoted texts, but every parahis own family, or among friends who did not make graph had its scriptural seasoning. His whole an open show of him, out of the good treasure of being held the gospel in solution, and beyond most his heart bringing forth nothing but good things. text-reciters, it was his anxiety to saturaie with jus With all the puissant combativeness and intellec- purest truth ethical philosophy and political econtual prowess essential to such a lofty reason, it was omy, daily life and personal conduct, as well as reJovely to see the genule play of the lion-hearted tired meditation and Sabbath-day religion.
With all his optimism—his longings after a We would only, in conclusion, commemorate the higher scale of piety, and a nobler style of Chris- Lord's great goodness to his servant in allowing tianiiy, it was beautiful to see how contented he him such a completed work and finished course. was with every friend as he is, and with what mag- Many a great man has had a good thing in his netic alertness all that was Christian in himself heart; a temple, or some august undertaking ; but darted forth to all that was Christian in a brother. it was still in his heart when he died. And many And above all, with his wholesale beneficence, the more have just put to their hand, when death struck abundance of his labors, the extent of his regards, them down, and a stately fragment is all their monand the vastness of his projects, it was instructive ument. But there is a sublime and affecting conto see his affections so tender, his friendships so clusiveness in the work of Dr. Chalmers. What firm, and his kind offices so thoughtful and un- more could the church or the world have asked tiring.
from him? It will take the church a generation to Perhaps there never was a theologian who ap- learn all that he has taught it, and the world a cenproached a given text with less appearance of sys- tury to reach that point from which he was transtem or pre-conception. No passage wore to him a lated. And yet he has left all his meaning clear, suspicious or precarious look, and instead of hand- and all his plans complete. And all that completed ling it uneasily, as if it were some deadly thing, he work is of the best kind; all gold and silver and took it up securely and frankly, and dealt with it in precious stones. To activity and enterprise he has all the confidence of a good understanding. Some read a new lesson. To terested but far seen Scripture interpreters have no system. "To them goodness he has supplied a new motive. To phiall texts are isolated, and none interprets another. lanthropy he has given new impulse, and to the And the system of others is too scanty. It is not pulpit new inspiration. And whilst he has added coëxtensive with the whole counsel of God. It another to the short catalogue of this world's great interprets some passages, but leaves others unex- men, he has gone up another and a majestic onplained. In the highest sense, Dr. Chalmers was looker to the cloud of witnesses.
From the North British Review. as the influence was, and few as they were who Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. Charles Simeon, shared it, an element was infused into the popular
M. A., late Senior Fellow of King's College, and mind, which, like salt imbibed from successive strata Minister of Trinity Church, Cambridge. With by the mineral spring, was never afterwards lost,
Selection from his Writings and Correspon- but, now that ages have elapsed, may still be de dence. Edited by the Rev. William Carus, tected in the national character. The reformers M. A., Fellow and Senior Dean of Trinity Col- preached the gospel, and the common people heard lege, and Minister of Trinity Church, Cambridge. and the home-spun jerkin of the stalwart yeoman,
it gladly. Beneath the doublet of the thrifty trader, London, 1847.
was felt a throb of new nobility. A monarch and Sent from heaven, but little thought of-locked her ministers remotely graced the pageant; but it up in that trite small-printed book, the Bible-lies was to the stout music of old Latimer ihat the Engthe germ of moral renovation-the only secret for lish reformation marched, and it was a freer soil making base spirits noble, and fallen spirits holy. which iron heels and wooden sandals trod as they Received into the confiding heart, and developed in clashed and clattered to the burly tune. This goscongenial affections, it comes forth in all the won-pel was the birth of British liberty. Its right of derful varieties of vital Christianity; and, according private judgment revealed to many not only how as the recipient's disposition is energy or mildness, precious is every soul, but how important is every activity or contemplation, it creates a bold reformer citizen ; as much as it deepened the sense of relior a benign philanthropist—a valiant worker or a gious responsibility, it awakened the desire of perfar-seen thinker. In bolts that melt as well as burn, sonal freedom. It took the Saxon churl, and taught it flashes from Lather's surcharged spirit; and in him the softer manners and statelier spirit of his comprehensive kindliness spreads its warm atmos- conqueror. It “mended the met:le of his blood ;" phere round Melanchthon's loving nature. In and gave him something better than Norman chirstreams of fervor and fiery earnestness, it follows alry. Quickening with its energy the endurance of Zuingle's smoking path, and in a halo of excessive the Saxon, and tempering with its amenity the brighiness encircles Calvin's awful brow. In im- fierceness of the Gaul, it made the Englishman.pulses of fond beneficence it tingles in Howard's Then came the Puritan awakening—in its comrestless feet, and in a blaze of in-door gladness wel- mencement the most august revival which Europe somes Cowper's friends. But whether its manifes- ever witnessed. Stately, forceful, and thrilling, tations be the more beauteous, or the more majestic, the gospel echoed over ihe land, and penient of all the influences which can alter or ennoble man nation bowed before it. Long-fasting, much-reading, it is beyond comparison the most potent and perva- deep-thinking--theology, became the literature, the sive. In the sunny suffusion with which it cheers meditation and the talk of the people, and religion existence, in the holy ambition which it kindles, the business of the realm. With the fear of God and in the intensity which it imparts to character, deep in their spirits, and with hearts soft and plastic that gospel is “the power of God."
to his word, it was amazing how promptly the And just as its advent is the grand epoch in the sternest requirements were conceded, and the most individual's progress, so its scanty or copious pres- stringent reforms carried through. Never, in Engence gives a corresponding aspect to a nation's land, were the things temporal so trivial, and the history. When its power is feeble-when few things eternal so evident, as when Baxter, all but members of the community are upborne by its joyful disembodied, and Howe, wrapt in bright and present and strenuous force—when there is little of its communion, and Allein, radiant with the joy which genial infusion to make kindness spontaneous, and shone through him, lived before their people the when men forget its solemn future, which renders wonders they proclaimed. And never among the duty so urgent and self-denial so easy-the public people was ihere more of that piety which looks virtues languish, and the moral grandeur of that inward and upward-which longs for a healthy soul, empire dies. It needs something of the gospel to and courts that supernal influence which alone can produce a real patriot ; it needs more of it to create make it prosper ; never more of that piety which in a philanthropist ; and, amidst the trials of temper, every action consults, and in every incident recognizes the seductions of party, and the misconstructions of Him in whom we move and have our being. Perhaps motive, it needs it all to give that patriot or philan- its long regards and lofty aspirations, the absence thropist perseverance to the end. "It needs a wide of short distances in its field of view, and that one diffusion of the gospel to fill a parliament with high- all-absorbing future which had riveted its eye, gave minded statesmen, and a country with happy homes. it an aspect too solemn and ascetic—the look of a And it will need its prevailing ascendency to create pilgrim leaving earth rather than an heir of glory peace among the nations, and secure the good-will going home. Still it was England's most erect and of man to man.
earnest century; and none who believe that worship The world has not yet exhibited the spectacle of is the highest work of man can doubt, that, of all an entire people evangelized; but there have been its predecessors, this Puritan generation lived to the repeated instances where this vital element has told grandest purpose. Pity that in so many ears the perceptibly on national character ; and in the nobler din of Naseby and Marston Moor has drowned the tone of public acting, and higher pulse of popular most sublime of national melodies—the joyful noise feeling, might be recognized a people nearer God. of a people praising God. The religion of the Io England, for example, there have been three period was full of reverence and adoration and selfevangelic eras. Thrice over have ignorance and denial. Setting common life and its meanest inciapathy be startled into light and wonder ; and dents to the music of Scripture, and advancing to thrice over has a vigorous minority of England's battle in the strength of psalms, its worthies were inhabitants felt anew all the goodness or grandeur more awful than heroes. They were incorruptible of the ancient message. And it is instructive to and irresistible men who lived under the All-seeing remark, how, at each successive awakening, an eye and leaned on the Omnipotent arm, and who impulse was given to the nation's worth which found in God's nearness the sanctity of every spot bever afterwards faded entirely out of it. Partial and the solemnity of every moment.—Then, after