Political Barriers to Housebuilding In Britain: A Critical Case Study of Protectionism and its Industrial Commercial Effects
Over the years, political barriers have severely hampered housebuilding in Britain. Governments have blocked urban expansion, stymied new low cost housing production methods and materials, and restricted the supply of new housing to the market in other ways. They have thereby artificially raised prices and excluded many lower income households from owner occupation. This study analyses political barriers to housebuilding as a special form of political economic protectionism the equivalent of quotas and tariffs on international goods imports. The book will be of interest to anyone concerned about shortages in the supply and the high costs of good new homes not just in Britain but in other industrial countries also.
1. Political Barriers to Housebuilding In Britain: a Critical Overview
2. Greenbelt Barriers to Urban Expansion
3. Housing Output Planning and Quota Fixing
4. Housing Development Taxes and Quasi-Taxes
5. New Housing Class Discrimination
6. Controls on Technological Development and Product Innovation
7. The Effects on the Land Market and New Housing Location
8. The Effects on Housebuilders and Housing Production
9. The Effects on Household Consumer Choice, House Prices, and Housing Quality
10. The Removal of Political Barriers to Housebuilding
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acre Alan Evans authorities average barriers to housebuilding barriers to urban benefits blocks brownfield land brownfield sites builders building bungalows central government cheaper competition construction contaminated councils countryside demand and prices densities derelict development permission development planning discrimination districts dwellings economic England exurban facilities and services factors factors of production forecasts greenbelt barriers greenfield greenfield land growth high land costs higher house prices housebuilding in Britain households housing demand housing developments housing market housing supplies incomes increase industrial industrial-commercial inner city innovation investment local councils London low-cost major manufacturing materials Meanwhile million mobile homes municipal negative effects Nonetheless numbers overall owner-occupation particular planners planning gain extras policies projects property prices protectionism protectionist quotas reduce residential property restrictions rural settlements shire counties shortages significant South East South East England subsidies substantial suburban taxes technical-product tower blocks towns and cities traditional urban areas urban expansion value added tax