Political Barriers to Housebuilding In Britain: A Critical Case Study of Protectionism and its Industrial Commercial Effects
Over the years, political barriers have severely hampered housebuilding in Britain. Governments have blocked urban expansion, stymied new low cost housing production methods and materials, and restricted the supply of new housing to the market in other ways. They have thereby artificially raised prices and excluded many lower income households from owner occupation. This study analyses political barriers to housebuilding as a special form of political economic protectionism the equivalent of quotas and tariffs on international goods imports. The book will be of interest to anyone concerned about shortages in the supply and the high costs of good new homes not just in Britain but in other industrial countries also.
1. Political Barriers to Housebuilding In Britain: a Critical Overview
2. Greenbelt Barriers to Urban Expansion
3. Housing Output Planning and Quota Fixing
4. Housing Development Taxes and Quasi-Taxes
5. New Housing Class Discrimination
6. Controls on Technological Development and Product Innovation
7. The Effects on the Land Market and New Housing Location
8. The Effects on Housebuilders and Housing Production
9. The Effects on Household Consumer Choice, House Prices, and Housing Quality
10. The Removal of Political Barriers to Housebuilding
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acre Alan Evans authorities average barriers to housebuilding benefits brownfield land brownfield sites builders building bungalows central government cheaper competition construction consumer contaminated councils countryside demand and prices densities derelict development permission discrimination districts dwellings economic England existing exurban facilities and services factors factors of production forecasts Greenbelt barriers greenfield greenfield land growth high land costs higher housebuilding in Britain households housing demand housing developments housing market housing output housing supplies incomes increase industrial industrial-commercial inner city innovation investment land prices London major manufacturing materials Meanwhile million mobile homes municipal negative effects numbers official development overall particular planners planning gain extras policies political-legal property prices protected protectionism protectionist quotas reduce rent-seeking residential property restrictions retirement housing rural settlements shire counties shortages significant South East South East England standards subsidies substantial suburban taxes technical-product tower blocks towns and cities traditional urban areas urban expansion value added tax
Page 13 - ... matters like urban development, airfield safeguarding, radio station protection, roads, railways, rivers, canals and other existing and proposed developments are examined and the particular problems associated with each are defined. The environmental issues concerning land protected by statute such as National Parks, Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Sites of Special Scientific Interest, Nature reserves, Green Belt areas, areas of Great Landscape Value and conservation areas are outlined,...
Page 14 - ... answering the question of how many dwellings to be built. The potentially conflicting goals of housing and spatial planning have to be dealt with. Spatial planning is concerned with housing construction in so far as it influences where the dwellings should be constructed. This is important because the country is one of the most densely populated in the world. The PRIMOS model ( PRO jection , INf ormation and Monitoring System) is used to simulate the attainment of both policy goals.