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has not attempted to disguise his unqualified disapprobation in some cases, and his abhorrence in others, of that, which the spurious liberality of the day, if it does not profess to admire and encourage, at least tolerates and forbears to reprove. That this will be more especially the case with respect to his strictures on the mummeries of the Roman Catholic Church we do not doubt; but to shew that he is not unprepared for this, we cannot do better than quote his own words, which sufficiently prove, that while he expects the censure, he neither dreads, nor would avoid it by the sacrifice of a high and conscientious principle.
I do not consider, (he observes on this head,) either my language or my repro bation too severe, particularly at a time when that IDOLATROUS SIMULATION of Christianity, not content with being tolerated in these dominions, is daily growing more insolent in its demands, and although itself the most despotic, intolerant, and exclusive of creeds, pretends to feel aggrieved because not placed upon the same footing as the National Church. Place it on that footing, and its moderation will quickly display itself in striving, per fas et nefas, to extirpate what it would then behold only as a rival. If the concessions it has obtained produce no gratitude, further concessions will only stimulate it to open hostility. It is enough to have the company of a muzzled hyena; remove ihat muzzle - it is already almost gnawed through- and the consequence may be easily predicted.-P. vi.
It is with this conviction firmly implanted in his breast that Mr. Wilson enters upon what may almost be termed a religious tour through France and Italy; a route, every part of which, as indeed he himself remarks, has been so repeatedly gone over before, that unless there may be some novelty in the writer, who thus offers the record of his impressions and opinions, there can be little or none in his materials. Now it is precisely these impressions and opinions which form, as in the case of his last work, the most valuable and instructive, as well as amusing portion of the volume before us ; and as it is with them that we principally concern ourselves, we shall at once introduce the reader into the author's company within the walls of St. Peter's, where, after a description of that stupendous fabric, and the impression it never fails to produce on the spectator, he extends his speculations beyond mere architectural description. After alluding to the splendid paintings with which its walls are adorned, “ Little,” he goes on to reply to Dr. England's arguments in favour of them
Little is it to be wondered at that a form which addresses itself so strongly to the senses as that of the Catholic Church does, should still retain such influence over those who profess it as to blind them to its errors. It is impos. sible for a Protestant-nay, even a bigoted one, to remain coldly insensible to the fascination of the religious pomp and pageantry which are so abundantly displayed in this splendid basilica. Yet to admiration would, perhaps, succeed a different feeling, should be happen to witness the superstitious reverence here paid to the bronze effigy of St. Peter himself. This figure, which is on the side of the high altar, beneath the dome, is said to be a true likeness of the apostle, and represents him seated in a marble chair, beneath a canopy of metal, and holding two keys in his left hand. The foot, which projects a little beyond the pedestal on which it rests, bears testimony to the fervour of his devotees, the metal being quite polished by the innumerable kisses it has received from their lips. This practical devotion-among a thousand similar instances-seems rather to contradict the assertion of Catholic writers, who assert that the images of their saints are intended only to excite religious fervour, and that they are not held to be objects of actual devotion, or possessing any peculiar sanctity in themselves. As the sole apology for what is quite indefensible by any argument drawn from Christianity itself, it may be
very well for them to put such construction upon it; yet do the generality of Catholics---supposing them to be not merely noininally such-liinit themselves within those bounds ?-do they attribute no positive etficacy to the immediate contact of such images ? To reply in the negative would be to contradict daily evidence and experience; why, then, are not some pains taken to extirpate the error which has thus crept into the Romish Church? If, entirely wrested from its original purpose, the use of images is found to lead to a monstrous and universal abuse, the sooner images, relics, and other amulets of that kind are abolished, the better. According to the apologists for them, images, at least, are non-essential-uothing further than incentives to spiritual worship-consequently might safely and consistently be abandoned, when discovered to occasion most serious error. For a serious error assuredly it is to suppose that the touch of a piece of metal can avail any thing; or that a prayer recited before a senseless statue can be more efficacious or more acceptable to heaven than if offered up to the living and omnipresent God, who alone knoweth all our thoughts, and can read our innermost hearts. Dull and sluggish of mind indeed must those be, who cannot fix their thoughts in prayer without having some sensible object before their eyes. But the error, it is to be feared, is not only gross in itself, but also something more than a merely speculative one. Hardly should we find those who are so openly immoral in their general conduct that it is impossible to suspect them of hypocrisy, so frequently display their devotion after this fashion, did they not actually believe that the simple mechanical act of religion was an equivalent for their sins, and that upon such easy terms they can keep a fair debtor and creditor account with heaven. No betier result is to be expected from a practice permitted in direct opposition 10 the expressed will of God himself, who has forbidden the use of “ “graven images,” declaring that he his a "jealous God," and claims the whole of our worship.-Pp. 305-307.
In the course of a very lively and interesting description of the ceremonies of the Holy Week, Mr. Wilson mentions that of washing the feet of the representatives of the apostles, on which he makes some very sensible observations.
Seated together in a row were the representatives of the apostles, one of whom was of truculent bandit-like aspect, being intended, as we were informed, to personate Judas. They were all dressed in gowns of fiue flannel, with silk sashes round their waists, and had white caps and shoes. Each of them in turn bared one of his feet, which was just wetted, in a kind of dish, and then wiped dry and kissed by the Pope. This piece of pompous humility on the part of the Holy Father is any thing but editying; most remote, in fact, from the christian virtue it is intended to show forth. It looks like soniething studiedly forced and unnatural, being altogether inconsistent with modern usages. At the best it can be considered in no other light than that of a piece of state etiquette of the Popes; a mere form, quite as flattering to their pride as to any better feeling. Among the successors of St. Peter the world has seen many Judases, who, no doubt, performed such solemn act of bumiliation without the least violence to their feelings, their haughtiness, and their arrogance.
It costs us very little to be humble, when we are assured that, so far from thereby incurring the sneers and contempt of the world, we shall gain its admiration ; for which reason, I cannot help thinking that those Roman ladies of rank who, in imitation of the Holy Father, officiously display their devotion by wasning the feet of pilgrims, undertake an office of very questionable merit. To relieve the necessitous by actual services and assistance; to do works of piety that have some real beneficial object in view ; to edify others both by our counsel and our conduct; and to strive to exbibit the christian graces in the general tenor of our lives;- this is to imitate the Saviour worthily: not so when we play, upon some particular occasion, a merely assumed part ; where what, under different circumstances, might be humility, is to procure us distioction. There is one convent in particular at Rome where this farce (I was going to term it) of feet washing is carried on during this season to a great extent:-princesses, duchesses, and other dames of bigh rank and title, repair thither to show off their excess of humility, or else to do penance for their every day pride — Pp. 321, 322.
That we may not entirely lose sight of the traveller in the theologian, we shall conclude our extracts from this able work with an account of one of the most interesting ecclesiastical edifices in “ The Eternal City."
One of the most ancient churches in Rome, in respect of origin, if not of structure, is that of the Lateran, famed as the seat of so many general councils of the Church, and one of the four chief basilicas—it having been founded by Constantine in the early part of the third century. The present structure, however, in front of which stands a lofty Egyptian obelisk, covered with hieroglyphics, was erected in the seventeenth century, and exhibits the bad taste of that period. The principal front is later, having been built about 1735, by Alexander Galilei, an architect who has shown far greater taste in the splendid Corsini chapel, that forms one of the chief attractions of the interior. This last is of extraordinary richness : marbles, gilding, painting, sculpture--all are profusely employed, yet so discreetly, and with such elegance of taste, that the eye finds no excess. The cloisters belonging to this church form quite an architectural studio, being surrounded by an arcade of small arches resting upon columns placed in pairs--that is, one before the other, which exhibit extraordinary variety both in their shafts and capitals. Some of the shafts are twisted singly; others compounded of two twisted together: some, again, with plain surfaces; others enriched by Autings, cablings, carvings, and different modes of embellishment; many of which might furnish ideas, even were they objected to as models. There are also other curiosities shown here of a more startling kind : among the rest, a marble fragment which passes for the identical stone on which the cock crowed at the time of St. Peter's denial of his Master !! Surely this must be intended by the very Catholics themselves as a burlesque upon those relics to which their Church attaches so much importance : if not, it is an instance of fatuity that almost exceeds belief.—Pp. 313, 314.
With this extract we take our leave for the present of Mr. Wilson and his book, regretting that the late period of the month at which it came into our hands prevents our doing it full justice. Its contents, however, are so interesting in themselves, and so germane to the objects of the Christian REMEMBRANCER, that we shall probably recur to them in a future number.
Christian Philosophy; or an Attempt pages of a tract so admirable, in every
to display, by Internal Testimony, point of view, as the one before us. the Evidence and Excellence of Re- We would not stand in Mr. Lushingvealed Religion
By VICESIMUS ton's shoes to be knouted by Mr. Knox, D.D. with an Introductory Gathercole for a golden prehend; Essay, by the Rev. Henry Stebbing, and as for the poor, miserable, illM.A. forming Vol. xix. of the fared scribblers, whose “keen hatred, Sacred Classics. London: Hatchard. and round abuse of the Church,” has Pp. xxxi. 308.
brought them under the lash, we A work which, in the language of almost doubt whether our pity is not the editor, affords satisfactory evi
greater than our contempt. If any dence that the most comforting and
man thinks the writer has been too important truths of the gospel are
severe, let him read these few words, established on a basis of unanswerable
and we are quite sure all false com
passion will evaporate. argument.
After having convicted you (Lushing
ton] of so many downright falsehoods, in A Short Method with the Romanists; the preceding pages, the public will not
or the Claims and Doctrines of the require another word to shew them wheChurch of Rome examined, in a Dia
ther or not your name or fame be unsullied logue between a Protestant and a
by the "practice of malignant defamation." Romanist. By the Rev. CHARLES
The spite and malice which you have so
abundantly manifested not only against LESLIE, Author of a “ Short Method
me, but against the Church, and almost with the Deists." Edinburgh :
every thing connected with her, are scarcely R. Grant. London : Hurst and
to be equalled within the compass of any Seeley. Dublin : W. Curry. 1835.
other pamphlet of the same size.—P. 65. Pp. 199.
This anti-churchman, we are happy to An admirable and conclusive tract. say, from the registration, is not likely Republished at a most convenient again to mis-represent Ashburton!
A Letter to Charles Lushington, Esq.
Subscription no Bondage ; or the PracM.P. in Reply to a Remonstrance,
tical Advantages afforded by the addressed by him to the Lord Bishop
Thirty-nine Articles. With in Inof London, on account of his Lord- troductory Letter on the Declaration, ship's having recommended in his which it is proposed to substitute for late Charge to the Clergy of his Dio
Subscription to the Articles at Matricese, the Letters to a Dissenting
culation. By Rusticus. Oxford : Minister, signed L. S. E. Annexed
Parker. London: Rivington. Camure Answers to the Eclectic Review, bridge: Deighton. Pp. vii. 125. the Evangelical and Congregational A Letter to his Grace the Duke of Magazines, the Ecclesiastical Jour- Wellington, Chancellor of the Uninal, and to a certain pamphlet, enti- versity of Oxford, upon the principle tled, A Reply to the Letters of and tendency of a Bill, now before L. S. E. by a Congregationalist." Parliament, entitled, “ A Bill for By the Rev. M. A. GATHERCOLE. Abolishing Subscription to Articles
London: Whittaker and Co. Pp. 86. of Religion in certain Cases. By the We have, in the course of our editorial
Rev. FREDERICK OAKELEY, M. A. labours, had a vast variety of pam
Fellow and Tutor of Balliol College. phlets subjected to our notice, bearing
Oxford : Parker. London: Rivingthe impress of high natural talent and tons. Pp. 25. great acquirements; but seldom have The clamour raised by Dissenters we had the good fortune to revel in the against the discipline of our universities is neither more nor less than the by authors of acknowledged talent;note of preparation for an attack on these we promise to our readers will the Church. But the purest portion afford them a treat not inferior to of the community seem to have pene- any offered by the christian annuals trated the flimsy veil of schismatical which at this period issue from the duplicity; and a better spirit is press. The volume contains sevenabroad, which cannot fail to be en- teen plates, illustrative of the subjects couraged by pamphlets, written with annexed to each, all of which are that knowledge of the subject, and executed in the first style. We repowerful language, by which the above commend the “ Christian Keepsake" are characterised.
as an elegant and instructive present to the pious reader. The following,
by T. Aveling, Esq. we offer as a speThe Necessily of a National Church cimen of the poetic talent evinced
considered, in a Series of Letters to throughout.
Whene'er the clouds of sorrow roll,
And trials 'whelm the mind; Oxford. Letters I. II. III. IV.
When, faint with grief, thy wearied soul
No joys on earth can find ;-Pp. 75. London : Baldwin and Co.
Then lift thy voice to God on high, Ireland. Addressed to the Right Hon.
Dry up the trembling tear, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, And hush the low complaining sigh ; and the Commons in Parliament
"Fear not,” thy God is near. assembled. Being Letter V. on
When dark temptations spread their suares, the Necessity of a National Church.
And earth with charıns allures ; By the Red. CHARLES CATOR, M.A.
And when thy soul oppress'd with fears, of Brasennose College, Oxford. Pp. The world's assault endures ;
18. London: Baldwin and Co. Then let thy Father's friendly voice We have, on more than one occasion, Thy fainting spirit cheer, had to speak of the zealous and faith- And bid thy trembling heart rejoice; ful discharge of parochial duty by
“ Fear not,” thy God is near. which Mr. Cator is so eminently dis- And when the last, last hour shall come, tinguisbed; and are satisfied that no That calls thee to thy rest, one can rise from the perusal of the
To dwell within thy heavenly home, above letters without feeling grateful
A welcome, joyful guest;to him for his unwearied exertions in
Be calm—though Jordan's waves may roll, behalf of that Church, of which he is
No ills shall meet thee there;
Angels shall whisper to thy soul, so worthy a minister. In the second
“Fear not,” thy God is near. letter, he clearly shows that the principle and foundation of the Christian Church is a matter of necessity, arising out of Christianity itself, and that
Ten Plain Sermons, chiefly on particuthere must either be a national reli
lar occasions; to which are added, gion, or no religion.
Two Assize Sermons, preached in the Cathedral Church of Salisbury,
in the year 1835. By the Rep. The Christian Keepsuke, and Mis- FuLWER WILLIAM Fowle, Rector
sionary Annual. Edited by the Rev. of Allington, and Perpetual Curate WILLIAM ELLIS. 1836. London: of Amesbury. London: Rivingtons. Fisher, Son, & Co. Pp. 202.
Pp. xxiv. 299. It is with pleasure we have perused. These sermons are dedicated to the this volume, which contains much Bishop of Salisbury, published by subthat is pleasing and instructive, both scription, and to gratify the author's in prose and poetry. The Recollec- mother. They are the evidences of tions of Mr. Wilberforce; the Memoir zeal, piety, and a desire to do good. of the late Dr. Morrison, the first Pro- A high political tone, in favour of our testant missionary in Chiva; together national institutions and national chawith numerous other papers, written racter, runs through them.