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Lu. 11. 29. ch. 16. 4.

Jon. 1. 17.

Jon. 3. 5.

1 Ki. 10.1. 2

Lu. 11. 24.

37 on the day of judgment. For by thy words thou shalt be ac

quitted ; and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. 38 Then some of the Scribes and Pharisees interposed, saying: 39 Rabbi, we desire to see a sign from thee. He answering, said

unto them: An evil and adulterous race demandeth a sign ; but

no sign shall be given them, save the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the stomach of the great fish, the Son of Man will be three

days and three nights 41 in the bosom of the earth. The Ninevites will stand up in the

judgment against this race, and cause it to be condemned, be

cause they repented when they were warned by Jonah ; and 42 behold here something greater than Jonah. The queen of the

south country* will arise in the judgment against this race, and cause it to be condemned; because she came from the extremities of the earth to hear the wise discourses of Solomon

and behold here something greater than Solomon. 43 An unclean spirit when he is gone out of a man, wandereth 44 over parched deserts in search of a resting place : And not

finding any, he said, “I will return to my house whence I came;

and being come, he findeth it empty swept, and furnished. 45 Whereupon he goeth, and bringeth with him seven other spirits

more wicked than himself; and having entered they dwell there; and the last state of that man becomes worse than the Girst : thus will it also fare with this evil race.

While he discoursed to the people, his mother and brothers 47 were without desiring to speak with him. And one said to

him: Thy mother and thy brothers are without desiring to speak 48 with thee. He answering, said to him that told him: Who is 49 my mother? and who are my brothers ? Then stretching out

his hand towards his disciples, he said : Behold my mother and 50 my brothers. For whosoever doth the will of my Father who

is in heaven, is my brother, and sister, and mother.

2 Pet. 2. 20.
Heb. 6. 4.
& 10. 26.

Mar. 3. 31.
Lu. 8. 19.

46

SECTION VII. - PARABLES.

Mar. 4.1.

XIII. The same day, Jesus, having gone out of the house, sat 2 by the sea-side ; but so great a multitude flocked about him,

that he went into a bark, and sat down there, while all the peo3 ple stood on the shore. Then he discoursed to them of many

things in parables. 4 The sower, said he, went out to sow; and in sowing some

seeds sell by the way-side, and the birds came and picked them 5 up. Some fell on rocky ground, where they had little earth :

Mar. 4. 3.
Lu.8. 4.

* In the Old Testament, Sheba.

Lu. 8. 9.

ch. 25. 29.

Lu. 8. 18.

Isa. 6. 9.

Ro. 11. 8,

6 these sprang up the sooner, because the soil had no depth ; but

after the sun had beaten upon them, they were scorched, and 7 having no root, withered away. Some fell among thorns, and 8 the thorns grew up and choked them. Others fell into good

ground, and yielded increase; some a hundred, some sixty, and 9 some thirty fold. Whoever hath ears to hear, let him hear. 10 Then the disciples accosted him, saying: Why speakest thou Mar. 4.10. 11 to them in parables ? He answering, said unto them : because

it is your privilege, and not theirs to know the secrets of the 12 reign of heaven. For to him that hath, more shall be given,

and he shall abound; but from him that hath not, even that Mar. 4. 25. 13 which he hath shall be taken. For this reason I speak to them 14 in parables : because they seeing, see not: and hearing, hear Mar. 4. 12.

not, nor regard ; insomuch that this prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled ... 160

in them, “ Ye may indeed listen, but will not understand : ye Acts 28. 25. 15 may look, but will not perceive. For this people's understand

ing is stupified, their ears are deafened, and their eyes they have closed; lest seeing with their eyes, hearing with their ears, and

apprehending with their understanding, they should repent, and 16 I should reclaim them.” But blessed are your eyes, because Lu. 10. 23. 17 they see, and your ears, because they hear. For verily I say

unto you, that many prophets and righteous men have desired to see the things which ye see, but have not seen them; and

to hear the things which ye hear, but have not heard them. 18 Understand ye therefore, the parable of the sower. When Mar. 4. 14. 19 one heareth the doctrine of the reign, but mindeth it not, the Lu. 8. 11.

evil one cometh, and snatcheth away that which was sown in 20 his heart. This explaineth what fell by the way side. That

which fell on rocky ground, denoteth him who hearing the word, 21 receiveth it at first with pleasure ; yet not having it rooted in

his mind, retaineth it but a while ; for when trouble and perse

cution cometh, because of the word, instantly he relapseth. 22 That which fell among thorns, denoteth that bearer in whom

worldly cares and deceitful riches stifle the word, and render it 23 unfruitful. But that which fell into good soil, and bore fruit,

some a hundred, some sixty, some thirty fold, denoteth him who

not only heareth and mindeth, but obeyeth the word. 24

Another parable he proposed to them, saying: The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a field in which the proprietor 25 had sown good grain : but while people were asleep, his enemy 26 came and sowed darnel among the wheat, and went off. When

the blade was up, and putting forth the ear, then appeared also 27 the darnel. And the servants came and said to their master,

'Sir, thou sowedst good grain in the field; whence, then, 28 bath it darnel ?' He answered, "An enemy hath done this.' 29 They said, "Wilt thou then, that we weed them out ?' He re

Ps. 78. 2.

plied, “No ; lest in weeding out the darnel, ye tear up also the 30 wheat. Let both grow together until the harvest; and in the

time of harvest I will say to the reapers, First gather the darnel, and make them into bundles for burning; then carry the

wheat into my barn.' Mar. 4. 31. 31

Another similitude he proposed to them, saying: The kingLu. 13. 19. dom of heaven is like a grain of mustard-seed, which a man set

32 in his field ; for though it is the smallest of all seeds, it is, when

grown, larger than any herb, and becometh a tree, so that the

birds of the air take shelter in its branches. Lu. 13: 21. 33 Another similitude he gave them : The kingdom of heaven

is like leaven which a woman mingled in three measures of

meal until the whole was leavened. 34 All these similitudes Jesus spoke to the people ; for he 35 taught them only by similitudes; herein verifying the words of

the prophet: “ I will discourse in parables"; 1 will utter things

whereof all antiquity hath been silent." 36 Then Jesus leaving the multitude, retired to the house,

where his disciples accosted him, saying: Explain to us the 37 parable of the darnel in the field. Jesus answering, said unto 38 ihem : He who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man. 'The

field is the world : the good seed are the sons of the kingdom ; 39 and the darnel are the sons of the evil one. The enemy who

sowed them is the devil : the harvest is the conclusion of this 40 state; and the reapers are the angels. As, therefore, the dar

nel is gathered and burnt, so shall it be at the conclusion of this 41 state. The Son of Man will send his angels, who shall gather 42 out of his kingdom all seducers and iniquitous persons, and

throw them into the burning furnace : weeping and gnashing of Dan. 12: 3. 43 teeth shall be there. Then shall the righteous shine like the

sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever hath ears to

hear, let him hear. 44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like treasure hid in a field,

which, when a man hath discovered, he concealeth the discovery, and for joy thereof selleth all that he hath, and buyeth

that field. 45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a pearl extremely pre46 cious, which a merchant, who was in quest of fine pearls, hav

ing met with, sold all that he had and purchased it. 47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a sweep-net cast into 48 the sea, which encloseth fishes of every kind. When it is full,

they draw it ashore, and gather the good into vessels, but throw 49 the useless away. So shall it be at the conclusion of this state.

The angels will come and sever the wicked from among the 50 righteous, and throw them into the burning furnace : weeping

and gnashing of teeth shall be there.

51 Jesus said : Do ye understand all these things? They an52 swered : Yes, Master. He added : Every scribe, therefore,

instructed for the reign of heaven, is like a householder who 53 bringeth out of his storehouse new things and old. And after

he had finished these similitudes, he departed thence.

SECTION VIII.-THE PEOPLE TWICE FED IN THE DESERT.

54 JESUS being come into his own country, taught the inha- Mar. 6. I.

bitants in their synagogue : and they said with astonishment : Jo. 6; 42.

Whence hath this man this wisdom and this power of working 55 miracles? Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother

called Mary? And do not his brothers, James, and Joses, and

Simon, and Judas, and all his sisters, live amongst us? Whence 56 then hath he all these things? Thus they were scandalized at 57 him. But Jesus said to them : A prophet is nowhere disre- Jo. 4: 44.

garded, except in bis own country, and in his own family. And

he did not many miracles there because of their unbelief. XIV. At that time Herod the tetrarch* hearing of the fame of Mar. 6. 14. 2 Jesus, said to his servants : This is John the Baptist : he is Lu. 9. 7.

raised from the dead; and therefore miracles are performed by

him. 3 For Herod had caused John to be apprehended, imprison- Mar. 6. 17.

ed and bound, on account of Herodias his brother Philip's wife; Lu. 3. 19. 4 for John had said to him : It is not lawful for thee to have her. 5 And Herod would have put him to death, but was afraid of the Lev. 18: 16. 6 populace, who accounted him a prophet. But when Herod's

birth-day was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before ch. 21: 26. 7 the company, and pleased Herod so highly, that be swore he 8 would grant her whatever she should ask. She being instiga

ted by her mother, said : Give me here in a basin the head of 9 John the Baptist. And the king was sorry ; nevertheless, from

a regard to his oath and his guests, he commanded that it 10 should be given her. Accordingly John was beheaded in the 11 prison by his order. And his head was brought in a basin and

presented to the damsel; and she carried it to her mother. 12 After which his disciples went and fetched the body, and have

ing buried it, came and told Jesus. 13 When Jesus heard this, he embarked privately and retired Mar. 6. 32.

into a desert place; whereof the people being informed, fol- Lu. 9. 10. 14 lowed him by land out of the cities. Observing, as he landed,

a great multitude, he had compassion upon them, and healed their sick.

& 20. 21.

* That is, governor of a fourth part.

Mar. 6. 35.
Lu. 9. 12,

Jo. 6. 5.

Jo. 6. 16.

15 Towards the evening his disciples accosted him, saying:

This is a desert place, and the time is now past : dismiss the

multitude, that they may go to the villages and buy themselves 16 victuals. Jesus answered: They need not go. Supply them 17 yourselves. They said to him : We have here but five loaves 18 and two fishes. He replied : Bring them hither to me. 19 Then having commanded the people to lie down upon the grass,

he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking towards heaven, blessed them ; then breaking the loaves, he gave them

to the disciples, and they distributed them among the people. 20 When all had partaken, and were satisfied, they carried off 21 twelve baskets full of the fragments that remained. Now they

that had eaten were about five thousand men, beside women

and children. Mar. 6. 45. 22

Immediately Jesus obliged his disciples to embark and pass 23 over before him, while he dismissed the multitude. Having dis

missed the multitude, he retired by himself to a mountain to 24 pray, and remained there alone till it was late. By that time

the bark was half way over, tossed by the waves, for the wind 25 was contrary. In the fourth watch of the night,* Jesus went 26 to them, walking upon the sea. When the disciples saw him

walking upon the sea, being terrified, they exclaimed: An ap27 parition ! and cried out for fear. Jesus immediately spoke to 28 them, saying: Take courage, it is I, be not afraid. Peter

answering, said to him : If it be thou, Master, bid me come to 29 thee upon the water.

Jesus said : Come. Then Peter getting out of the bark, walked upon the water towards Jesus. 30 But finding the wind boisterous, he was frightened ; and begin31 ning to sink, cried: Master, save me. Jesus instantly stretch

ing out his hand caught him, and said to him: Distrustful man, 32 wherefore didst thou doubt? When they had gone aboard, the 33 wind ceased. Then those in the bark came, and prostrated themselves before him, saying: Thou art assuredly a Son of God.

Having passed over, they landed on the territory of GenneMar. 6. 53. 35 saret;t the inhabitants whereof knowing him, sent through all

36 that country, and brought to him all the diseased, who besouglit

him to let them touch but a tuft of his mantle; and as many as

touched were cured. XV. Then some Scribes and Pharisees of Jerusalem addressed

him, saying : Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of

the elders? For they wash not their hands before meals. 3 Jesus answering, said unto them : Why do ye yourselves by 4. your tradition, transgress the commandment of God? For God

34

Mar. 7. 1.

* Between three and six in the morning. + In the Old Testament Chinnereth.

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